Changeset 29718

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Timestamp:
05.02.2015 16:42:41 (5 years ago)
Author:
ak19
Message:

Updating other affected collections after change to wvware config file wvHtml.xml to convert justified text in input word docs to justified text in output HTML, instead of being output as left-aligned html.

Location:
other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect
Files:
46 modified

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  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/archives/HASH019c.dir/doc.xml

    r29015 r29718  
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    2727    <Metadata name="dc.Title">Applications for Bibliometric Research in the Emerging Digital Libraries</Metadata> 
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  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/archives/HASH0791.dir/doc.xml

    r29015 r29718  
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  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/archives/HASH1a9c.dir/doc.xml

    r29015 r29718  
    99    <Metadata name="Author">Bronwyn</Metadata> 
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  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/archives/HASH8bbe.dir/doc.xml

    r29015 r29718  
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  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/archives/HASHeaa2.dir/doc.xml

    r29015 r29718  
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  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/archives/HASHeaa2/9d2e0811.dir/doc.xml

    r29015 r29718  
    99    <Metadata name="GENERATOR">wvWare/wvWare version 1.2.4</Metadata> 
    1010    <Metadata name="Title">Greenstone: A Comprehensive Open-Source</Metadata> 
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    130130&lt;/table&gt; 
    131131 
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    133  
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     133 
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    138138 
    139139 
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     141 
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    158158 
    159159 
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    161  
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     161 
     162&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    163163This paper describes the Greenstone digital library software, a comprehensive, open-source system for the construction and presentation of information collections. Collections built with Greenstone offer effective full-text searching and metadata-based browsing facilities that are attractive and easy to use. Moreover, they are easily maintainable and can be augmented and rebuilt entirely automatically. The system is extensible: software &amp;ldquo;plugins&amp;rdquo; accommodate different document and metadata types. 
    164164&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    174174 
    175175 
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    177  
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     177 
     178&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    179179Notwithstanding intense research activity in the digital library field during the second half of the 1990s, comprehensive software systems for creating digital libraries are not widely available. In fact, the usual solution when creating a digital library is also the most obvious&amp;mdash;just put it on the Web. But consider how much effort is involved in constructing a Web site for a digital library. To be effective it needs to be visually attractive and ergonomically easy to use, incorporate convenient and powerful searching capabilities, and offer rich and natural browsing facilities. Above all it must be easy to maintain and augment, which presents a significant challenge if any manual organization is involved.  
    180180&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    182182 
    183183 
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    185  
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     185 
     186&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    187187The alternative is to automate these activities through software tools. But the broad scope of digital library requirements makes this a daunting prospect. Ideally the software should incorporate facilities ranging from multilingual information retrieval to distributed computing protocols, from interoperability to search engine technology, from metadata standards to multiformat document parsing, from multimedia to multiple operating systems, from Web browsers to plug-and-play DVDs.  
    188188&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    190190 
    191191 
    192 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     193 
     194&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    195195The Greenstone Digital Library Software from the New Zealand Digital Library (NZDL) project tackles this issue by providing a new way of organizing information and making it available over the Internet. A &lt;i&gt;collection&lt;/i&gt; of information comprises several (typically several thousand, or several million) &lt;i&gt;documents&lt;/i&gt;, and a uniform interface is provided to all documents in a collection. A library may include many different collections, each organized differently&amp;mdash;though there is a strong family resemblance in how collections are presented. 
    196196&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    198198 
    199199 
    200 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     201 
     202&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    203203Making information available using this system is far more than &amp;ldquo;just putting it on the Web.&amp;rdquo; The collection becomes maintainable, searchable, and browsable. Each collection, prior to presentation, undergoes a &amp;ldquo;building&amp;rdquo; process that, once established, is completely automatic. This process creates all the structures that are used at run-time for accessing the collection. Searching is based on various indexes, while browsing is based on various metadata; support structures for both are created during the building operation. When new material appears it can be fully incorporated into the collection by rebuilding. 
    204204&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     209 
     210&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    211211To address the exceptionally broad demands of digital libraries, the system is public and extensible. It is issued under the Gnu public license and, in the spirit of open-source software, users are invited to contribute modifications and enhancements. Only through an international cooperative effort will digital library software become sufficiently comprehensive to meet the world's needs. Currently the Greenstone software is used at sites in Canada, Germany, New Zealand, Romania, UK, and the US, and collections range from newspaper articles to technical documents, from educational journals to oral history, from visual art to folksongs. The software has been used for collections in many different languages, and for CD-ROMs that have been published by the United Nations and other humanitarian agencies in Belgium, France, Japan, and the US for distribution in developing countries (Humanity Libraries, 1998; PAHO, 1999; UNESCO, 1999; UNU, 1998). Further details can be obtained from &lt;i&gt;www.nzdl.org&lt;/i&gt;. 
    212212&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    230230 
    231231 
    232 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    235235This paper sets the scene with a brief discussion of what a digital library is. We then give an overview of the facilities offered by Greenstone and show how end users find information in collections. Next we describe the files and directories involved in a collection, and then discuss the processes of updating existing collections and creating new ones, including extending the software to provide new facilities. We conclude with an overview of related work. 
    236236&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    246246 
    247247 
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    251251Ten definitions of the term &amp;ldquo;digital library&amp;rdquo; have been culled from the literature by Fox (1998), and their spirit is captured in the following brief characterization:  
    252252&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    262262 
    263263 
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     265 
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    267267(Akscyn and Witten, 1998). Lesk (1998) views digital libraries as &amp;ldquo;organized collections of digital information,&amp;rdquo; and wisely recommends that they articulate the principles governing what is included and how the collection is organized. 
    268268&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    270270 
    271271 
    272 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     274&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    275275Digital libraries are generally distinguished from the World-Wide Web, the essential difference being in selection and organization. But they are not generally distinguished from a web &lt;i&gt;site&lt;/i&gt;: indeed, virtually all extant digital libraries manifest themselves as a web site. Hence the obvious question: to make a digital library, why not just put the information on the Web?  
    276276&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    278278 
    279279 
    280 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    281  
    282 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     280&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     281 
     282&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    283283But we make a distinction between a digital library and a web site that lies at the heart of our software design: one should easily be able to add new material to a library without having to integrate it manually or edit its content in any way. Once added, new material should immediately become a first-class component of the library. And what permits it to be integrated into existing searching and browsing structures without any manual intervention is &lt;i&gt;metadata&lt;/i&gt;. This provides sufficient focus to the concept of &amp;ldquo;digital library&amp;rdquo; to support the development of a construction kit. 
    284284&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    294294 
    295295 
    296 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     297 
     298&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    299299Information collections built by Greenstone combine extensive full-text search facilities with browsing indexes based on different metadata types. There are several ways for users to find information, although they differ between collections depending on the metadata available and the collection design. Typically you can &lt;i&gt;search for particular words&lt;/i&gt; that appear in the text, or within a section of a document, or within a title or section heading. You can &lt;i&gt;browse documents by title&lt;/i&gt;: just click on the displayed book icon to read it. You can &lt;i&gt;browse documents by subject&lt;/i&gt;. Subjects are represented by bookshelves: just click on a shelf to see the books. Where appropriate, documents come complete with a table of contents (constructed automatically): you can click on a chapter or subsection to open it, expand the full table of contents, or expand the full document.  
    300300&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    302302 
    303303 
    304 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     306&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    307307An example of searching is shown in Figure 1 where documents in the Global Help Project's Humanity Development Library (HDL) are being searched for chapters matching the word &lt;i&gt;butterfly&lt;/i&gt;. In Figure 2 the same collection is being browsed by subject: by clicking on the bookshelf icons the user has discovered an item under Section 16, Animal Husbandry. Pursuing an interest in butterfly farming, the user selects a book by clicking on its book icon. In Figure 3 the front cover of the book is displayed as a graphic on the left, and the automatically constructed table of contents appears at the start of the document. The current focus, &lt;i&gt;Introduction and Summary&lt;/i&gt;, is shown in bold in the table of contents with its text starting further down the page. 
    308308&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    310310 
    311311 
    312 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     314&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    315315In accordance with Lesk's advice, a statement of purpose and coverage accompanies each collection, along with an explanation of how it is organized (Figure 1 shows the start of this). A distinction is made between &lt;i&gt;searching&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;browsing&lt;/i&gt;. Searching is full-text, and&amp;mdash;depending on the collection's design&amp;mdash;the user can choose between indexes built from different parts of the documents, or from different metadata. Some collections have an index of full documents, an index of sections, an index of paragraphs, an index of titles, and an index of section headings, each of which can be searched for particular words or phrases. Browsing involves data structures created from metadata that the user can examine: lists of authors, lists of titles, lists of dates, hierarchical classification structures, and so on. Data structures for both browsing and searching are built according to instructions in a configuration file, which controls both building and serving the collection. Sample configuration files are discussed below. 
    316316&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    323323 
    324324&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     344&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    347347Rich browsing facilities can be provided by manually linking parts of documents together and building explicit indexes and tables of contents. However, manually-created linking becomes difficult to maintain, and often falls into disrepair when a collection expands. The Greenstone software takes a different tack: it facilitates &lt;i&gt;maintainability&lt;/i&gt; by creating all searching and browsing structures automatically from the documents themselves. No links are inserted by hand. This means that when new documents in the same format become available, they can be added automatically. Indeed, for some collections this is done by processes that wake up regularly, scout for new material, and rebuild the indexes&amp;mdash;all without manual intervention. 
    348348&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    350350 
    351351 
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     354&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    355355Collections comprise many documents: thousands, tens of thousands, or even millions. Each document may be hierarchically organized into &lt;i&gt;sections&lt;/i&gt; (subsections, sub-subsections, and so on). Each section comprises one or more &lt;i&gt;paragraphs&lt;/i&gt;. Metadata such as author, title, date, keywords, and so on, may be associated with documents, or with individual sections of documents. This is the raw material for indexes. It must either be provided explicitly for each document and section (for example, in an accompanying spreadsheet) or be derivable automatically from the source documents. Metadata is converted to Dublin Core and stored with the document for internal use. 
    356356&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    358358 
    359359 
    360 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    362 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     360&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     361 
     362&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    363363In order to accommodate different kinds of source documents, the software is organized so that &amp;ldquo;plugins&amp;rdquo; can be written for new document types. Plugins exist for plain text documents, HTML documents, email documents, and bibliographic formats. Word documents are handled by saving them as HTML; PostScript ones by applying a preprocessor (Nevill-Manning &lt;i&gt;et al&lt;/i&gt;., 1998). Specially written plugins also exist for proprietary formats such as that used by the BBC archives department. A collection may have source documents in different forms: it is just a matter of specifying all the necessary plugins. In order to build browsing indexes from metadata, an analogous scheme of &amp;ldquo;classifiers&amp;rdquo; is used: classifiers create indexes of various kinds based on metadata. Source documents are brought into the Greenstone system through a process called &lt;i&gt;importing&lt;/i&gt;, which uses the plugins and classifiers specified in the collection configuration file.  
    364364&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    366366 
    367367 
    368 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    371371The international Unicode character set is used throughout, so documents&amp;mdash;and interfaces&amp;mdash;can be written in any language. Collections have so far been produced in English, French, Spanish, German, Maori, Chinese, and Arabic. The NZDL Web site provides numerous examples. Collections can contain text, pictures, and even audio and video clips; a text-only version of the interface is also provided to accommodate visually impaired users. Compression technology is used to ensure best use of storage (Witten &lt;i&gt;et al&lt;/i&gt;., 1999). Most non-textual material is either linked to textual documents or accompanied by textual descriptions (such as photo captions) to allow full-text searching and browsing. However, the architecture permits the implementation of plugins and classifiers even for non-textual data. 
    372372&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    374374 
    375375 
    376 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     376&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    379379The system includes an &amp;ldquo;administrative&amp;rdquo; function whereby specified users can examine the composition of all collections, protect documents so that they can only be accessed by registered users on presentation of a password, and so on. Logs of user activity are kept that record all queries made to every Greenstone collection (though this facility can be disabled). 
    380380&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    382382 
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    384 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     384&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     385 
     386&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    387387Although primarily designed for Internet access over the World-Wide Web, collections can be made available, in precisely the same form, on CD-ROM. In either case they are accessed through any Web browser. Greenstone CD-ROMs operate on a standalone PC under Windows 3.X, 95, 98, and NT, and the interaction is identical to accessing the collection on the Web&amp;mdash;except that response is faster and more predictable. The requirement to operate on early Windows systems is one that plagues the software design, but is crucial for many users&amp;mdash;particularly those in underdeveloped countries seeking access to humanitarian aid collections. If the PC is connected to a network (intranet or Internet), a custom-built Web server provided on each CD makes exactly the same information available to others through their standard Web browser. The use of compression ensures that the greatest possible volume of information can be packed on to a CD-ROM. 
    388388&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    392 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     394&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    395395The collection-serving software operates under Unix and Windows NT, and works with standard Web servers. A flexible process structure allows different collections to be served by different computers, yet be presented to the user in the same way, on the same Web page, as part of the same digital library, even as part of the same collection (McNab and Witten, 1998). Existing collections can be updated and new ones brought on-line at any time, without bringing the system down; the process responsible for the user interface will notice (through periodic polling) when new collections appear and add them to the list presented to the user.  
    396396&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     426&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    427427Greenstone digital library systems generally include several separate collections. A home page allows you to select a collection; in addition, each collection has its own &amp;ldquo;about&amp;rdquo; page that gives you information about how the collection is organized and the principles governing what is included. 
    428428&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     433 
     434&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    435435All icons in the screenshots of Figures 1-4 are clickable. Those icons at the top of the page return to the home page, provide help text, and allow you to set user interface and searching preferences. The navigation bar underneath gives access to the searching and browsing facilities, which differ from one collection to another.  
    436436&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    438438 
    439439 
    440 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    441  
    442 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     440&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     441 
     442&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    443443Each of the five buttons provides a different way to find information. You can &lt;i&gt;search for particular words&lt;/i&gt; that appear in the text from the &amp;ldquo;search&amp;rdquo; page (or from the &amp;ldquo;about&amp;rdquo; page of Figure 1). This collection contains indexes of chapters, section titles, and entire books. The default search interface is a simple one, suitable for casual users; advanced searching&amp;mdash;which allows full Boolean expressions, phrase searching, case and stemming control&amp;mdash;can be enabled from the &lt;i&gt;Preferences&lt;/i&gt; page. 
