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Tipple reborn after Chris's Summer of Code 2013

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37  <Content>&lt;h2&gt;Assembly Ground of Parawhau Tribe&lt;/h2&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;In a little bay of land near where the Nurses' Home of the &lt;em&gt;Whangarei &lt;/em&gt;Base Hospital is now situated, was the assembly ground of the &lt;em&gt;Parawhau &lt;/em&gt;tribe. This was the important gathering place where the chiefs were selected, and where they prepared for battle - making decisions as to their plans of attack and practicing their &lt;em&gt;haka.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;The &lt;em&gt;haka &lt;/em&gt;was a significant part of an attack, and was usually performed in some convenient &lt;span style=&amp;quot;letter-spacing: 0.3pt&amp;quot;&gt;position at the foot of a &lt;em&gt;pa &lt;/em&gt;that was being raided, just before an assault was made. A &lt;em&gt;haka &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/span&gt;served two purposes - firstly to stir up the lust for battle and intensify the desire for revenge, and &lt;span style=&amp;quot;letter-spacing: 0.3pt&amp;quot;&gt;secondly to put the fear of death into the hearts of the defenders. So the practicing of their &lt;/span&gt;actions and battle cries was of great importance to the warriors.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;Just alongside the assembly ground and around the area now known as Silverstream, were some of the &lt;em&gt;Parawhau's &lt;/em&gt;ancient places of residence, which were still occupied when the first &lt;em&gt;Pakeha, &lt;/em&gt;William Carruth, settled in &lt;em&gt;Whangarei &lt;/em&gt;in 1839.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;em&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;Kirikiri &lt;/span&gt;&lt;/em&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;Stream runs through this area, right back to the foot of the hills, which were then covered with dense bush, and when the &lt;em&gt;Parawhau &lt;/em&gt;warriors returned from their wars, they used to drag &lt;span style=&amp;quot;letter-spacing: 0.2pt&amp;quot;&gt;their canoes up this creek which was much deeper than it is now, and hide them in tile bush &lt;/span&gt;until required for their next battle.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;Near this spot was a secret &lt;em&gt;torere, &lt;/em&gt;or cave, where the &lt;em&gt;Parawhau &lt;/em&gt;used to keep their valuable possessions safe from the eyes of marauding tribes. Along the ridge running from the hospital to Black Quarry up to &lt;em&gt;Puriri &lt;/em&gt;Park Road was the fortified area, where the women and children were hidden in times of attack while the men did battle with the enemy.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'; letter-spacing: 0.05pt&amp;quot;&gt;Before the site of the present &lt;em&gt;Whangarei &lt;/em&gt;Base Hospital was bought from George Clark-Walker &lt;/span&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;in 1898, it had, of course, belonged to the &lt;em&gt;Maoris, &lt;/em&gt;and he had negotiated for its purchase with the leading chiefs who included &lt;em&gt;Taurau, Tito &lt;/em&gt;and &lt;em&gt;Whareumu.&lt;/em&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;The chiefs' decision to sell was one involving long and earnest discussions lasting many days and nights, for on this site was their sacred &lt;em&gt;wahitapu, &lt;/em&gt;where the precious bones of their ancestors lay.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt; &lt;/p&gt;&lt;p style=&amp;quot;margin: 6pt 0cm&amp;quot; class=&amp;quot;MsoNormal&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;Eventually, they decided that they would sell but not until all ceremonial rites had been observed and they had transferred the bones of their &lt;em&gt;tupuna &lt;/em&gt;to the &lt;em&gt;Ruarangi &lt;/em&gt;Caves. Although the &lt;em&gt;tapu &lt;/em&gt;was lifted from the site, even in comparatively recent times, no &lt;em&gt;Maori &lt;/em&gt;would go to the original TB Shelter because it was built on a &lt;em&gt;wahitapu. &lt;/em&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p style=&amp;quot;margin: 6pt 0cm&amp;quot; class=&amp;quot;MsoNormal&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt; &lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;When Wilsons Portland Cement bought the &lt;em&gt;Ruarangi &lt;/em&gt;Caves 1965, the bones were again removed to another burial site.&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p style=&amp;quot;margin: 6pt 0cm&amp;quot; class=&amp;quot;MsoNormal&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&amp;quot;font-size: 10pt; font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;font color=&amp;quot;#000000&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Reference: Florence Keene, &lt;em&gt;Tai Tokerau&lt;/em&gt;, Northland Room, Whangarei Library&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/p&gt;</Content>
38</Section>
39</Archive>
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