source: gsdl/trunk/macros/english.dm@ 15066

Last change on this file since 15066 was 15066, checked in by anna, 14 years ago

Improved English expressions for searching, thanks to John Rose.

  • Property svn:executable set to *
  • Property svn:keywords set to Author Date Id Revision
File size: 35.0 KB
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1# this file must be UTF-8 encoded
2#####################################################################
3#
4# English Language text and icon macros
5#
6######################################################################
7#
8# This is the main macro file for translation when creating an
9# interface in another language.
10
11# Under the 'text macros' comments are text macros of the form:
12# _macroname_ {macro value}
13# Everything between the {} is the text to be translated. This text
14# may itself contain macros (i.e. characters other than space between
15# underscore characters, e.g. _about:numdocs_ or _textpage_). These
16# macro names occurring within text shouldn't be translated but should
17# be left as they are. Underscores or curly brackets occurring
18# naturally within the text should be escaped with a leading backslash
19# (i.e. '\_', '\{' or '\}).
20#
21# Comment lines (other than those described above) need not be
22# translated (i.e. any lines beginning with '#', like this line).
23#
24# The simplest way to translate this file is to save it as something
25# else (e.g. french.dm) and work through translating all the text
26# macro values and icon comments.
27#
28######################################################################
29
30
31######################################################################
32# Global (base) package
33package Global
34######################################################################
35
36
37#------------------------------------------------------------
38# text macros
39#------------------------------------------------------------
40
41_textperiodicals_ {Periodicals}
42
43# these three used by the default format statement of the demo and dls collections.
44_textsource_ {source ref: }
45_textdate_ {publication date: }
46_textnumpages_ {no. of pages: }
47
48_textsignin_ {sign in}
49
50_textdefaultcontent_ {The requested page could not be found. Please use
51your browsers 'back' button or the above home button to return to the
52Greenstone Digital Library.}
53
54_textdefaulttitle_ {GSDL Error}
55
56_textbadcollection_ {This collection (called "_cvariable_") is not installed on this Greenstone digital library system.}
57
58_textselectpage_ {-- Select Page --}
59
60_collectionextra_ {This collection contains _about:numdocs_ documents.
61It was last built _about:builddate_ days ago.}
62
63# this is only used by the collector (where the above _collectionextra_
64# macro will always be set to another value)
65_collectorextra_ {
66<p>This collection contains _numdocs_ _If_("_numdocs_" eq "1",document,documents), a total of _numbytes_ of indexed text and metadata.
67<p><a href="_httppagex_(bsummary)">Click here</a> to view the build summary for this collection.
68}
69
70_textdescrcollection_ {}
71_textdescrabout_ {About page}
72_textdescrhome_ {Home page}
73_textdescrhelp_ {Help page}
74_textdescrpref_ {Preferences page}
75_textdescrgreenstone_ {Greenstone Digital Library Software}
76_textdescrusab_ {What did you find hard to use?}
77
78
79# Metadata names and navigation bar labels
80
81_textSearch_ {Search}
82_labelSearch_ {Search}
83
84# Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1
85_textTitle_ {Title}
86_labelTitle_ {Titles}
87_textCreator_ {Creator}
88_labelCreator_ {Creators}
89_textSubject_ {Subject}
90_labelSubject_ {Subjects}
91_textDescription_ {Description}
92_labelDescription_ {Descriptions}
93_textPublisher_ {Publisher}
94_labelPublisher_ {Publishers}
95_textContributor_ {Contributor}
96_labelContributor_ {Contributors}
97_textDate_ {Date}
98_labelDate_ {Dates}
99_textType_ {Type}
100_labelType_ {Types}
101_textFormat_ {Format}
102_labelFormat_ {Formats}
103_textIdentifier_ {Identifier}
104_labelIdentifier_ {Identifiers}
105_textSource_ {Filename} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