    444444&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    446446 
    447447 
    448 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    449  
    450 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     448&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     449 
     450&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    451451This collection has four browsable metadata indexes. You can &lt;i&gt;access publications by subject&lt;/i&gt; by clicking the &lt;i&gt;subjects&lt;/i&gt; button, which brings up a list of subjects, represented by bookshelves (Figure 2). You can &lt;i&gt;access publications by title&lt;/i&gt; by clicking &lt;i&gt;titles a-z&lt;/i&gt; (Figure 4), which brings up a list of books in alphabetic order. You can &lt;i&gt;access publications by organization&lt;/i&gt; (i.e. Dublin Core &amp;ldquo;publisher&amp;rdquo;), bringing up a list of organizations. You can &lt;i&gt;access publications by &amp;ldquo;how to&amp;rdquo; listing&lt;/i&gt;, yielding a list of hints defined by the collection's editors. We use the Dublin Core as a base and extend it in an &lt;i&gt;ad hoc&lt;/i&gt; manner to accommodate the individual requirements of collection designers. 
    452452&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    462462 
    463463 
    464 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    465  
    466 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     464&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     465 
     466&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    467467When a new collection is created or material is added to an existing one, the original source documents are first brought into the system through a process known as &amp;ldquo;importing.&amp;rdquo; This involves converting documents into a simple HTML-like format known as GML (for &amp;ldquo;Greenstone Markup Language&amp;rdquo;), which includes any metadata associated with the document. Documents are assumed to be in the Unicode UTF-8 code (of which the ASCII characters form a subset).  
    468468&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    478478 
    479479 
    480 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    481  
    482 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     480&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     481 
     482&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    483483There is a separate directory for each collection, which contains five subdirectories: the original raw material (&lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt;), the GML files created from this (&lt;i&gt;archives&lt;/i&gt;), the final collection as it is served to users (&lt;i&gt;index&lt;/i&gt;), a directory for use during the building process (&lt;i&gt;building&lt;/i&gt;), and one for any supporting files (&lt;i&gt;etc&lt;/i&gt;)&amp;mdash;including the configuration file that controls the collection creation procedure. Additional files might be required: for example, building a hierarchy of classifications requires a data file of sub-classifications. 
    484484&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    494494 
    495495 
    496 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    497  
    498 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     496&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     497 
     498&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    499499In order to identify documents internally, a unique object identifier or OID is assigned to each original source document when it is imported (formed by hashing the content, to overcome file duplication effects caused by mirroring) and stored as metadata within that document. It is important that OIDs persist throughout the index-building process&amp;mdash;so that a user's search history is unaffected by rebuilding the collection. OIDs are assigned by hashing the contents of the original source document. 
    500500&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    502502 
    503503 
    504 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    505  
    506 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     504&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     505 
     506&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    507507Once imported, each document is stored in its own subdirectory of &lt;i&gt;archives&lt;/i&gt;, along with any associated files&amp;mdash;for example, images. To ensure compatibility with Windows 3.0, only eight characters are used in directory and file names, which causes annoying but essentially trivial complications. 
    508508&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    518518 
    519519 
    520 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    521  
    522 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     520&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     521 
     522&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    523523The GML format imposes a limited amount of structure on documents. Documents are divided into paragraphs. They can be split hierarchically into sections and subsections. OIDs are extended to identify these components by appending numbers, separated by periods, to a document's OID. When a book is read, its section hierarchy is visible as the table of contents (Figure 3). Chapters, sections, subsections, and pages are all implemented simply as &amp;ldquo;sections&amp;rdquo; within the document. In some collections documents do not have a hierarchical subsection structure, but are split into pages to permit browsing within a retrieved document. 
    524524&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    526526 
    527527 
    528 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    529  
    530 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     528&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     529 
     530&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    531531The document structure is used for searchable indexes. There are three levels of index: &lt;i&gt;documents&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;sections&lt;/i&gt;, and &lt;i&gt;paragraphs&lt;/i&gt;, corresponding to the distinctions that GML makes&amp;mdash;the hierarchical structure is flattened for the purposes of creating these indexes. Indexes can be of text, or metadata, or any combination. Thus you can create a searchable index of section titles, and/or authors, and/or document descriptions, as well as the document text. 
    532532&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    558558 
    559559 
    560 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    561  
    562 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     560&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     561 
     562&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    563563Updating an existing collection with new files in the same format is easy. For example, the raw material for the HDL is supplied in the form of HTML files marked up with &amp;lt;&amp;lt;TOC&amp;gt;&amp;gt; tags to split books into sections and subsections, and &amp;lt;&amp;lt;I&amp;gt;&amp;gt; tags to indicate where an image is to be inserted. For each book in the library there is a directory that contains a single HTML file representing the book, and separate files containing the associated images. An accompanying spreadsheet file contains the classification hierarchy; this is converted to a simple file format (using Excel's &lt;i&gt;Save As&lt;/i&gt; command). 
    564564&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    566566 
    567567 
    568 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    569  
    570 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     568&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     569 
     570&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    571571Since the collection exists, its directory is already set up with subdirectories &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;archives&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;building&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;index&lt;/i&gt;, and &lt;i&gt;etc&lt;/i&gt;, and the &lt;i&gt;etc&lt;/i&gt; directory will contain a suitable collection configuration file.  
    572572&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    582582 
    583583 
    584 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    585  
    586 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     584&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     585 
     586&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    587587To update a collection, the new raw material is placed in the &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; directory, in whatever form it is available. Then the &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; process is invoked, which converts the files into GML using the specified plugins. Old material for which GML files have previously been created is not re-imported. Then the &lt;i&gt;build&lt;/i&gt; process is invoked to build the requisite indexes for the collection. Finally, the contents of the &lt;i&gt;building&lt;/i&gt; directory are moved into the &lt;i&gt;index&lt;/i&gt; directory, and the new version of the collection automatically becomes live. 
    588588&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    590590 
    591591 
    592 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    593  
    594 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     592&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     593 
     594&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    595595This procedure may seem cumbersome. But all the steps are necessary for efficient operation with large collections. The &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; process could be performed on the fly during the building operation&amp;mdash;but because building indexes is a multipass operation, the often lengthy importing would be repeated several times. The &lt;i&gt;build&lt;/i&gt; process can take considerable time&amp;mdash;a day or two, for very large collections. Consequently, the results are placed in the &lt;i&gt;building&lt;/i&gt; directory so that, if the collection already exists, it will continue to be served to users in its old form throughout the building operation. 
    596596&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    598598 
    599599 
    600 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    601  
    602 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     600&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     601 
     602&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    603603Active users of the collection will not be disturbed when the new version becomes live&amp;mdash;they will probably not even notice. The persistent OIDs ensure that interactions remain coherent&amp;mdash;users who are examining the results of a query or browse operation will still retrieve the expected documents&amp;mdash;and if a search is actually in progress when the change takes place the program detects the resulting file-structure inconsistency and automatically and transparently re-executes the query, this time on the new version of the collection.  
    604604&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    614614 
    615615 
    616 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    617  
    618 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     616&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     617 
     618&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    619619The original material in the &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; directory may be in any format, and plugins are required to process each format type. The plugins that a collection uses must be specified in the collection configuration file. The &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; program reads the list of plugins and passes each document to each plugin in order until it finds one that can process it. When updating an existing collection, all plugins necessary to process new material should already have been specified in the configuration file.  
    620620&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    622622 
    623623 
    624 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    625  
    626 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     624&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     625 
     626&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    627627The building step creates the indexes for both searching and browsing. The MG software is generally used to do the searching (Witten &lt;i&gt;et al.&lt;/i&gt;, 1999), and the &lt;i&gt;mgbuild&lt;/i&gt; module is automatically invoked to create each of the indexes that is required. For example, the Humanity Development Library has three indexes, one for entire books, one for chapters, and one for section titles. Subdirectories of the &lt;i&gt;index&lt;/i&gt; directory are created for each of these indexes. 
    628628&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16321632 
    16331633 
    1634 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1635  
    1636 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1634&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1635 
     1636&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16371637MG also compresses the text of the collection; and the image files are linked into the &lt;i&gt;index&lt;/i&gt; subdirectory. Now none of the material in the &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;archives&lt;/i&gt; directories is needed to run the collection and can be removed from the file system (though they would be needed if the collection were rebuilt). 
    16381638&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16401640 
    16411641 
    1642 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1643  
    1644 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1642&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1643 
     1644&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16451645Associated with each collection is a database stored in GDBM (Gnu database manager) format. This contains an entry for each document, giving its OID, its internal MG document number, and metadata such as title. Information for each of the browsing indexes, which appear as buttons on the Greenstone search/browse bar, is also extracted during the building process and stored in the database. A &amp;ldquo;classifier&amp;rdquo; program is required for each browsing index to extract the appropriate information from GML documents. Like plugins, classifiers are written on an &lt;i&gt;ad hoc&lt;/i&gt; basis for the particular information required, and where possible reused from one collection to another. 
    16461646&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16481648 
    16491649 
    1650 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1651  
    1652 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1650&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1651 
     1652&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16531653The building program creates the indexes based on whatever appears in the &lt;i&gt;archives&lt;/i&gt; directory. The first plugin specified by all collections is one that processes GML files, and so if &lt;i&gt;archives&lt;/i&gt; contains imported files they will be processed correctly. If it contains material in the original format, that will be converted using the appropriate plugin. Thus the import process is optional. 
    16541654&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16561656 
    16571657 
    1658 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1659  
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     1658&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1659 
     1660&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16611661GML is designed to be fast and easy to parse, an important requirement when millions of documents are to be processed. Something as simple as requiring tags to be lower-case, for example, yields a substantial speed-up. In certain circumstances, however, it might be preferable to use a standardized format such as XML. This is straightforward to implement_just write an XML plugin_although we have not done so ourselves. Given the transitory nature of the imported data, to date, we have found GML a satisfactory and beneficial format. 
    16621662&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16721672 
    16731673 
    1674 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1675  
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     1674&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1675 
     1676&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16771677Building new collections from scratch is only slightly different from updating an existing collection. The key new requirement is creating a collection configuration file, and a software utility is provided to help. Two pieces of information are required for this: the name of the directory that the collection will use (into which the source data and other files will eventually be placed), and a contact e-mail address for use if any problems are encountered by the software once the collection is up and running. The utility creates files and directories within the newly-named directory to support a generic collection of plain text documents. With suitable data placed in the &lt;i&gt;import&lt;/i&gt; directory, building the collection at this point will yield a document-level searchable index of all the text and a browsable list of &amp;ldquo;titles&amp;rdquo; (defined in this case to be the document filenames). 
    16781678&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16801680 
    16811681 
    1682 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1683  
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     1683 
     1684&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16851685To enhance the functionality and presentation&amp;mdash; something anything but the most trivial collection will require&amp;mdash;the configuration file must be edited. For a collection sourced from documents in an already supported data format, presented in a similar fashion to an existing collection, the amount of editing is minimal. Importing new data formats and browsing metadata in ways not currently supported are more complex activities that require programming skills. 
    16861686&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17121712 
    17131713 
    1714 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1715  
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     1714&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1715 
     1716&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17171717Figure 5b shows simple alterations to the generic configuration file in Figure 5a that was generated by the new-collection utility. &lt;i&gt;TEXTPlug&lt;/i&gt; is replaced with &lt;i&gt;EMAILPlug&lt;/i&gt; (line 7) which reads email files and extracts metadata (&lt;i&gt;From&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;To&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;Date&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;Subject&lt;/i&gt;) from them. A classifier for dates is added (line 10) to make the collection browsable chronologically. The default presentation of search results is overridden (line 17) to display both the title of the message (i.e. Dublin Core &lt;i&gt;Title&lt;/i&gt;) and its sender (i.e. Dublin Core &lt;i&gt;Author&lt;/i&gt;). Elements in square brackets, such as &lt;i&gt;[Title]&lt;/i&gt;, are replaced by the metadata associated with a particular document. The built-in term &lt;i&gt;[icon]&lt;/i&gt; produces a suitable image that represents the document (such as a book icon or page icon), and the &lt;i&gt;[link]&amp;hellip;[/link]&lt;/i&gt; construct forms a hyperlink to the complete document. Anything else in the format statement, which in this case is solely table-cell tags in HTML, is passed through to the page being displayed. 
    17181718&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17201720 
    17211721 
    1722 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1723  
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     1723 
     1724&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17251725As this example shows, creating a new collection that stays within the bounds of the library's established capabilities falls within the capability of many computer users&amp;mdash;for instance, computer-trained librarians. Extending Greenstone to handle new document formats and browse metadata in new ways is more challenging. 
    17261726&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17361736 
    17371737 
    1738 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1739  
    1740 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
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     1739 
     1740&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17411741Extensibility  is  obtained through  plugins  and  classifiers. 
    17421742&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17441744 
    17451745 
    1746 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1747  
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     1747 
     1748&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17491749These are modules of code that can be slotted into the system to enhance its capabilities. Plugins parse documents, extracting the text and metadata to be indexed. Classifiers control how metadata is brought together to form browsable data structures. Both are specified in an object-oriented framework using inheritance to minimize the amount of code written. 
    17501750&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17521752 
    17531753 
    1754 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1755  
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     1754&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1755 
     1756&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17571757A plugin must specify three things: what file formats it can handle, how they should be parsed, and whether the plugin is recursive. File formats are normally determined using regular expression matching on the filename. For example, the HTML plugin accepts all files that end in &lt;i&gt;.htm&lt;/i&gt;, .&lt;i&gt;html&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;.HTM&lt;/i&gt;, or &lt;i&gt;.HTML&lt;/i&gt;. (It is quite possible, however, to write plugins that &amp;ldquo;look inside&amp;rdquo; the file as well.) For other files, the plugin returns &lt;i&gt;undefined&lt;/i&gt; and the file is passed to the next plugin in the collection's configuration file (e.g. Figure 5 line 7). If it can, the plugin parses the file and returns the number of documents processed. This involves extracting text and metadata and adding it to the library's content through calls to &lt;i&gt;add text&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;add metadata&lt;/i&gt;.  
