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4<Section>
5  <Description>
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14    <Metadata name="Title">Contemporary Descriptions of Anne Boleyn</Metadata>
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16    <Metadata name="URL">http://englishhistory.net/tudor/annedesc.html</Metadata>
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27  <Content>
28
29&lt;div align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;
30  &lt;center&gt;
31  &lt;table border=&quot;0&quot; cellpadding=&quot;0&quot; cellspacing=&quot;4&quot; width=&quot;94%&quot;&gt;
32    &lt;tr&gt;
33      &lt;td valign=&quot;bottom&quot; colspan=&quot;3&quot;&gt;
34      &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt;
35      &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;
36    &lt;img border=&quot;0&quot; src=&quot;_httpdocimg_/annedesc.gif&quot; alt=&quot;Contemporary Descriptions of Anne Boleyn&quot; width=&quot;374&quot; height=&quot;171&quot;&gt;&lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/td&gt;
37    &lt;/tr&gt;
38    &lt;tr&gt;
39      &lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
40      &lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
41      &lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
42    &lt;/tr&gt;
43    &lt;tr&gt;
44      &lt;td valign=&quot;top&quot; width=&quot;48%&quot; bgcolor=&quot;#FFFFE8&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;
45    &lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;
46    &lt;img border=&quot;0&quot; src=&quot;_httpdocimg_/anne2.jpg&quot; alt=&quot;portrait of Anne Boleyn&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; width=&quot;139&quot; height=&quot;194&quot;&gt;Contemporary descriptions of
47    Henry VIII's infamous second wife vary widely.&amp;nbsp; Even her
48    admirers and supporters found it difficult to praise her physical
49    appearance.&amp;nbsp; She was striking but not beautiful; her sister Mary was
50    considered the beauty of the Boleyn family.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;There were occasional comments from hostile sources
51that Anne had the attributes of a witch - a large mole on her neck, possibly
52an extra finger.&amp;nbsp; The latter is probably true.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;When reading the following comments,
53      remember
54that most observers at Henry's court were not friendly with Anne.&amp;nbsp;
55Naturally, their descriptions of her were colored by their dislike. &lt;/font&gt;
56
57&lt;p&gt;&lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;Also, contemporary views about her lifestyle were
58influenced by one overriding fact: most people believed she was the sole
59force behind the Henrician reformation.&amp;nbsp; Katharine of Aragon was popular
60and respected.&amp;nbsp; Cast as the interloper, Anne was suitably despised.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
61      &lt;td width=&quot;4%&quot;&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
62      &lt;td valign=&quot;top&quot; width=&quot;48%&quot;&gt;
63  &lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;In the early 1530s, the Venetian ambassador
64  Savorgnano wrote:&lt;/font&gt;
65&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;Anne was 'a young woman of noble birth, though many say of bad character,
66whose will is law to him, and he is expected to marry her should the divorce
67take place, which it is supposed will not be effected, as the peers of
68the realm.... and the people are opposed to it.'
69&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp; &lt;/p&gt;
70
71&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;The Abbot of Whitby describes the
72political situation in 1530:&lt;/font&gt;
73&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'The King's Grace is ruled by one common stewed whore, Anne Boleyn,
74who makes all the spirituality to be beggared, and the temporality also.'
75&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
76&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;Henry VIII ordered Katharine of
77Aragon to relinquish certain jewels (property of the crown) to Anne Boleyn;
78Katharine replied:&lt;/font&gt;
79&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'I will not give them up to a person who is the scandal of Christendom
80and a disgrace to you.'
81&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
82&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;In 1532, a new Venetian ambassador described Anne
83thusly:&lt;/font&gt;
84&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'not one of the handsomest women in the world.&amp;nbsp; She is of middling
85stature, with a swarthy complexion, long neck, wide mouth, bosom not much
86raised, and in fact has nothing but the King's great appetite, and her
87eyes, which are black and beautiful - and take great effect on those who
88served the Queen when she was on the throne.&amp;nbsp; She lives like a queen,
89and the King accompanies her to Mass - and everywhere.'
90&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
91&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;And the French ambassador contradicts Anne's
92enemies; he reports that she is controlled by the king:&lt;/font&gt;
93&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'....all that the Lady does is by the king's order.'
94&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
95&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;The Imperial ambassador, Eustace Chapuys, described circumstances in early 1533 to his master, Charles V:&lt;/font&gt;
96&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'Your Majesty must root out the Lady and her adherents.... This accursed
97Anne has her foot in the stirrup, and will do the Queen and the Princess
98all the harm she can.&amp;nbsp; She has boasted that she will make the Princess
99her lady-in-waiting, or marry her to some varlet.'
100&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
101&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;Chapuys describes Anne's attendance
102at Mass on 14 April 1533:&lt;/font&gt;
103&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'It looks like a dream, and even those who take her part know not whether
104to laugh or to cry.'
105&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
106&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;Henry and Anne's conversation at
107her coronation procession was reported by Chapuys:&lt;/font&gt;
108&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'How liked you the look of the City?' Henry asked.
109&lt;br&gt;Anne replied, 'Sir, I liked the City well enough - but I saw a great
110many caps on heads, and heard but few tongues.'
111&lt;br&gt;&amp;nbsp;
112&lt;p&gt;&lt;b&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;#990000&quot;&gt;Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury,
113was Anne's friend and champion.&amp;nbsp; When news reached him of her arrest,
114he bravely wrote to Henry VIII protesting - only to think better of offending
115Henry.&amp;nbsp; Cranmer added a suitably apologetic postscript to the letter.&amp;nbsp;
116Here are excerpts in which he describes Anne:&lt;/font&gt;
117&lt;br&gt;&lt;/b&gt;'If it be true that is openly reported of the Queen's Grace... I am
118in such perplexity that my mind is clean amazed; for I never had better
119opinion in woman than I had in her; which maketh me to think that she should
120not be culpable...&amp;nbsp; Next to Your Grace, I was most bound to her of
121all creatures living... I wish and pray for her that she may declare herself
122inculpable and innocent... I loved her not a little for the love which
123I judged her to bear towards God and His Gospel.'
124   
125    &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;
126    &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;
127    &lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=1&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fenglishhistory.net%2ftudor%2fmonarchs%2fboleyn.html&quot;&gt;
128    &lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;to the Anne
129    Boleyn website&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/p&gt;
130    &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=1&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fenglishhistory.net%2ftudor%2fprimary.html&quot;&gt;
131    &lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;to Primary Sources&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
132    &lt;/tr&gt;
133  &lt;/table&gt;
134  &lt;/center&gt;
135&lt;/div&gt;
136
137
138
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141</Content>
142</Section>
143</Archive>
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