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5  <Description>
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12    <Metadata name="Language">en</Metadata>
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14    <Metadata name="Title">Primary Sources: The last letter of Sir Thomas More, 1535</Metadata>
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28
29&lt;div align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;
30  &lt;center&gt;
31  &lt;table border=&quot;0&quot; cellpadding=&quot;0&quot; cellspacing=&quot;4&quot; width=&quot;94%&quot;&gt;
32    &lt;tr&gt;
33      &lt;td valign=&quot;bottom&quot; colspan=&quot;3&quot;&gt;
34      &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;br&gt;
35      &lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;
36&lt;img border=&quot;0&quot; src=&quot;_httpdocimg_/primore.gif&quot; width=&quot;527&quot; height=&quot;70&quot;&gt;&lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/td&gt;
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38    &lt;tr&gt;
39      &lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
40      &lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
41      &lt;td&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
42    &lt;/tr&gt;
43    &lt;tr&gt;
44      &lt;td valign=&quot;top&quot; width=&quot;48%&quot; bgcolor=&quot;#FFFFE8&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;
45    &lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;
46    &lt;img border=&quot;0&quot; src=&quot;_httpdocimg_/moresketch1.jpg&quot; alt=&quot;Holbein's sketch of Thomas More&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; width=&quot;175&quot; height=&quot;236&quot;&gt;Th&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font size=-1&gt;e
47    following letter was written to More's daughter Margaret on 5 July 1535, the
48    day before his execution.&amp;nbsp; More wrote with a stick of charcoal on
49    cloth; King Henry VIII had ordered his books and writing materials to be
50    removed.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;
51    &lt;font size=&quot;-1&quot;&gt;More had been appointed Lord Chancellor upon
52    &lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=1&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fenglishhistory.net%2ftudor%2fpriwols1.html&quot;&gt;Wolsey's fall&lt;/a&gt; in
53    1529.&amp;nbsp; He was already a respected philosopher and writer throughout
54    Europe.&amp;nbsp; But to his English contemporaries, he was most famous as a
55    lawyer.&amp;nbsp; He was a brilliant jurist; he served in parliament and on
56    diplomatic missions.&amp;nbsp; Unlike most royal servants, he had unimpeachable
57    integrity.&amp;nbsp; He could not be bribed.&amp;nbsp; He believed, above all else,
58    in the impartial supremacy of the law.&amp;nbsp; As Chancellor, he worked
59    industriously to promote justice and faith in the courts.&amp;nbsp; However, he
60    resigned in 1532 when the king's determination to annul his marriage to
61    Katharine of Aragon caused Henry to reject papal authority in England.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;
62    &lt;font size=&quot;-1&quot;&gt;More was deeply pious.&amp;nbsp; He recognized the abuses of the
63    Catholic church, but he believed it could reform itself from within.&amp;nbsp;
64    He could not accept spiritual reformation via secular power.&amp;nbsp; As a
65    young man, he had been torn between a career in the church and a career in
66    law.&amp;nbsp; Though he had chosen the latter, he never lost his passion for
67    theology.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;
68    &lt;font size=&quot;-1&quot;&gt;After resigning the chancellorship, More retired to his
69    family home.&amp;nbsp; He attempted to live modestly and quietly, hoping to be
70    left alone.&amp;nbsp; But he was too famous and respected to be forgotten.&amp;nbsp;
71    Henry VIII knew that his controversial reformation would be far more
72    credible if men such as More accepted it.&amp;nbsp; As the premier intellectual
73    in England, More's opinion was too important to remain his own.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;
74    &lt;font size=&quot;-1&quot;&gt;It should be noted that More accepted parliament's ability
75    to decide the succession in favor of the king's children with Anne Boleyn,
76    for it was a legal issue and parliament was within rights to decide it.&amp;nbsp;
77    However, he would not take an oath recognizing Henry's position as Supreme
78    Head of a new English church.&amp;nbsp; He simply could not repudiate the
79    spiritual authority of the papacy.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p&gt;
80    &lt;font size=&quot;-1&quot;&gt;And so he was arrested in the spring of 1534.&amp;nbsp; He was
81    kept in the Tower of London for over a year, under increasingly harsh
82    conditions.&amp;nbsp; The king hoped that imprisonment would alter More's
83    disposition.&amp;nbsp; It did not.&amp;nbsp; More was finally charged with high
84    treason and tried at Westminster on 1 July 1533.&amp;nbsp; Despite his brilliant
85    defense, he was found guilty and executed on 6 July.&amp;nbsp; The news shocked
86    all of Europe.&amp;nbsp; It remains the most famous example of judicial murder
87    during Henry's reign.&amp;nbsp; More was later canonized by the Catholic church.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
88      &lt;td width=&quot;4%&quot;&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
89      &lt;td valign=&quot;top&quot; width=&quot;48%&quot;&gt;Our Lord bless you, good daughter, and your good husband, and
90your little boy, and all yours, and all my children, and all my god-children
91and all our friends. Recommend me when ye may to my good daughter Cecily,
92whom I beseech Our Lord to comfort; and I send her my blessing and to all
93her children, and pray her to pray for me. I send her a handkercher, and
94God comfort my good son, her husband. My good daughter Daunce hath the
95picture in parchment that you delivered me from my Lady Coniers, her name
96on the back. Show her that I heartily pray her that you may send it in
97my name to her again, for a token from me to pray for me.
98&lt;p&gt;I like special well Dorothy Colly. I pray you be good unto her. I would
99wot whether this be she that you wrote me of. If not, yet I pray you be
100good to the other as you may in her affliction, and to my good daughter
101Jane Aleyn too. Give her, I pray you, some kind answer, for she sued hitherto
102me this day to pray you be good to her.
103&lt;p&gt;I cumber you, good Margaret, much, but I would be sorry if it should
104be any longer than to-morrow, for it is St. Thomas's even, and the utas
105of St. Peter; and therefore, to-morrow long I to go to God. It were a day
106very meet and convenient for me.
107&lt;p&gt;I never liked your manner towards me better than when you kissed me
108last; for I love when daughterly love and dear charity hath no leisure
109to look to worldly courtesy. Farewell, my dear child, and pray for me,
110and I shall for you and all your friends, that we may merrily meet in heaven.
111I thank you for your great cost. I send now my good daughter Clement her
112algorism stone, and I send her and my godson and all hers God's blessing
113and mine. I pray you at time convenient recommend me to my good son John
114More. I liked well his natural fashion. Our Lord bless him and his good
115wife, my loving daughter, to whom I pray him to be good, as he hath great
116cause; and that, if the land of mine come to his hands, he break not my
117will concerning his sister Daunce. And the Lord bless Thomas and Austin,
118and all that they shall have.&lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;
119      &lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;
120      &lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=1&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fenglishhistory.net%2ftudor%2fcitizens%2fmore.html&quot;&gt;to the Thomas
121      More website&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;p align=&quot;center&quot;&gt;&lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=1&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fenglishhistory.net%2ftudor%2fprimary.html&quot;&gt;
122    &lt;font size=&quot;2&quot;&gt;to Primary Sources&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
123    &lt;/tr&gt;
124  &lt;/table&gt;
125  &lt;/center&gt;
126&lt;/div&gt;
127
128
129
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132</Content>
133</Section>
134</Archive>
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