    17581758&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17601760 
    17611761 
    1762 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     1762&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1763 
     1764&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17651765Some plugins (&amp;ldquo;recursive&amp;rdquo; ones) add extra files into the stream of data processed during the building phase by artificially reactivating the list of plugins. This is how directory hierarchies are traversed.  
    17661766&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17681768 
    17691769 
    1770 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1771  
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     1771 
     1772&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17731773Plugins are small modules of code that are easy to write. We monitored the time it took to develop a new one that was different to any we had produced so far. We chose to make as an example a collection of HTML bookmark files, the motivation being to produce a convenient way of searching and browsing one's bookmarked Web pages. Figure 6 shows a user searching for bookmarked pages about &lt;i&gt;music&lt;/i&gt;. The new plugin took under an hour to write, and was 160 lines long (ignoring blank lines and comments)&amp;mdash;about the average length of existing plugins. 
    17741774&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17761776 
    17771777 
    1778 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     1778&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1779 
     1780&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17811781Classifiers are more general than plugins because they work on GML-format data. For example, any plugin that generates date metadata in accordance with the Dublin core can request the collection to be browsable chronologically by specifying the &lt;i&gt;DateList&lt;/i&gt; classifier in the collection's configuration file (Figure 7). Classifiers are more elaborate than most plugins, but new ones are seldom required. The average length of existing classifiers is 230 lines.  
    17821782&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17841784 
    17851785 
    1786 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1787  
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     1786&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1787 
     1788&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17891789Classifiers must specify three things: an initialization routine, how individual documents are classified, and the final browsable data structure. Initialization takes care of any options specified in the configuration file (such as &lt;i&gt;metadata=Title &lt;/i&gt;on line 9 of Figure 5b). Classifying individual documents is an iterative process: for each one, a call to &lt;i&gt;document-classify&lt;/i&gt; is made. On presentation of the document's OID, the necessary metadata is located and used to control where the document is added to the browsable data structure being constructed.  
    17901790&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17921792 
    17931793 
    1794 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     1794&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1795 
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    17971797Once all documents have been added, a request is made for the completed data structure. Some classifiers return the data structure directly; others transform the data structure before it is returned. For example, the &lt;i&gt;AZList&lt;/i&gt; classifier divides the alphabetically sorted list of metadata into separate pages of about the same size and returns the alphabetic ranges for each one (Figure 4). 
    17981798&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18241824 
    18251825 
    1826 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Plain Text&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.24mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     1827 
     1828&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    18291829Two projects that provide substantial open source digital library software are Dienst (Lagoze and Fielding, 1998) and Harvest (Bowman &lt;i&gt;et al.&lt;/i&gt;, 1994). The origins of Dienst (&lt;i&gt;www.cs.cornell.edu/cdlrg&lt;/i&gt;) stretch back to 1992. The term has come to represent three entities: a conceptual architecture for distributed digital libraries; an open protocol for service communication; and a software system that implements the protocol. To date, five sample digital libraries have been built using this technology. They manifest themselves in two forms: technical reports and primary source documents. 
    18301830&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18321832 
    18331833 
    1834 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Plain Text&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.24mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     1836&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    18371837Best known is NCSTRL, the Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library project (&lt;i&gt;www.ncstrl.org&lt;/i&gt;). This collection facilitates searching by title, author and abstract, and browsing by year and author, across a distributed network of document repositories. Documents can (where supported) be delivered in various formats such as PostScript, a thumbnail overview of the pages, and a GIF image of a particular page. 
    18381838&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18401840 
    18411841 
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    18451845The &lt;i&gt;Making of America&lt;/i&gt; resource is an example of a collection based around primary sources_in this case American social history, 1830−1900. It has a different &amp;ldquo;look and feel&amp;rdquo; to NCSTRL, being strongly oriented toward browsing rather than searching. A user navigates their way through a hierarchical structure of hyperlinks to reach a book of interest. The book itself is a series of scanned images: delivery options include going directly to a page number, next and previous page buttons, and displaying a particular page at different resolutions. A text version of the page is also available upon which a searching option is also provided. 
    18461846&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18481848 
    18491849 
    1850 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Plain Text&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    18531853Started in 1994, Harvest is also a long-running research project. It provides an efficient means of gathering source data from the Internet and distributing indexing information over the Internet. This is accomplished through five components: &lt;i&gt;gatherer&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;broker&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;indexer&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;replicator&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;cache&lt;/i&gt;. The first three are central to creating, updating and searching a collection; the last two help to improve performance over the Internet through transparent mirroring and caching techniques. 
    18541854&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18561856 
    18571857 
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     1859 
     1860&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    18611861The system is configurable and customizable. While searching is most commonly implemented using Glimpse (&lt;i&gt;glimpse.cs.arizona.edu&lt;/i&gt;), in principle any search engine that supports incremental updates and Boolean combinations of attribute-based queries can be used. It is possible to control what type of documents are gathered during creation and updating, and how the query interface looks and is laid out. 
    18621862&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18641864 
    18651865 
    1866 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Plain Text&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.24mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    18691869Sample collections cited by the developers include 21,000 computer science technical reports and 7,000 home pages. Other examples include a sizable collection of agriculture-related electronic journals and magazines called &amp;ldquo;tomato-juice&amp;rdquo; (accessed through &lt;i&gt;hegel.lib.ncsu.edu&lt;/i&gt;) and a full-text index of library-related electronic serials (&lt;i&gt;sunsite.berkeley.edu/IndexMorganagus&lt;/i&gt;). Harvest is also often used to index Web sites (for example &lt;i&gt;www.middlebury.edu&lt;/i&gt;). 
    18701870&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18721872 
    18731873 
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     1875 
     1876&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    18771877Comparing Greenstone with Dienst and Harvest, there are both similarities and differences. All provide substantial digital library systems, hence common themes recur, but they are driven by projects with different aims. Harvest, for instance, was not conceived as a digital library project at all, but by virtue of its selective document gathering process it can be classed (and is used) as one. While it provides sophisticated search options, it lacks the complementary service of browsing. Furthermore it adds no structure or order to the documents collected, relying on whatever structures are present in the site that they were gathered from. A proven strength of the design is its flexibility through configuration and customization_an element also present in Greenstone. 
    18781878&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18801880 
    18811881 
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    18851885Dienst_best exemplified through the NCSTRL work_supports searching and browsing, like Greenstone. Both use open protocols. Differences include a high reliance in Dienst on user-supplied information when a document is added, and a smaller range of document types supported&amp;mdash;although Dienst does include a document model that should, over time, allow this to expand with relative ease. 
    18861886&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    18881888 
    18891889 
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    18931893There are also commercial systems that provide similar digital library services to those described. However, since corporate culture instills proprietary attitudes there is little opportunity for advancement through a shared collaborative effort. Consequently they are not reviewed here. 
    18941894&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    19041904 
    19051905 
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    19091909Greenstone is a comprehensive software system for creating digital library collections. It builds data structures for searching and browsing from the material provided, rather than relying on any hand-crafting. The process is controlled by a configuration file, and once a collection exists new material can be added completely automatically. Browsing is based on Dublin Core metadata. 
    19101910&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    19171917New collections can be developed easily, particularly if they resemble existing ones. Extensibility is achieved through software &amp;ldquo;plugins&amp;rdquo; that can be written to accommodate documents, and metadata, in different formats. Standard plugins exist for many document types; new ones are easily written. Browsing is controlled by &amp;ldquo;classifiers&amp;rdquo; that process metadata into browsing structures (by date, alphabetical, hierarchical, etc). 
    19181918&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    19201920 
    19211921 
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    19251925However, the most powerful support for extensibility is achieved not by technical means but by making the source code freely available under the Gnu public license. Only through an international cooperative effort will digital library software become sufficiently comprehensive to meet the world's needs with the richness and flexibility that users deserve. 
    19261926&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    19361936 
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    19411941We gratefully acknowledge all those who have worked on the Greenstone software, and all members of the New Zealand Digital Library project for their enthusiasm and ideas. 
    19421942&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    19531953 
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    19581958Akscyn, R.M. and Witten, I.H. (1998) &amp;ldquo;Report on First Summit on International Cooperation on Digital Libraries.&amp;rdquo; ks.com/idla-wp-oct98. 
    19591959&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
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    19661966Bowman, C.M., Danzig, P.B., Manber, U., and Schwartz, M.F. &amp;ldquo;Scalable Internet resource discovery: Research problems and approaches&amp;rdquo; &lt;i&gt;Communications of the ACM,&lt;/i&gt; Vol. 37, No. 8, pp. 98−107, 1994. 
    19671967&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
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    148148Greenstone is a suite of software for building and distributing digital library collections. It provides a new way of organizing information and publishing it on the Internet or on CD-ROM. Greenstone is produced by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato, and developed and distributed in cooperation with UNESCO and the Human Info NGO. It is open-source software, available from &lt;i&gt;http://greenstone.org&lt;/i&gt; under the terms of the G&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;nu&lt;/span&gt; General Public License. 
    149149&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     215&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    216216This document explains how to install Greenstone so that you can run it on your own computer. It also describes how to obtain associated software that is freely available&amp;mdash;the Apache Webserver and Perl. We have striven to make the installation procedure as simple as it possibly can be. 
    217217&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    219219 
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    224224The software runs on different platforms, and in different configurations. Consequently there are many issues that affect (or might affect) the installation procedure. Section 1 mentions some questions that you will need to consider before installing Greenstone. Section 2 details the installation procedure for all the different versions; you need only read the part that relates to your operating system. Section 3 describes the demonstration digital library collections that are included in the distribution. Section 4 explains how to set up common webservers, Apache and Microsoft PWS/IIS, to work with Greenstone. Section 5 describes various Greenstone configuration options, and Section 6 shows how to make a personalized home page for your digital library installation. Finally, an Appendix lists pieces of associated software and how to obtain them. 
    225225&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     239&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    240240The complete set of Greenstone documents include five volumes: 
    241241&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    292292 
    293293 
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     296&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    297297The Greenstone software is a collaborative effort between many people. Rodger McNab and Stefan Boddie are the principal architects and implementors.  Contributions have been made by David Bainbridge, George Buchanan, Hong Chen, Michael Dewsnip, Katherine Don, Elke Duncker, Carl Gutwin, Geoff Holmes, Dana McKay, John McPherson, Craig Nevill-Manning, Dynal Patel, Gordon Paynter, Bernhard Pfahringer, Todd Reed, Bill Rogers, John Thompson, and Stuart Yeates. Other members of the New Zealand Digital Library project provided advice and inspiration in the design of the system: Mark Apperley, Sally Jo Cunningham, Matt Jones, Steve Jones, Te Taka Keegan, Michel Loots, Malika Mahoui, Gary Marsden, Dave Nichols and Lloyd Smith. We would also like to acknowledge all those who have contributed to the GNU-licensed packages included in this distribution: &lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;MG, GDBM, PDFTOHTML, &lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;PERL, &lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;WGET, WVWARE &lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt;and&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt; XLHTML.&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/font&gt; 
    298298&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    684684 
    685685 
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     716&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    717717The Greenstone software runs on different platforms, and in different configurations, as summarized in Figure 1. 
    718718&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    736736 
    737737 
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    741741There are many issues that affect (or might affect) the installation procedure. Before reading on, you should consider these questions:  
    742742&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    854854 
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    877877 
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    882882Versions of Greenstone are available for both Windows and Unix, as binaries and in source code form. The Greenstone user interface uses a Web browser: Netscape Navigator or Internet Explorer (version 4.0 or greater in both cases) are both suitable. In case you don't already have a Web browser, Windows versions of Netscape are provided on the CD-ROM. 
    883883&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    893893 
    894894 
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    898898If you are a Unix user, please skip ahead to Section 2.2. For Windows users, if you want just a simple, straightforward installation, go through the following &amp;ldquo;simple installation&amp;rdquo; procedure. The Greenstone system occupies about 40 Mb of disk space. 
    899899&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    901901 
    902902 
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    906906If you choose anything other than the default setup, you will have to decide whether you want to install the binary code or the source code. If in doubt, choose the binary code. The installation procedure is the same for both. The following sections tell you more about the options you will be presented with.  
    907907&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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     911&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     912 
     913&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    914914When you've finished installation you should skip ahead to Section 2.3. 
    915915&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    925925 
    926926 
    927 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    928  
    929 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     927&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     928 
     929&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    930930To install the Windows version from the CD-ROM, insert the disk into the drive (e.g. into &lt;i&gt;D:&lt;/i&gt;). If the installation procedure does not start automatically after about 20 seconds, click on the &lt;i&gt;Start&lt;/i&gt; menu, select &lt;i&gt;Run&lt;/i&gt; and type &lt;i&gt;D:/setup.exe&lt;/i&gt;, where &amp;ldquo;&lt;i&gt;D&lt;/i&gt;&amp;rdquo; is the letter that identifies your CD-ROM drive. For Windows 3.1, select &lt;i&gt;Run&lt;/i&gt; from the &amp;ldquo;File manager&amp;rdquo; and type &lt;i&gt;D:/Windows/win3.1/setup.exe&lt;/i&gt;.  
    931931&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    933933 
    934934 
    935 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    936  
    937 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     935&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     936 
     937&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    938938For the simplest installation, just accept the default at each point by clicking the &lt;i&gt;Next&lt;/i&gt; button. That's all you need to do! Greenstone is installed in the directory &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt;. 
    939939&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    941941 
    942942 
    943 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    944  
    945 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     943&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     944 
     945&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    946946Once installation is complete, to start your Greenstone system click on the &lt;i&gt;Start&lt;/i&gt; button, open the &lt;i&gt;Program &lt;/i&gt;menu, and select &lt;i&gt;Greenstone Digital Library&lt;/i&gt;. This brings up a dialogue box: just click &lt;i&gt;Enter Library. &lt;/i&gt;This automatically starts your Internet browser and loads the Greenstone Digital Library home page, which should look something like the example in Figure 2. You enter the Greenstone Demo collection by clicking on its icon.  
    947947&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    967967 
    968968 
    969 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;26.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    970  
    971 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     969&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;26.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     970 
     971&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    972972 
    973973&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     
    993993 
    994994 
    995 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    996  
    997 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     995&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     996 
     997&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    998998There are two separate Windows binary programs on the CD-ROM: the &lt;i&gt;Local Library&lt;/i&gt; and the &lt;i&gt;Web Library&lt;/i&gt;. The default installation described above selects the Local Library version. We strongly recommend that you use this version. The Web Library, which is much harder to set up, is only necessary if you already run a web server and want to use it for Greenstone. Despite its modest name, the Local Library offers a complete, self-contained, web-serving capability. 
    999999&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10011001 
    10021002 
    1003 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1004  
    1005 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1003&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1004 
     1005&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10061006&lt;b&gt;Local Library.&lt;/b&gt; This enables any Windows computer to serve pre-built Greenstone collections. The Greenstone Demo collection will automatically be installed; you can also install the other collections on the CD-ROM (Section 3). The Local Library software is the same as that used on CD-ROMs produced by the Greenstone system.  
    10071007&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10091009 
    10101010 
    1011 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1012  
    1013 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1011&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1012 
     1013&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10141014The Local Library is intended for use on standalone computers or computers that do not already have webserver software. It contains a small built-in webserver so that other computers on the same network can also access the library. (However, the webserver has limited configurability.)  
    10151015&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10171017 
    10181018 
    1019 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1020  
    1021 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1019&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1020 
     1021&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10221022The Local Library software automatically determines whether your computer has network software installed or is connected to a network. It operates correctly under any combinations of these conditions. However, there are two possible problems that may be encountered. Greenstone may 
    10231023&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10421042 
    10431043 
    1044 &lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1045  
    1046 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1044&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1045 
     1046&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10471047A restricted version of the Local Library is supplied which is intended for use in these situations. The restricted version only works with Netscape (not Internet Explorer). When you invoke the Local Library version of Greenstone, the dialogue box contains a button that allows you to use the restricted version instead. Unless the above problems arise, you should always use the standard version.  
    10481048&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10501050 
    10511051 
    1052 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1053  
    1054 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1052&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1053 
     1054&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10551055&lt;b&gt;Web Library&lt;/b&gt;. This enables any computer with an existing webserver to serve pre-built Greenstone collections. As with the Local Library above, the Greenstone Demo collection will automatically be installed. You can also install the other collections on the CD-ROM (see Section 3).  
    10561056&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10581058 
    10591059 
    1060 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1061  
    1062 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1060&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1061 
     1062&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10631063The Web Library differs from the Local Library because it is intended for computers that already have webserver software.  
    10641064&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10661066 
    10671067 
    1068 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1069  
    1070 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1068&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1069 
     1070&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    10711071To run the Web Library, you also need 
    10721072&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    10991099 
    11001100 
    1101 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1102  
    1103 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1101&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1102 
     1103&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11041104An advantage of the Local Library version of Greenstone is that it runs &amp;ldquo;out of the box&amp;rdquo; and does not require any special configuration. For the Web Library version, however, you will have to make some adjustments to your webserver setup.  
    11051105&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11071107 
    11081108 
    1109 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1110  
    1111 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1109&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1110 
     1111&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11121112If you already have a webserver, some small changes have to be made to its configuration to make your Greenstone installation operate. The install script explains what these are for the Apache webserver&amp;mdash;see Section 4.2 for instructions for configuring the PWS and IIS webservers. You may need help from a system administrator to reconfigure an existing webserver&amp;mdash;they should be able to understand the instructions printed by the install script.  
    11131113&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11151115 
    11161116 
    1117 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1118  
    1119 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1117&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1118 
     1119&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11201120If you do not already have a webserver, you will have to install one. (See the Appendix for information on the Apache webserver.) Then you will have to configure it appropriately. Section 4 gives a detailed account of the parts of a webserver installation that affect Greenstone, and how they need to be altered. It comes down to including half a dozen or so lines in a configuration file.  
    11211121&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11311131 
    11321132 
    1133 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1134  
    1135 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1133&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1134 
     1135&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11361136The Greenstone source code occupies 50 Mb of disk space, but to compile it you will need about 90 Mb. To compile the source on Windows you need  
    11371137&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11481148 
    11491149 
    1150 &lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1151  
    1152 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1150&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1151 
     1152&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11531153(You do not need GDBM, the Gnu database manager, because it is included in the Greenstone source distribution.)  
    11541154&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11561156 
    11571157 
    1158 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1159  
    1160 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1158&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1159 
     1160&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11611161It is unlikely that you will be able to compile Greenstone on a Windows 3.1/3.11 machine.  
    11621162&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11641164 
    11651165 
    1166 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1167  
    1168 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1166&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1167 
     1168&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11691169In the event that you recompile Greenstone and wish to use the recompiled version to create CD-ROMs, you should note that code produced by recent versions of the Visual C++ compiler does not run under Windows 3.1/3.11, although there is no problem with later Windows systems (95, 98, Me, NT, 2000). If you want your CD-ROMs to operate on early Windows machines, you will need a different version of the compiler. Moreover, Greenstone uses STL, the C++ standard template library, and although these compilers sometimes come with STL, the provided version does not always work properly. Hence to recompile Greenstone in such a way that it produces CD-ROMs that work on early versions of Windows, you need  
    11701170&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    11891189 
    11901190 
    1191 &lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1192  
    1193 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1191&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1192 
     1193&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    11941194Note that the Windows installation procedure does not attempt to compile Greenstone for you if you choose to install the source code. For platform- and compiler-specific instructions on compiling Greenstone, see the &lt;i&gt;Install.txt &lt;/i&gt;document which is placed in the top-level Greenstone directory (&lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; by default) during the installation procedure.  
    11951195&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    12051205 
    12061206 
    1207 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1208  
    1209 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1207&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1208 
     1209&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    12101210This section is written for Unix users. (Windows users should skip ahead to Section 2.3.) You need to choose whether to install the binary code or the source code. The binary code occupies about 50 Mb of disk space; the source code requires about 160 Mb to compile. 
    12111211&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    12211221 
    12221222 
    1223 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1224  
    1225 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1223&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1224 
     1225&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    12261226The binary code requires an Intel x86-based Linux distribution which includes ELF binary support. Distributions that meet these requirements include:  
    12271227&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    12621262 
    12631263 
    1264 &lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1265  
    1266 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1264&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1265 
     1266&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    12671267More recent versions of these distributions should also work.  
    12681268&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    12701270 
    12711271 
    1272 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1273  
    1274 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1272&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1273 
     1274&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    12751275You will need a webserver: we recommend Apache. We also strongly recommend you to install your webserver &lt;i&gt;before&lt;/i&gt; installing Greenstone&amp;mdash;this will make it much easier to answer the questions that are asked during the Greenstone installation procedure. If you want to build new digital library collections, you will also need Perl if this is not already on your system. To check, open a terminal window, type &lt;i&gt;perl -v&lt;/i&gt;, and see if a message appears specifying, amongst other things, the version number. For most versions of Linux, Perl is installed by default. The Appendix gives information on how to obtain Apache and Perl.  
    12761276&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    12861286 
    12871287 
    1288 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1289  
    1290 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1288&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1289 
     1290&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    12911291The source code is the same for Unix as for Windows. It has been compiled and tested on Linux, Solaris, and Macintosh OS/X; it should be a fairly routine matter to port it to other flavors of Unix.  
    12921292&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    12941294 
    12951295 
    1296 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1297  
    1298 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1296&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1297 
     1298&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    12991299To compile the Greenstone source code on Unix, you need  
    13001300&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    13191319 
    13201320 
    1321 &lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1322  
    1323 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1321&lt;/ul&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1322 
     1323&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    13241324To run the Greenstone software, you also need a Web server and Perl, as described above under &lt;i&gt;Unix binaries&lt;/i&gt;.  
    13251325&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    13351335 
    13361336 
    1337 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1338  
    1339 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1337&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1338 
     1339&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    13401340To install the Unix version from the CD-ROM, insert the disk into the drive, and type  
    13411341&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    13751375 
    13761376 
    1377 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1378  
    1379 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1377&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1378 
     1379&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    13801380The final command begins an interactive dialogue which requests the information that is needed to install Greenstone on your system, and gives detailed feedback on what is happening.  
    13811381&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    13831383 
    13841384 
    1385 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1386  
    1387 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1385&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1386 
     1387&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    13881388The installation procedure begins by asking you which directory to install Greenstone into. The first file placed there is the &amp;ldquo;uninstall&amp;rdquo; program that cleans up any partial installation, should you encounter problems or terminate the installation prematurely. Next you choose whether you want to install binaries or source code. You are then asked some questions about your webserver setup. You need to have a valid cgi executable directory (normally called &amp;ldquo;cgi-bin&amp;rdquo; on Unix systems); you can either create a new one or use your existing one. If you create a new one, you will need to enter this information in your webserver's configuration file. In either case you need to enter the web address of the cgi directory. The installation dialogue will guide you through all these choices. It is important to set the file permissions correctly on certain directories, and you are prompted for the necessary information. Finally, you are prompted for a password for the &amp;ldquo;administrator&amp;rdquo; user &lt;i&gt;admin&lt;/i&gt;.  
    13891389&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    13911391 
    13921392 
    1393 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1394  
    1395 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1393&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1394 
     1395&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    13961396By default, all Greenstone software is installed in the directory &lt;i&gt;/usr/local/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; if it is the root user who is doing the installation, and into the directory ~&lt;i&gt;/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; otherwise (where &amp;ldquo;~&amp;rdquo; is the user's home directory). 
    13971397&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    13991399 
    14001400 
    1401 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1402  
    1403 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1401&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1402 
     1403&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14041404Installing the binaries takes just a few minutes, enough time for you to answer the appropriate questions. If you install the source code, the installation script will compile it, which takes from ten minutes to an hour or so, depending on the speed of your processor.  
    14051405&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    14071407 
    14081408 
    1409 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1410  
    1411 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1409&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1410 
     1411&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14121412To uninstall the software, type  
    14131413&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    14311431 
    14321432 
    1433 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1434  
    1435 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1433&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1434 
     1435&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14361436During the installation procedure you will be asked whether you want to install any Greenstone collections. The Greenstone Demo collection is installed automatically; other collections on the CD-ROM are described in Section 3.  
    14371437&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    14471447 
    14481448 
    1449 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1450  
    1451 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1449&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1450 
     1451&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14521452If you already have a webserver, some small changes will have to be made to its configuration to make your Greenstone installation operate. The install script explains what these are. You will probably need help from your system administrator to reconfigure the webserver&amp;mdash;he or she should be able to understand the instructions output by the install script. For your convenience, the output of the install script is written to a file called INSTALL_RECORD in the directory into which you installed Greenstone. 
    14531453&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    14551455 
    14561456 
    1457 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1458  
    1459 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1457&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1458 
     1459&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14601460If you do not already have a webserver, you will have to install one. The Appendix gives information on Apache. Then you will have to configure it appropriately. Section 4 gives a detailed account of the parts of an Apache webserver installation that affect Greenstone, and how they need to be altered. It comes down to including half a dozen or so lines in a configuration file.  
    14611461&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    14631463 
    14641464 
    1465 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1466  
    1467 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1465&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1466 
     1467&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14681468You do not need to be the Unix &amp;ldquo;root&amp;rdquo; user to go through the installation procedure above. When it comes to configuring an existing Apache server, however, you may need &amp;ldquo;root&amp;rdquo; privileges&amp;mdash;it all depends on how Apache is set up. If you install Apache yourself, you can do it as a user without &amp;ldquo;root&amp;rdquo; privileges. If you need to work your way around an uncooperative system administrator, you can always install a second Apache webserver on your computer&amp;mdash;even if one exists already. 
    14691469&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    14871487 
    14881488 
    1489 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1490  
    1491 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1489&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1490 
     1491&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    14921492If you are using the Local Library, simply run the &lt;i&gt;Greenstone&lt;/i&gt; program from the &lt;i&gt;Start&lt;/i&gt; menu. This automatically opens a dialog box that starts your Internet browser and loads the Greenstone Digital Library home page. The Greenstone Demo collection should be accessible from this page.   The dialog box contais a&lt;i&gt; File&lt;/i&gt; menu item that allows you to change the default browser used by Greenstone.  It doesn't matter whether you use Netscape or Internet Explorer, except that if you are running on Windows 2000, we recommend that you use Internet Explorer. 
    14931493&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15031503 
    15041504 
    1505 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1506  
    1507 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1505&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1506 
     1507&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15081508If you are using the Web Library, once you have installed the software and configured the webserver, use this URL to enter your Greenstone system:  
    15091509&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15191519 
    15201520 
    1521 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1522  
    1523 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1521&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1522 
     1523&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15241524The Greenstone Demo collection should be accessible from this page.  
    15251525&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15351535 
    15361536 
    1537 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1538  
    1539 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1537&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1538 
     1539&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15401540A link to the Collector is provided on the digital library home page.  
    15411541&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15511551 
    15521552 
    1553 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1554  
    1555 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1553&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1554 
     1555&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15561556A link to the Administration pages is provided on the digital library home page. The &amp;ldquo;administrator&amp;rdquo; user is called &lt;i&gt;admin&lt;/i&gt;, with a password that you specified during the installation process. The administrator is authorized to add new users, and to build collections. 
    15571557&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15591559 
    15601560 
    1561 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1562  
    1563 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1561&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1562 
     1563&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15641564 
    15651565&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15751575 
    15761576 
    1577 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1578  
    1579 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1577&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1578 
     1579&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15801580The Greenstone Librarian Interface (GLI) is a tool to assist you with building digital libraries using Greenstone. It gives you access to Greenstone's collection-building functionality from an easy-to-use &amp;ldquo;point and click&amp;rdquo; interface. 
    15811581&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15831583 
    15841584 
    1585 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1586  
    1587 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1585&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1586 
     1587&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15881588GLI is installed automatically with all distributions of Greenstone. It is placed in the subdirectory &lt;i&gt;gli&lt;/i&gt; of the top-level Greenstone directory (&lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/gli&lt;/i&gt; by default). Note that it runs in conjunction with Greenstone and will not work properly unless it is placed in a subdirectory of your Greenstone installation. If you have downloaded one of the Greenstone distributions, this will be the case. 
    15891589&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    15911591 
    15921592 
    1593 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1594  
    1595 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1593&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1594 
     1595&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    15961596To use the GLI, your computer needs to have the Java Runtime Environment. If it doesn't, the installer will offer to install a version that is included on the CD-ROM.  On Unix, you will also need to ensure that Perl is installed (for Windows, Perl is already included in the Greenstone software). Please report any problems you have running or using the Librarian Interface to &lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;greenstone@cs.waikato.ac.nz&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;. 
    15971597&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16071607 
    16081608 
    1609 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1610  
    1611 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1609&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1610 
     1611&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16121612To run GLI under Windows, browse to the &lt;i&gt;gli&lt;/i&gt; folder in your Greenstone installation (e.g. using Windows Explorer), and double-click on the file called &lt;i&gt;gli.bat&lt;/i&gt;. This file checks that Greenstone, the Java Runtime Environment, and Perl are all installed, and starts the Greenstone Librarian Interface. 
    16131613&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16231623 
    16241624 
    1625 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1626  
    1627 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1625&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1626 
     1627&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16281628To run GLI under Unix, change to the &lt;i&gt;gli &lt;/i&gt;directory in your Greenstone installation, then run the &lt;i&gt;gli.sh&lt;/i&gt; script. This script checks that Greenstone, the Java Runtime Environment, and Perl are all installed and on your search path, and starts the Greenstone Librarian Interface. 
    16291629&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16391639 
    16401640 
    1641 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1642  
    1643 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1641&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1642 
     1643&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16441644The Greenstone Librarian Interface has extensive on-line help facilities. You get help by clicking the &lt;i&gt;Help&lt;/i&gt; button at the top right of the screen. This opens up the text to a section that relates to what you are doing&amp;mdash;which of the GLI panels you are on. You can click around the help text to learn what you need to know. Use it. 
    16451645&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16471647 
    16481648 
    1649 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1650  
    1651 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1649&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1650 
     1651&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16521652 
    16531653&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16631663 
    16641664 
    1665 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1666  
    1667 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1665&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1666 
     1667&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16681668If you have downloaded the Greenstone source distribution, you will have the Java source code of the Librarian Interface. To compile it, your computer needs to have a &lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;Java Development Kit&lt;/font&gt;. The Appendix gives information on how to obtain this. To compile the source code, run the &lt;i&gt;makegli.bat&lt;/i&gt; (Windows) or &lt;i&gt;makegli.sh&lt;/i&gt; (Unix) files. Once compiled, you can run GLI as described above. 
    16691669&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16711671 
    16721672 
    1673 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1674  
    1675 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1673&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1674 
     1675&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16761676 
    16771677&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    16871687 
    16881688 
    1689 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1690  
    1691 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1689&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1690 
     1691&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    16921692To test Greenstone, point your Web browser at the Greenstone home page and explore the Demo collection and any other collections that you have installed. Don't worry&amp;mdash;you can't break anything. Click liberally: most images that appear on the screen are clickable. If you hold the mouse stationary over an image, most browsers will soon pop up a message that tells you what will happen if you click. Experiment! Choose common words like &amp;ldquo;the&amp;rdquo; and &amp;ldquo;and&amp;rdquo; to search for&amp;mdash;that should evoke some responses, and nothing will break. For more information, see the &lt;i&gt;Greenstone Digital Library User's Guide&lt;/i&gt;.&lt;i&gt;&lt;/i&gt; 
    16931693&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    17111711 
    17121712&lt;table width=&quot;100.00%25&quot; border=&quot;1&quot; cols=&quot;3&quot; rows=&quot;5&quot;&gt; 
     1713&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1714 
     1715&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1716&lt;b&gt;&lt;/b&gt; 
     1717&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1718 
     1719 
     1720 
     1721&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1722 
     1723&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1724&lt;b&gt;Problem&lt;/b&gt; 
     1725&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1726 
     1727 
     1728 
     1729&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1730 
     1731&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1732&lt;b&gt;Try this&lt;/b&gt; 
     1733&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1734 
     1735&lt;/tr&gt; 
     1736 
     1737 
     1738 
    17131739&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    17141740 
    17151741&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1742&lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;Local Library (Windows only)&lt;/span&gt; 
     1743&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1744 
     1745 
     1746 
     1747&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1748 
     1749&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1750When I start Greenstone my computer asks me to dial up my Internet Service Provider. 
     1751&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1752 
     1753 
     1754 
     1755&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1756 
     1757&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1758Push the &lt;i&gt;Cancel&lt;/i&gt; button in the dialog box. This usually solves the problem. 
     1759&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1760 
     1761&lt;/tr&gt; 
     1762 
     1763 
     1764 
     1765&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1766 
     1767&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1768 
     1769&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1770 
     1771 
     1772 
     1773&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1774 
     1775&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1776When I start Greenstone my computer &lt;i&gt;still&lt;/i&gt; asks me to dial up my Internet Service Provider. 
     1777&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1778 
     1779 
     1780 
     1781&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1782 
     1783&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1784Choose the &amp;ldquo;Restricted version&amp;rdquo; when you run Greenstone. This version only works with Netscape. 
     1785&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1786 
     1787&lt;/tr&gt; 
     1788 
     1789 
     1790 
     1791&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1792 
     1793&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1794 
     1795&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1796 
     1797 
     1798 
     1799&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1800 
     1801&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1802When I point my browser at the digital library, it can't find that page. 
     1803&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1804 
     1805 
     1806 
     1807&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1808 
     1809&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1810Check your Internet Proxy settings and turn proxies off (use &lt;i&gt;Edit preferences&lt;/i&gt; on Netscape or &lt;i&gt;Internet options&lt;/i&gt; on Explorer). 
     1811&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1812 
     1813&lt;/tr&gt; 
     1814 
     1815 
     1816 
     1817&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1818 
     1819&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1820 
     1821&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1822 
     1823 
     1824 
     1825&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1826 
     1827&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1828The Collector seems to be working very slowly! 
     1829&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1830 
     1831 
     1832 
     1833&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1834 
     1835&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1836Are you using Netscape under Windows 2000? If so, try using Internet Explorer instead&amp;mdash;on Windows 2000 (only) there seems to be some incompatibility with Netscape. 
     1837&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     1838 
     1839&lt;/tr&gt; 
     1840 
     1841&lt;/table&gt; 
     1842 
     1843&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Normal&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1844 
     1845&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1846 
     1847&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     1848 
     1849 
     1850 
     1851&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Normal&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1852 
     1853&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1854 
     1855&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     1856 
     1857 
     1858&lt;table width=&quot;100.00%25&quot; border=&quot;1&quot; cols=&quot;3&quot; rows=&quot;8&quot;&gt; 
     1859&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1860 
     1861&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17161862&lt;b&gt;&lt;/b&gt; 
    17171863&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     
    17191865 
    17201866 
    1721 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1722  
    1723 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1867&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1868 
     1869&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    17241870&lt;b&gt;Problem&lt;/b&gt; 
    17251871&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     
    17271873 
    17281874 
    1729 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1730  
    1731 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1732 &lt;b&gt;Try this&lt;/b&gt; 
    1733 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1734  
    1735 &lt;/tr&gt; 
    1736  
    1737  
    1738  
    1739 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1740  
    1741 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1742 &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;Local Library (Windows only)&lt;/span&gt; 
    1743 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1744  
    1745  
    1746  
    1747 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1748  
    1749 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1750 When I start Greenstone my computer asks me to dial up my Internet Service Provider. 
    1751 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1752  
    1753  
    1754  
    1755 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1756  
    1757 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1758 Push the &lt;i&gt;Cancel&lt;/i&gt; button in the dialog box. This usually solves the problem. 
    1759 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1760  
    1761 &lt;/tr&gt; 
    1762  
    1763  
    1764  
    1765 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1766  
    1767 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1768  
    1769 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1770  
    1771  
    1772  
    1773 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1774  
    1775 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1776 When I start Greenstone my computer &lt;i&gt;still&lt;/i&gt; asks me to dial up my Internet Service Provider. 
    1777 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1778  
    1779  
    1780  
    1781 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1782  
    1783 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1784 Choose the &amp;ldquo;Restricted version&amp;rdquo; when you run Greenstone. This version only works with Netscape. 
    1785 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1786  
    1787 &lt;/tr&gt; 
    1788  
    1789  
    1790  
    1791 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1792  
    1793 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1794  
    1795 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1796  
    1797  
    1798  
    1799 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1800  
    1801 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1802 When I point my browser at the digital library, it can't find that page. 
    1803 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1804  
    1805  
    1806  
    1807 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1808  
    1809 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1810 Check your Internet Proxy settings and turn proxies off (use &lt;i&gt;Edit preferences&lt;/i&gt; on Netscape or &lt;i&gt;Internet options&lt;/i&gt; on Explorer). 
    1811 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1812  
    1813 &lt;/tr&gt; 
    1814  
    1815  
    1816  
    1817 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1818  
    1819 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1820  
    1821 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1822  
    1823  
    1824  
    1825 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1826  
    1827 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1828 The Collector seems to be working very slowly! 
    1829 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1830  
    1831  
    1832  
    1833 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1834  
    1835 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1836 Are you using Netscape under Windows 2000? If so, try using Internet Explorer instead&amp;mdash;on Windows 2000 (only) there seems to be some incompatibility with Netscape. 
    1837 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1838  
    1839 &lt;/tr&gt; 
    1840  
    1841 &lt;/table&gt; 
    1842  
    1843 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Normal&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1844  
    1845 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1846  
    1847 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    1848  
    1849  
    1850  
    1851 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;Normal&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1852  
    1853 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1854  
    1855 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    1856  
    1857  
    1858 &lt;table width=&quot;100.00%25&quot; border=&quot;1&quot; cols=&quot;3&quot; rows=&quot;8&quot;&gt; 
    1859 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;25.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1860  
    1861 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1862 &lt;b&gt;&lt;/b&gt; 
    1863 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1864  
    1865  
    1866  
    1867 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;28.57%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1868  
    1869 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    1870 &lt;b&gt;Problem&lt;/b&gt; 
    1871 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
    1872  
    1873  
    1874  
    1875 &lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    1876  
    1877 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     1875&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;46.42%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     1876 
     1877&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    18781878&lt;b&gt;Try this&lt;/b&gt; 
    18791879&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     
    20732073 
    20742074 
    2075 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2076  
    2077 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2075&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2076 
     2077&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    20782078To learn more about the innards of your Greenstone installation, consult the &lt;i&gt;Greenstone Digital Library Developer's Guide&lt;/i&gt;. It includes (for example) details of the directory structure that has been created, and information about how to configure your Greenstone site. 
    20792079&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    21092109 
    21102110 
    2111 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2112  
    2113 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2111&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2112 
     2113&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    21142114Several demonstration Greenstone collections are included on the CD-ROM. If you have Web access, many others can be downloaded, in either pre-built or unbuilt form, from the New Zealand Digital Library Project website (&lt;i&gt;nzdl.org&lt;/i&gt;).  
    21152115&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    21172117 
    21182118 
    2119 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2120  
    2121 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2119&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2120 
     2121&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    21222122The Greenstone Demo collection is a small subset of the Humanity Development Library (HDL), a polished collection. It illustrates that relatively rich browsing capabilities can be provided (so long as suitable metadata is available). It is included automatically when the software is installed. 
    21232123&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    21252125 
    21262126 
    2127 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 2.08mm 34.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2128  
    2129 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2127&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 2.08mm 34.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2128 
     2129&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    21302130Greenstone also comes with some well-documented example collections whose &amp;ldquo;about&amp;rdquo; page describes how they are constructed. They demonstrate various capabilities of Greenstone. The install dialogue will ask you whether you want to include them in your Greenstone installation; the approximate amount of disk space needed for each collection is shown below.  
    21312131&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    24532453&lt;/table&gt; 
    24542454 
    2455 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2456  
    2457 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    2458  
    2459 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    2460  
    2461  
    2462  
    2463 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2464  
    2465 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2455&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2456 
     2457&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2458 
     2459&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     2460 
     2461 
     2462 
     2463&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2464 
     2465&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    24662466 
    24672467&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    24892489 
    24902490 
    2491 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2492  
    2493 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2491&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2492 
     2493&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    24942494In this section we describe how to set up your webserver to work with Greenstone. Note that all this is unnecessary when using the Windows Local Library, because this software works &amp;ldquo;out of the box&amp;rdquo; and does not require a webserver. 
    24952495&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    24972497 
    24982498 
    2499 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2500  
    2501 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2499&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2500 
     2501&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25022502We discuss both the Apache webserver, which is freely available for both Windows and Unix (see the Appendix for details) and Microsoft's Personal Web Server (PWS) and Internet Information Services (IIS) webserver. PWS is the standard Microsoft server for Windows 95/98; IIS is the standard webserver for Windows 2000 and the forthcoming Windows XP; Windows NT can use either. The Apache description applies equally to the Windows Web Library and Unix versions (though we use Windows-style terminology and pathnames); the PWS/IIS section applies only to the Windows Web Library.  
    25032503&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25052505 
    25062506 
    2507 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2508  
    2509 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2507&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2508 
     2509&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25102510Once you have installed your webserver, the next step is to install Greenstone. We will assume that during the install procedure you have taken the default action for each stage by clicking on the &lt;i&gt;Next&lt;/i&gt; button. The result is that the directory &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; is created and the Web Library binary is stored there, along with some supporting files.  
    25112511&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25132513 
    25142514 
    2515 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2516  
    2517 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2515&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2516 
     2517&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25182518All webservers use the special URL &amp;ldquo;localhost&amp;rdquo; to denote the computer that the webserver is running on. Thus when you install a webserver, you can get at your &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt; documents by typing the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost&lt;/i&gt; into a browser. If your computer has a domain name set up, this is used instead of localhost to identify your computer from remote sites. Thus on the New Zealand Digital Library's computer, &lt;i&gt;http://nzdl.org&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;http://localhost&lt;/i&gt; are equivalent. If you type &lt;i&gt;http://nzdl.org&lt;/i&gt; on your computer you will get the New Zealand Digital Library webserver, whereas if you type &lt;i&gt;http://localhost&lt;/i&gt; you will get your own computer's webserver.  
    25192519&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25292529 
    25302530 
    2531 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2532  
    2533 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2531&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2532 
     2533&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25342534The Apache webserver is usually installed in &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache&lt;/i&gt; and is configured so that the cgi-bin directory is in the subdirectory &lt;i&gt;/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; and the document root is the subdirectory &lt;i&gt;/htdocs&lt;/i&gt;. It is reconfigured by editing the configuration file &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache/conf/httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt;. This is a text file: it's quite easy to read it to see how things are set up.  
    25352535&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25372537 
    25382538 
    2539 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2540  
    2541 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2539&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2540 
     2541&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25422542Depending on how your computer's networking software is set up, you may have to add this line to Apache's &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt; configuration file:  
    25432543&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25532553 
    25542554 
    2555 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2556  
    2557 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2555&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2556 
     2557&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25582558If this line is not included, the system attempts to find your server's name. However, there are bugs in some versions of Windows that cause this to fail. In this case, Apache will exit immediately when you start it up. It does display an error message, but it is immediately erased and you probably can't read it.  
    25592559&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25692569 
    25702570 
    2571 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2572  
    2573 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2571&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2572 
     2573&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25742574Cgi-bin is a directory from which the webserver treats documents as executable programs. Apache's &lt;i&gt;ScriptAlias&lt;/i&gt; directive is used to create a cgi-bin directory. Note that this directive can make any directory a cgi executable directory&amp;mdash;it doesn't have to be called &amp;ldquo;cgi-bin&amp;rdquo;! Conversely, a directory called &amp;ldquo;cgi-bin&amp;rdquo; isn't special unless &lt;i&gt;ScriptAlias&lt;/i&gt; has been applied to it.  
    25752575&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25772577 
    25782578 
    2579 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2580  
    2581 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2579&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2580 
     2581&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25822582When installed, Apache has a cgi-bin directory of &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt;. This means that if presented with the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/cgi-bin/hello&lt;/i&gt;, the webserver will attempt to execute a file called &lt;i&gt;hello&lt;/i&gt; from within the above directory.  
    25832583&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25852585 
    25862586 
    2587 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2588  
    2589 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2587&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2588 
     2589&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25902590There is one Greenstone program, which is called &amp;ldquo;library.exe&amp;rdquo;, that needs to be executed by the webserver; it in turn reads a file called the Greenstone site configuration file, or &amp;ldquo;gsdlsite.cfg&amp;rdquo;, which needs to be located in the same directory.  
    25912591&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    25932593 
    25942594 
    2595 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2596  
    2597 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2595&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2596 
     2597&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    25982598The best way of arranging this is to use Apache's &lt;i&gt;ScriptAlias&lt;/i&gt; directive to create a new cgi-bin directory. Here's the excerpt from Apache's &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt; configuration file that adds &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; as an additional cgi-bin directory:  
    25992599&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    26412641 
    26422642 
    2643 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2644  
    2645 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2643&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2644 
     2645&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    26462646(It's a curious fact that Apache configuration files use forward slashes in place of standard Windows backslashes.)  
    26472647&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    26492649 
    26502650 
    2651 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2652  
    2653 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2651&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2652 
     2653&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    26542654This means that any URLs of the form &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/gsdl/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; ... will be sought in the directory &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt;, and executed by the web server. For example, if presented with the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/gsdl/cgi-bin/hello&lt;/i&gt;, the web server will attempt to retrieve the file &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/cgi-bin/hello&lt;/i&gt; and execute it. However, the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/cgi-bin/hello&lt;/i&gt; looks in Apache's regular &lt;i&gt;cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; directory for the file &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache/&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;/hello&lt;/i&gt; and executes it, just as it did before.  
    26552655&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    26652665 
    26662666 
    2667 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2668  
    2669 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2667&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2668 
     2669&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    26702670The document root directory is the root of your webserver's directory structure. When installed, Apache has a document root &lt;i&gt;of C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache/htdocs&lt;/i&gt;. This means that if presented with the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/hello.html&lt;/i&gt;, the webserver will attempt to retrieve a file called &lt;i&gt;hello.html&lt;/i&gt; from within the above directory.  
    26712671&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    26732673 
    26742674 
    2675 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2676  
    2677 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2675&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2676 
     2677&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    26782678Several files within Greenstone need to be read by the webserver. The simplest way to arrange this is to use the &lt;i&gt;Alias&lt;/i&gt; directive, which is just like &lt;i&gt;ScriptAlias&lt;/i&gt; except that it applies to ordinary web pages, not cgi scripts. Insert these lines into your Apache configuration file, after the &lt;i&gt;ScriptAlias&lt;/i&gt; directive, to add &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; as an additional place to look for documents. 
    26792679&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    27372737 
    27382738 
    2739 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2740  
    2741 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2739&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2740 
     2741&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    27422742This means that any URLs that match the first argument of Alias (gsdl) are sought as files in the place corresponding to the second argument. In other words, URLs of the form &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/gsdl/&lt;/i&gt; ... will be sought as files in the directory &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt;. For example, if presented with the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/gsdl/hello.html&lt;/i&gt;, the webserver will attempt to retrieve the file &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/hello.html&lt;/i&gt;. However, the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/hello.html&lt;/i&gt; looks in the regular &lt;i&gt;htdocs&lt;/i&gt; directory for the file &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache/htdocs/hello.html&lt;/i&gt;, just as it did before.  
    27432743&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    27452745 
    27462746 
    2747 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2748  
    2749 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2747&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2748 
     2749&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    27502750Be sure to add the &lt;i&gt;Alias&lt;/i&gt; directive after the &lt;i&gt;ScriptAlias&lt;/i&gt; directive. Instructing Apache to alias &lt;i&gt;/gsdl &lt;/i&gt;before&lt;i&gt; /gsdl/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; would match the URL &lt;i&gt;/gsdl/cgi-bin/library&lt;/i&gt; against the Alias directive rather than the ScriptAlias, and it would be interpreted as a request for a document rather than the result of executing a program. The outcome would be to &amp;ldquo;display&amp;rdquo; the binary program file as a page in the Web browser, instead of executing it. 
    27512751&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    27612761 
    27622762 
    2763 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2764  
    2765 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2763&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2764 
     2765&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    27662766You should be aware that if the web library version of Greenstone is set up as instructed above, anyone will be allowed to download any file in the &lt;i&gt;gsdl&lt;/i&gt; directory structure. This includes the index files and source documents of any collections you make, the user database, usage logs, etc. 
    27672767&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    27692769 
    27702770 
    2771 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2772  
    2773 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2771&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2772 
     2773&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    27742774If you are concerned about this, you can easily tighten up your webserver configuration to improve security. For the Apache webserver, put these lines into the configuration file instead of those given in the previous subsection: 
    27752775&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    28572857 
    28582858 
    2859 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2860  
    2861 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2859&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2860 
     2861&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    28622862This means that only files whose extensions match the regular expression in the &lt;i&gt;FilesMatch&lt;/i&gt; line may be downloaded. 
    28632863&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    28732873 
    28742874 
    2875 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2876  
    2877 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2875&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2876 
     2877&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    28782878Although neither PWS nor IIS is installed by default on current Windows systems, they can easily be installed using the &amp;ldquo;Add/Remove programs&amp;rdquo; control panel. If they are not already on your Windows distribution CD-ROM you will have to download them from the Microsoft web site (&lt;i&gt;www.microsoft.com&lt;/i&gt;). 
    28792879&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    28812881 
    28822882 
    2883 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2884  
    2885 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2883&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2884 
     2885&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    28862886The setup procedure for Greenstone is identical for both PWS and IIS. Invoke the Personal Web Manager and perform the following actions. 
    28872887&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    28902890 
    28912891&lt;ol type=&quot;1&quot;&gt; 
    2892 &lt;li value=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2893  
    2894 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2892&lt;li value=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2893 
     2894&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    28952895Select &lt;i&gt;Advanced&lt;/i&gt; to get the &lt;i&gt;Advanced Options&lt;/i&gt; screen. 
    28962896&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    28982898 
    28992899 
    2900 &lt;li value=&quot;2&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2901  
    2902 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2900&lt;li value=&quot;2&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2901 
     2902&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29032903Select &lt;i&gt;Home&lt;/i&gt; and click &lt;i&gt;Add&lt;/i&gt;. Fill out the fields as follows: 
    29042904&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    29062906 
    29072907 
    2908 &lt;/ol&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2909  
    2910 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2908&lt;/ol&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2909 
     2910&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29112911&lt;i&gt;Directory&lt;/i&gt; field:&lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; 
    29122912&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29142914 
    29152915 
    2916 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2917  
    2918 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2916&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2917 
     2918&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29192919&lt;i&gt;Alias&lt;/i&gt; field:&lt;i&gt;gsdl&lt;/i&gt; 
    29202920&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29222922 
    29232923 
    2924 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2925  
    2926 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2924&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2925 
     2926&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29272927Access permissions:&lt;i&gt;Read&lt;/i&gt; 
    29282928&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29302930 
    29312931 
    2932 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2933  
    2934 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2932&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2933 
     2934&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29352935Application permissions:&lt;i&gt;None&lt;/i&gt; 
    29362936&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29382938 
    29392939 
    2940 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2941  
    2942 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2940&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2941 
     2942&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29432943Click &lt;i&gt;OK&lt;/i&gt; 
    29442944&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29462946 
    29472947 
    2948 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2949  
    2950 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2948&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2949 
     2950&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29512951This makes Greenstone files accessible to the webserver.  
    29522952&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29552955 
    29562956&lt;ol type=&quot;1&quot;&gt; 
    2957 &lt;li value=&quot;3&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2958  
    2959 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2957&lt;li value=&quot;3&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2958 
     2959&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29602960Back in &lt;i&gt;Advanced Options&lt;/i&gt;, select &lt;i&gt;gsdl&lt;/i&gt; and click &lt;i&gt;Add&lt;/i&gt;. Fill out the fields as follows: 
    29612961&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    29632963 
    29642964 
    2965 &lt;/ol&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2966  
    2967 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2965&lt;/ol&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2966 
     2967&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29682968&lt;i&gt;Directory&lt;/i&gt; field:&lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;/cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; 
    29692969&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29712971 
    29722972 
    2973 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2974  
    2975 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2973&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2974 
     2975&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29762976&lt;i&gt;Alias&lt;/i&gt; field:&lt;i&gt;cgi-bin&lt;/i&gt; 
    29772977&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29792979 
    29802980 
    2981 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2982  
    2983 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2981&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2982 
     2983&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29842984Access permissions:&lt;i&gt;None&lt;/i&gt; 
    29852985&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29872987 
    29882988 
    2989 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2990  
    2991 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2989&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2990 
     2991&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    29922992Application permissions:&lt;i&gt;Execute&lt;/i&gt; 
    29932993&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    29952995 
    29962996 
    2997 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    2998  
    2999 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     2997&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 49.22mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     2998 
     2999&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30003000Click &lt;i&gt;OK&lt;/i&gt; 
    30013001&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    30033003 
    30043004 
    3005 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3006  
    3007 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3005&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3006 
     3007&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30083008This allows the Greenstone program &lt;i&gt;library.exe&lt;/i&gt; to be executed by the webserver. 
    30093009&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    30123012 
    30133013&lt;ol type=&quot;1&quot;&gt; 
    3014 &lt;li value=&quot;4&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3015  
    3016 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3014&lt;li value=&quot;4&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3015 
     3016&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -7.38mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30173017Go to the URL &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/gsdl/cgi-bin/library.exe&lt;/i&gt;. 
    30183018&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    30203020 
    30213021 
    3022 &lt;/ol&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3023  
    3024 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3022&lt;/ol&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3023 
     3024&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30253025Note: you need to specify the &lt;i&gt;.exe&lt;/i&gt; file extension with PWS and IIS. 
    30263026&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    30283028 
    30293029 
    3030 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3031  
    3032 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    3033  
    3034 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    3035  
    3036  
    3037  
    3038 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3039  
    3040 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    3041  
    3042 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    3043  
    3044  
    3045  
    3046 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3047  
    3048 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    3049  
    3050 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    3051  
    3052  
    3053  
    3054 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3055  
    3056 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3030&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3031 
     3032&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3033 
     3034&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     3035 
     3036 
     3037 
     3038&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 41.84mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3039 
     3040&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3041 
     3042&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     3043 
     3044 
     3045 
     3046&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3047 
     3048&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3049 
     3050&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     3051 
     3052 
     3053 
     3054&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3055 
     3056&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30573057 
    30583058&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    30723072 
    30733073 
    3074 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3075  
    3076 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3074&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3075 
     3076&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30773077For Greenstone to work properly, access permissions for certain files must be set up appropriately. Also, there is a configuration file associated with each Greenstone site. The install procedure creates a generic configuration file based on your installation choices; however its contents can be tailored to cope with different situations. This section explains both of these issues.  
    30783078&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    30883088 
    30893089 
    3090 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3091  
    3092 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3090&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3091 
     3092&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    30933093This section is irrelevant for Windows 95/98, because these systems don't identify the owners of files.  
    30943094&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    30963096 
    30973097 
    3098 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3099  
    3100 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3098&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3099 
     3100&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    31013101On Windows NT, 2000 and Unix systems, cgi scripts don't run as normal users, because users can't be identified over the Web. Instead, they run as the user who started up the webserver program (on Windows systems), or as a special user (commonly called &lt;i&gt;nobody &lt;/i&gt;on Unix systems). Because of this, all files and directories within &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; need to be globally readable (or at least readable by the cgi-script user, perhaps &amp;ldquo;&lt;i&gt;nobody&lt;/i&gt;&amp;rdquo;). To test whether file permissions are set up correctly, run the program &lt;i&gt;library.exe&lt;/i&gt; from the command line. If the files are in the right places but the permissions are set incorrectly, it will run from the command line&amp;mdash;that is, when &lt;i&gt;you&lt;/i&gt; execute it&amp;mdash;but not from a browser&amp;mdash;that is, when the &amp;ldquo;&lt;i&gt;nobody&lt;/i&gt;&amp;rdquo; user executes it. Another test is to log in as another user to see if the file permissions are specific to your original user account.  
    31023102&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    31043104 
    31053105 
    3106 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3107  
    3108 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3106&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3107 
     3108&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    31093109To work through a Web browser, all the Greenstone directories must be globally readable. Also, the &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/etc&lt;/i&gt; directory and all its contents must be globally &lt;i&gt;writable&lt;/i&gt;. This is the directory into which the library program writes the usage log, error and initialization logs, and various user databases. If you're reluctant to make this directory globally writable, you can set permissions so that just the files &lt;i&gt;errout.txt&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;initout.txt&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;key.db&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;users.db&lt;/i&gt;, &lt;i&gt;history.db&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;usage.txt&lt;/i&gt; are writable by the cgi user.  
    31103110&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    31123112 
    31133113 
    3114 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3115  
    3116 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3114&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3115 
     3116&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    31173117If file permissions are not set up correctly for &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/etc&lt;/i&gt;, you may find that user authentication and search history do not work, and that no usage log (&lt;i&gt;usage.txt&lt;/i&gt;) is generated.  
    31183118&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    31283128 
    31293129 
    3130 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3131  
    3132 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3130&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3131 
     3132&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    31333133The install procedure creates a generic Greenstone site configuration file based on your installation choices. For our installation this file is &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/cgi-bin/gsdlsite.cfg&lt;/i&gt; and its content is:  
    31343134&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    33683368 
    33693369 
    3370 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3371  
    3372 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3370&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3371 
     3372&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    33733373You can customise your installation by editing this file, although you will probably not need to do so.  
    33743374&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    33763376 
    33773377 
    3378 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3379  
    3380 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3378&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3379 
     3380&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    33813381The &lt;i&gt;gsdlhome&lt;/i&gt; line simply points to the &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; directory.  
    33823382&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    33843384 
    33853385 
    3386 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3387  
    3388 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3386&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3387 
     3388&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    33893389&lt;i&gt;httpprefix&lt;/i&gt; is the web address of the directory that Greenstone is installed in. We explained earlier how to create an alias so that URLs of the form &lt;i&gt;http://localhost/gsdl/&lt;/i&gt; ... are sought in the &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt; directory. Putting a line &lt;i&gt;httpprefix /gsdl&lt;/i&gt; into the &lt;i&gt;gsdlsite&lt;/i&gt; configuration file establishes the same convention for the Greenstone software.  
    33903390&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    33923392 
    33933393 
    3394 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3395  
    3396 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3394&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3395 
     3396&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    33973397&lt;i&gt;httpimg&lt;/i&gt; is the web address of the &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl/images&lt;/i&gt; directory, which contains all the gif images used in the interface. In any standard Greenstone installation this will always be &lt;i&gt;httpprefix/images&lt;/i&gt;, and the line in the file above is left untouched.  
    33983398&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34003400 
    34013401 
    3402 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3403  
    3404 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3402&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3403 
     3404&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34053405&lt;i&gt;gwcgi&lt;/i&gt; is the web address of the library cgi program. This is not required by most webservers (including Apache), and should remain commented out. Don't uncomment it unless you're sure you need to, because that may introduce problems.  
    34063406&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34083408 
    34093409 
    3410 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3411  
    3412 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3410&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3411 
     3412&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34133413&lt;i&gt;maxrequests&lt;/i&gt; is only used by versions of Greenstone that are compiled with the &amp;ldquo;fast-cgi&amp;rdquo; option on. The standard binary distribution does not include this option because not all webservers are configured to support it. Fastcgi speeds up cgi executions by keeping the main executable in memory between invocations of the software, rather than loading it in from disk each time a web page is requested from the Greenstone software. The trade-off is the amount of memory used, which can grow the longer the program remains in memory. Once &lt;i&gt;maxrequests&lt;/i&gt; pages have been generated, the cgi program quits, thereby freeing any accumulated memory. To respond to the next request for a Web page, the cgi program is read in from disk again, and a new cycle of page requests is begun. Most installations use the standard cgi protocol, which means that &lt;i&gt;maxrequests&lt;/i&gt; can be safely ignored.  
    34143414&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34163416 
    34173417 
    3418 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3419  
    3420 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    3421  
    3422 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    3423  
    3424  
    3425  
    3426 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3427  
    3428 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    3429  
    3430 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    3431  
    3432  
    3433  
    3434 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3435  
    3436 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    3437  
    3438 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    3439  
    3440  
    3441  
    3442 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3443  
    3444 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3418&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3419 
     3420&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3421 
     3422&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     3423 
     3424 
     3425 
     3426&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3427 
     3428&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3429 
     3430&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     3431 
     3432 
     3433 
     3434&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3435 
     3436&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3437 
     3438&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     3439 
     3440 
     3441 
     3442&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3443 
     3444&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34453445 
    34463446&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34603460 
    34613461 
    3462 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3463  
    3464 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3462&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3463 
     3464&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34653465Probably the first thing you will want to do once your Greenstone installation is up and running is personalize the home page. The file that generates the Greenstone home page is called &lt;i&gt;home.dm&lt;/i&gt;, and is located in the &lt;i&gt;macros&lt;/i&gt; subdirectory of the directory into which you installed Greenstone. (The default for Windows systems is &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/gsdl&lt;/i&gt;.) This is a plain text file that you will have to edit to create a new home page. Instead of editing it, we recommend creating a new file, say &lt;i&gt;yourhome.dm&lt;/i&gt;. This will be like &lt;i&gt;home.dm&lt;/i&gt; but will define &amp;ldquo;package home&amp;rdquo;&amp;mdash;which is the bit that does the actual work&amp;mdash;in a different way. 
    34663466&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34683468 
    34693469 
    3470 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3471  
    3472 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3470&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3471 
     3472&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34733473When you make a different home page, there must be some way of linking in to the digital library pages so that you can search and browse the collections on your system. The solution that Greenstone adopts is to use &amp;ldquo;macros&amp;rdquo;. That's why the home-page file is called &amp;ldquo;.dm&amp;rdquo; and not &amp;ldquo;.html&amp;rdquo;&amp;mdash;it's a &amp;ldquo;macro&amp;rdquo; file rather than a regular &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt; file. But don't quail: the macro file basically contains just &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt;, sprinkled with a few mystical incantantations which are explained below. The macro language is a powerful facility, and only a small part of it is described below&amp;mdash;see the &lt;i&gt;Greenstone Digital Library Developer's Guide&lt;/i&gt; for more information. 
    34743474&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34843484 
    34853485 
    3486 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3487  
    3488 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3486&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3487 
     3488&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34893489Figure 3 shows an example of a new digital library home page. Each of the &amp;ldquo;Click here&amp;rdquo; links takes you to the appropriate Greenstone facility. This page was generated by the file called &lt;i&gt;yourhome.dm&lt;/i&gt; shown in Figure 4. 
    34903490&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    34923492 
    34933493 
    3494 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3495  
    3496 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3494&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3495 
     3496&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    34973497You can use Figure 4 as a template for creating your own specialized Greenstone home page. Basically, it defines a macro called &lt;i&gt;content&lt;/i&gt;. Inside the curly braces is ordinary &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt;. You could insert additional text, along with any &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt; formatting commands, to put the content that you &lt;br&gt;want to see on the page. The text is regular &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt;; if you want you can include hyperlinks and use all the other facilities that &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt; provides. 
    34983498&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    35183518 
    35193519 
    3520 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;26.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3521  
    3522 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3520&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;26.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3521 
     3522&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    35233523 
    35243524&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     
    39613961 
    39623962 
    3963 &lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;26.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3964  
    3965 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3963&lt;tr&gt;&lt;td bgcolor=&quot;White&quot; width=&quot;26.01%25&quot; rowspan=&quot;1&quot; colspan=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3964 
     3965&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    39663966 
    39673967&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/td&gt; 
     
    39793979&lt;/table&gt; 
    39803980 
    3981 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3982  
    3983 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3981&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3982 
     3983&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    39843984To make your new home page link in with other digital library pages, you need to use an appropriate magic spell. In this macro language, magic spells are words flanked by underscores. You can see these in Figure 4. For example, &lt;i&gt;_httppagehome_&lt;/i&gt; takes you to the home page, &lt;i&gt;_httppagehelp_&lt;/i&gt; to the help page, and so on. In some cases you need to include a collection name. For example, &lt;i&gt;_httpquery_&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;&amp;amp;c=demo&lt;/i&gt; specifies the search page for the demo collection; for other collections you should replace &lt;i&gt;demo&lt;/i&gt; by the appropriate collection name. 
    39853985&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    39873987 
    39883988 
    3989 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3990  
    3991 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3989&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3990 
     3991&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    39923992The definition of the macro called &lt;i&gt;_content_ &lt;/i&gt;is plain &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt;. Any standard &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt; code may be placed within a macro definition. However, the special characters `{`, `}', `/', and `_' must be escaped with a backslash to prevent them from being processed by the macro language interpreter.  
    39933993&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    39953995 
    39963996 
    3997 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    3998  
    3999 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     3997&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     3998 
     3999&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    40004000Note that the &lt;i&gt;_content_ &lt;/i&gt;macro definition does not contain any &lt;span style=&quot;text-transform:lowercase&quot;&gt;html&lt;/span&gt; header or footer. If you want to change the header or footer of your home page, you should define &lt;i&gt;_header_&lt;/i&gt; and/or &lt;i&gt;_footer_&lt;/i&gt; macros, adding them to the &lt;i&gt;yourhome.dm&lt;/i&gt; file in the form  
    40014001&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    40274027 
    40284028 
    4029 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4030  
    4031 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4029&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4030 
     4031&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    40324032For example, the squirly green bar down the left-hand side of Greenstone pages is defined in the &lt;i&gt;_header_ &lt;/i&gt;macro, and making this macro null will remove it, as indicated at the end of Figure 4. 
    40334033&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    40434043 
    40444044 
    4045 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4046  
    4047 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4045&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4046 
     4047&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    40484048You have to tell Greenstone about the new home page &lt;i&gt;yourhome.dm&lt;/i&gt;. The system reads in the macro files that are specified in the main configuration file &lt;i&gt;main.cfg&lt;/i&gt;, so if you create a new one you must include it there. Name clashes are handled sensibly: the most recent definition takes precedence.  
    40494049&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    40514051 
    40524052 
    4053 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4054  
    4055 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4053&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4054 
     4055&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    40564056Thus to make the Greenstone digital library software use the home page in Figure 3 instead of the default, first put the &lt;i&gt;yourhome.dm&lt;/i&gt; file in Figure 4 into the &lt;i&gt;macros&lt;/i&gt; directory. Then edit the &lt;i&gt;main.cfg &lt;/i&gt;configuration file to replace &lt;i&gt;home.dm&lt;/i&gt; with &lt;i&gt;yourhome.dm&lt;/i&gt; in the list of macro files that are loaded at startup.  
    40574057&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    40674067 
    40684068 
    4069 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4070  
    4071 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4069&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4070 
     4071&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    40724072You may want to redirect a more convenient URL to your Greenstone cgi program. For example, on our system the URL &lt;i&gt;http://nzdl.org&lt;/i&gt; (which is shorthand for &lt;i&gt;http://nzdl.org/index.html)&lt;/i&gt; is redirected to &lt;i&gt;http://nzdl.org/cgi-bin/library&lt;/i&gt;. The Apache webserver accomplishes this with the &lt;i&gt;Redirect&lt;/i&gt; directive. Along with other directives, this goes into the &lt;i&gt;C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache/conf/httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt; configuration file. To redirect the URL &lt;i&gt;http://www.yourserver.com&lt;/i&gt; to &lt;i&gt;http://www.yourserver.com/cgi-bin/library&lt;/i&gt;, put this line into &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt;:  
    40734073&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    40834083 
    40844084 
    4085 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4086  
    4087 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4085&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4086 
     4087&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    40884088Then you will reach your digital library system directly from the URL &lt;i&gt;http://www.yourserver.com&lt;/i&gt;. Instead, if you wanted a URL like &lt;i&gt;http://www.yourserver.com/greenstone&lt;/i&gt; to be redirected to &lt;i&gt;http://www.yourserver.com/cgi-bin/library&lt;/i&gt;, include in the &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt; file  
    40894089&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    40994099 
    41004100 
    4101 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4102  
    4103 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4101&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4102 
     4103&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    41044104If your computer doesn't have a domain name (like the &amp;ldquo;www.yourserver.com&amp;rdquo; above), just replace &lt;i&gt;www.yourserver.com&lt;/i&gt; by &lt;i&gt;localhost&lt;/i&gt; in the lines above. So long as the browser is running on the same machine as the webserver&amp;mdash;which it surely is if your computer doesn't have a domain name&amp;mdash;this has the same effect as the above redirections.  
    41054105&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    41074107 
    41084108 
    4109 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4110  
    4111 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4109&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4110 
     4111&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    41124112Instead of putting redirect directives into the file &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt;, you can equally well put them into a file called &lt;i&gt;.htaccess&lt;/i&gt; within your server's document root directory. In fact, doing so has two advantages. First, changes to &lt;i&gt;.htaccess&lt;/i&gt; take effect immediately, whereas you have to restart the Apache webserver to see the effect of changes to &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt;. Second, on Unix systems you usually have to be logged in as the &amp;ldquo;root&amp;rdquo; user to edit &lt;i&gt;httpd.conf&lt;/i&gt;, whereas you don't to edit &lt;i&gt;.htaccess&lt;/i&gt;. 
    41134113&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    41354135 
    41364136 
    4137 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4138  
    4139 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4137&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4138 
     4139&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    41404140Here is how to obtain the software packages mentioned above.  
    41414141&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    41514151 
    41524152 
    4153 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4154  
    4155 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4153&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4154 
     4155&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    41564156To run any version of Greenstone apart from the Windows Local Library version, you need an external webserver. Many installations, particularly larger ones, will already have a webserver. If you are using Linux, Apache may be on your installation disk but may not have been selected during the installation procedure. The Apache Webserver from &lt;i&gt;www.apache.org&lt;/i&gt; is free, and easy to install.  
    41574157&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    41674167 
    41684168 
    4169 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4170  
    4171 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4169&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4170 
     4171&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    41724172Greenstone uses the Perl language when building collections. For Windows, Perl is already included in the Greenstone software.  Most Unix systems already have Perl installed, but if not, source code and binaries for a wide range of Unix platforms are freely available at &lt;i&gt;www.perl.com&lt;/i&gt;. Perl version 5.0 or higher is needed. 
    41734173&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    41834183 
    41844184 
    4185 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4186  
    4187 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4185&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4186 
     4187&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    41884188The Unix version of Greenstone compiles under the Gnu C++ compiler, GCC. Greenstone makes extensive use of the C++ standard template library (we've found it to be broken on some older versions of GCC; please tell us if you have STL problems). Note that this version of Greenstone does not compile under GCC 3.0. 
    41894189&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    41994199 
    42004200 
    4201 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4202  
    4203 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4201&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4202 
     4203&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    42044204All versions of Greenstone use the Gnu Database Manager, GDBM. It is supplied with all Windows versions of Greenstone and installed automatically during the installation procedure. Linux systems already have GDBM, so we do not provide it for Linux. Most other Unix systems have it, but if necessary you can download it from &lt;i&gt;&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;&lt;/i&gt;&lt;i&gt;&lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=0&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fwww.gnu.org&quot;&gt;&lt;/i&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;i&gt;&lt;u&gt;www.gnu.org&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/i&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;i&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/i&gt;. 
    42054205&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    42154215 
    42164216 
    4217 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4218  
    4219 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4217&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4218 
     4219&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    42204220To use the Greenstone Librarian Interface, you need a suitable version of the Java Runtime Environment. If you don't already have this, a suitable version is included on the CD-ROM, or you can download the latest version from &lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=0&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fjava.sun.com%2fj2se%2fdownloads.html&quot;&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;http://java.sun.com/j2se/downloads.html&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;. Version 1.4.0 or higher is needed. 
    42214221&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    42314231 
    42324232 
    4233 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4234  
    4235 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4233&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4234 
     4235&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    42364236&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;To compile the source code of the Greenstone Librarian Interface, you must first install a Java Development Kit. You can download the J2SE Software Development Kit from &lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;DarkGreen&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;DarkGreen&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;DarkGreen&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;DarkGreen&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;a href=&quot;_httpextlink_&amp;amp;rl=0&amp;amp;href=http:%2f%2fjava.sun.com%2fj2se%2fdownloads.html&quot;&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;Blue&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;http://java.sun.com/j2se/downloads.html&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;&lt;font color=&quot;DarkGreen&quot;&gt;&lt;u&gt;&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/u&gt;&lt;/font&gt;. Version 1.4.0 or higher is needed. 
    42374237&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    42394239 
    42404240 
    4241 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4242  
    4243 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    4244  
    4245 &lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
    4246  
    4247  
    4248  
    4249 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    4250  
    4251 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4241&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4242 
     4243&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     4244 
     4245&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     4246 
     4247 
     4248 
     4249&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     4250 
     4251&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    42524252 
    42534253&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    54075407 
    54085408 
    5409 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    5410  
    5411 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: left; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     5409&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 4.17mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 34.46mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     5410 
     5411&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 4.166667mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    54125412 
    54135413&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
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    745745 
    746746&lt;ul&gt; 
    747 &lt;li value=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    748  
    749 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: left; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     747&lt;li value=&quot;1&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     748 
     749&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    750750&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;have a unique syntax (rather than re-using an existing language such as JavaScript or PHP)&lt;/font&gt; 
    751751&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    753753 
    754754 
    755 &lt;li value=&quot;2&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    756  
    757 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: left; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     755&lt;li value=&quot;2&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     756 
     757&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    758758&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;have a different syntax to conditional statements in Greenstone formatting statements&lt;/font&gt; 
    759759&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    761761 
    762762 
    763 &lt;li value=&quot;3&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    764  
    765 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: left; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     763&lt;li value=&quot;3&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     764 
     765&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    766766&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;have no error checking at design time (such as the red underlining of spell checkers or Visual Studio)&lt;/font&gt; 
    767767&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
     
    769769 
    770770 
    771 &lt;li value=&quot;4&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
    772  
    773 &lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: left; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
     771&lt;li value=&quot;4&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 12.50mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
     772 
     773&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: -6.25mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 6.250000mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    774774&lt;font color=&quot;Black&quot;&gt;have no integrated documentation (such as found in modern programming development environments)&lt;/font&gt; 
    775775&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/li&gt; 
  • other-projects/nightly-tasks/diffcol/trunk/model-collect/Customization/index/build.cfg

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     161 
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    163163This paper describes the Greenstone digital library software, a comprehensive, open-source system for the construction and presentation of information collections. Collections built with Greenstone offer effective full-text searching and metadata-based browsing facilities that are attractive and easy to use. Moreover, they are easily maintainable and can be augmented and rebuilt entirely automatically. The system is extensible: software &amp;ldquo;plugins&amp;rdquo; accommodate different document and metadata types. 
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    174174 
    175175 
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     177 
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    179179Notwithstanding intense research activity in the digital library field during the second half of the 1990s, comprehensive software systems for creating digital libraries are not widely available. In fact, the usual solution when creating a digital library is also the most obvious&amp;mdash;just put it on the Web. But consider how much effort is involved in constructing a Web site for a digital library. To be effective it needs to be visually attractive and ergonomically easy to use, incorporate convenient and powerful searching capabilities, and offer rich and natural browsing facilities. Above all it must be easy to maintain and augment, which presents a significant challenge if any manual organization is involved.  
    180180&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    182182 
    183183 
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    187187The alternative is to automate these activities through software tools. But the broad scope of digital library requirements makes this a daunting prospect. Ideally the software should incorporate facilities ranging from multilingual information retrieval to distributed computing protocols, from interoperability to search engine technology, from metadata standards to multiformat document parsing, from multimedia to multiple operating systems, from Web browsers to plug-and-play DVDs.  
    188188&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    190190 
    191191 
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     193 
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    195195The Greenstone Digital Library Software from the New Zealand Digital Library (NZDL) project tackles this issue by providing a new way of organizing information and making it available over the Internet. A &lt;i&gt;collection&lt;/i&gt; of information comprises several (typically several thousand, or several million) &lt;i&gt;documents&lt;/i&gt;, and a uniform interface is provided to all documents in a collection. A library may include many different collections, each organized differently&amp;mdash;though there is a strong family resemblance in how collections are presented. 
    196196&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    198198 
    199199 
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     202&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    203203Making information available using this system is far more than &amp;ldquo;just putting it on the Web.&amp;rdquo; The collection becomes maintainable, searchable, and browsable. Each collection, prior to presentation, undergoes a &amp;ldquo;building&amp;rdquo; process that, once established, is completely automatic. This process creates all the structures that are used at run-time for accessing the collection. Searching is based on various indexes, while browsing is based on various metadata; support structures for both are created during the building operation. When new material appears it can be fully incorporated into the collection by rebuilding. 
    204204&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    206206 
    207207 
    208 &lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;left&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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     208&lt;p&gt;&lt;div name=&quot;paragraph&quot; align=&quot;justify&quot; style=&quot;margin: 2.08mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm;  padding: 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm 0.00mm; &quot;&gt;  
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    211211To address the exceptionally broad demands of digital libraries, the system is public and extensible. It is issued under the Gnu public license and, in the spirit of open-source software, users are invited to contribute modifications and enhancements. Only through an international cooperative effort will digital library software become sufficiently comprehensive to meet the world's needs. Currently the Greenstone software is used at sites in Canada, Germany, New Zealand, Romania, UK, and the US, and collections range from newspaper articles to technical documents, from educational journals to oral history, from visual art to folksongs. The software has been used for collections in many different languages, and for CD-ROMs that have been published by the United Nations and other humanitarian agencies in Belgium, France, Japan, and the US for distribution in developing countries (Humanity Libraries, 1998; PAHO, 1999; UNESCO, 1999; UNU, 1998). Further details can be obtained from &lt;i&gt;www.nzdl.org&lt;/i&gt;. 
    212212&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    230230 
    231231 
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    233  
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     233 
     234&lt;p style=&quot;text-indent: 0.00mm; text-align: justify; line-height: 3.819444mm; color: Black; background-color: White; &quot;&gt; 
    235235This paper sets the scene with a brief discussion of what a digital library is. We then give an overview of the facilities offered by Greenstone and show how end users find information in collections. Next we describe the files and directories involved in a collection, and then discuss the processes of updating existing collections and creating new ones, including extending the software to provide new facilities. We conclude with an overview of related work. 
    236236&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
    246246 
    247247 
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    251251Ten definitions of the term &amp;ldquo;digital library&amp;rdquo; have been culled from the literature by Fox (1998), and their spirit is captured in the following brief characterization:  
    252252&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    267267(Akscyn and Witten, 1998). Lesk (1998) views digital libraries as &amp;ldquo;organized collections of digital information,&amp;rdquo; and wisely recommends that they articulate the principles governing what is included and how the collection is organized. 
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    275275Digital libraries are generally distinguished from the World-Wide Web, the essential difference being in selection and organization. But they are not generally distinguished from a web &lt;i&gt;site&lt;/i&gt;: indeed, virtually all extant digital libraries manifest themselves as a web site. Hence the obvious question: to make a digital library, why not just put the information on the Web?  
    276276&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    283283But we make a distinction between a digital library and a web site that lies at the heart of our software design: one should easily be able to add new material to a library without having to integrate it manually or edit its content in any way. Once added, new material should immediately become a first-class component of the library. And what permits it to be integrated into existing searching and browsing structures without any manual intervention is &lt;i&gt;metadata&lt;/i&gt;. This provides sufficient focus to the concept of &amp;ldquo;digital library&amp;rdquo; to support the development of a construction kit. 
    284284&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    299299Information collections built by Greenstone combine extensive full-text search facilities with browsing indexes based on different metadata types. There are several ways for users to find information, although they differ between collections depending on the metadata available and the collection design. Typically you can &lt;i&gt;search for particular words&lt;/i&gt; that appear in the text, or within a section of a document, or within a title or section heading. You can &lt;i&gt;browse documents by title&lt;/i&gt;: just click on the displayed book icon to read it. You can &lt;i&gt;browse documents by subject&lt;/i&gt;. Subjects are represented by bookshelves: just click on a shelf to see the books. Where appropriate, documents come complete with a table of contents (constructed automatically): you can click on a chapter or subsection to open it, expand the full table of contents, or expand the full document.  
    300300&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    307307An example of searching is shown in Figure 1 where documents in the Global Help Project's Humanity Development Library (HDL) are being searched for chapters matching the word &lt;i&gt;butterfly&lt;/i&gt;. In Figure 2 the same collection is being browsed by subject: by clicking on the bookshelf icons the user has discovered an item under Section 16, Animal Husbandry. Pursuing an interest in butterfly farming, the user selects a book by clicking on its book icon. In Figure 3 the front cover of the book is displayed as a graphic on the left, and the automatically constructed table of contents appears at the start of the document. The current focus, &lt;i&gt;Introduction and Summary&lt;/i&gt;, is shown in bold in the table of contents with its text starting further down the page. 
    308308&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    315315In accordance with Lesk's advice, a statement of purpose and coverage accompanies each collection, along with an explanation of how it is organized (Figure 1 shows the start of this). A distinction is made between &lt;i&gt;searching&lt;/i&gt; and &lt;i&gt;browsing&lt;/i&gt;. Searching is full-text, and&amp;mdash;depending on the collection's design&amp;mdash;the user can choose between indexes built from different parts of the documents, or from different metadata. Some collections have an index of full documents, an index of sections, an index of paragraphs, an index of titles, and an index of section headings, each of which can be searched for particular words or phrases. Browsing involves data structures created from metadata that the user can examine: lists of authors, lists of titles, lists of dates, hierarchical classification structures, and so on. Data structures for both browsing and searching are built according to instructions in a configuration file, which controls both building and serving the collection. Sample configuration files are discussed below. 
    316316&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    347347Rich browsing facilities can be provided by manually linking parts of documents together and building explicit indexes and tables of contents. However, manually-created linking becomes difficult to maintain, and often falls into disrepair when a collection expands. The Greenstone software takes a different tack: it facilitates &lt;i&gt;maintainability&lt;/i&gt; by creating all searching and browsing structures automatically from the documents themselves. No links are inserted by hand. This means that when new documents in the same format become available, they can be added automatically. Indeed, for some collections this is done by processes that wake up regularly, scout for new material, and rebuild the indexes&amp;mdash;all without manual intervention. 
    348348&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    355355Collections comprise many documents: thousands, tens of thousands, or even millions. Each document may be hierarchically organized into &lt;i&gt;sections&lt;/i&gt; (subsections, sub-subsections, and so on). Each section comprises one or more &lt;i&gt;paragraphs&lt;/i&gt;. Metadata such as author, title, date, keywords, and so on, may be associated with documents, or with individual sections of documents. This is the raw material for indexes. It must either be provided explicitly for each document and section (for example, in an accompanying spreadsheet) or be derivable automatically from the source documents. Metadata is converted to Dublin Core and stored with the document for internal use. 
    356356&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    363363In order to accommodate different kinds of source documents, the software is organized so that &amp;ldquo;plugins&amp;rdquo; can be written for new document types. Plugins exist for plain text documents, HTML documents, email documents, and bibliographic formats. Word documents are handled by saving them as HTML; PostScript ones by applying a preprocessor (Nevill-Manning &lt;i&gt;et al&lt;/i&gt;., 1998). Specially written plugins also exist for proprietary formats such as that used by the BBC archives department. A collection may have source documents in different forms: it is just a matter of specifying all the necessary plugins. In order to build browsing indexes from metadata, an analogous scheme of &amp;ldquo;classifiers&amp;rdquo; is used: classifiers create indexes of various kinds based on metadata. Source documents are brought into the Greenstone system through a process called &lt;i&gt;importing&lt;/i&gt;, which uses the plugins and classifiers specified in the collection configuration file.  
    364364&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    371371The international Unicode character set is used throughout, so documents&amp;mdash;and interfaces&amp;mdash;can be written in any language. Collections have so far been produced in English, French, Spanish, German, Maori, Chinese, and Arabic. The NZDL Web site provides numerous examples. Collections can contain text, pictures, and even audio and video clips; a text-only version of the interface is also provided to accommodate visually impaired users. Compression technology is used to ensure best use of storage (Witten &lt;i&gt;et al&lt;/i&gt;., 1999). Most non-textual material is either linked to textual documents or accompanied by textual descriptions (such as photo captions) to allow full-text searching and browsing. However, the architecture permits the implementation of plugins and classifiers even for non-textual data. 
    372372&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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    379379The system includes an &amp;ldquo;administrative&amp;rdquo; function whereby specified users can examine the composition of all collections, protect documents so that they can only be accessed by registered users on presentation of a password, and so on. Logs of user activity are kept that record all queries made to every Greenstone collection (though this facility can be disabled). 
    380380&lt;/p&gt;&lt;/div&gt; 
     
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