106_labelSource_ {Filenames} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
107_textLanguage_ {Language}
108_labelLanguage_ {Languages}
109_textRelation_ {Relation}
110_labelRelation_ {Relations}
111_textCoverage_ {Coverage}
112_labelCoverage_ {Coverage}
113_textRights_ {Rights}
114_labelRights_ {Rights}
115
116# DLS metadata set
117_textOrganization_ {Organization}
118_labelOrganization_ {Organizations}
119_textKeyword_ {Keyword}
120_labelKeyword_ {Keywords}
121_textHowto_ {How to}
122_labelHowto_ {How to}
123
124# Miscellaneous Greenstone metadata
125_textPhrase_ {Phrase}
126_labelPhrase_ {Phrases}
127_textCollage_ {Collage}
128_labelCollage_ {Collage}
129_textBrowse_ {Browse}
130_labelBrowse_ {Browse}
131_textTo_ {To}
132_labelTo_ {To}
133_textFrom_ {From}
134_labelFrom_ {From}
135_textAcronym_ {Acronym}
136_labelAcronym_ {Acronyms}
137
138# Navigation bar tooltip - to customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textdescrXXX_ where XXX is the metadata name
139_textdescrdefault_ {Browse by _1_}
140
141_textdescrSearch_ {Search for specific terms}
142_textdescrType_ {Browse by resource type}
143_textdescrIdentifier_ {Browse by resource identifier}
144_textdescrSource_ {Browse by original filename} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
145_textdescrTo_ {Browse by To field}
146_textdescrFrom_ {Browse by From field}
147_textdescrCollage_ {Browse by image collage}
148_textdescrAcronym_ {Browse acronyms}
149_textdescrPhrase_ {Browse phrases}
150_textdescrHowto_ {Browse how to categories}
151_textdescrBrowse_ {Browse documents}
152_texticontext_ {View the document}
153_texticonclosedbook_ {open this document and view contents}
154_texticonnext_ {to next section}
155_texticonprev_ {to previous section}
156
157_texticonworld_ {View the web document}
158
159_texticonmidi_ {View the MIDI document}
160_texticonmsword_ {View the Microsoft Word document}
161_texticonmp3_ {View the MP3 document}
162_texticonpdf_ {View the PDF document}
163_texticonps_ {View the PostScript document}
164_texticonppt_ {View the PowerPoint document}
165_texticonrtf_ {View the RTF document}
166_texticonxls_ {View the Microsoft Excel document}
167
168_page_ {page }
169_pages_ {pages}
170_of_ { of }
171_vol_ {Vol.}
172_num_ {No.}
173
174_textmonth00_ {}
175_textmonth01_ {January}
176_textmonth02_ {February}
177_textmonth03_ {March}
178_textmonth04_ {April}
179_textmonth05_ {May}
180_textmonth06_ {June}
181_textmonth07_ {July}
182_textmonth08_ {August}
183_textmonth09_ {September}
184_textmonth10_ {October}
185_textmonth11_ {November}
186_textmonth12_ {December}
187
188_textdocument_ {Document}
189_textsection_ {Section}
190_textparagraph_ {Paragraph}
191
192_magazines_ {Magazines}
193
194_nzdlpagefooter_ {<div class="divbar">&nbsp;</div>
195<p><a href="http://www.nzdl.org">New Zealand Digital Library Project</a>
196<br><a href="http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz">Department of Computer Science</a>,
197<a href="http://www.waikato.ac.nz">University of Waikato</a>,
198New Zealand}
199
200_linktextHOME_ {HOME}
201_linktextHELP_ {HELP}
202_linktextPREFERENCES_ {PREFERENCES}
203
204
205######################################################################
206# 'home' page
207package home
208######################################################################
209
210_textpagetitle_ {Greenstone Digital Library}
211
212_textnocollections_ {No valid (i.e. built and public) collections are available}
213
214_textadmin_ {Administration Page}
215_textabgs_ {About Greenstone}
216_textgsdocs_ {Greenstone Documentation}
217
218_textdescradmin_ {
219Allows you to add new users, summarizes the collections in the system,
220gives technical information on the Greenstone installation
221}
222
223_textdescrgogreenstone_ {
224Tells you about the Greenstone software and the New Zealand Digital Library
225Project where it originated
226}
227
228_textdescrgodocs_ {Greenstone manuals}
229
230#####################################################################
231# some macros used on the home page from other packages
232#####################################################################
233package gli
234
235_textgli_ {The Librarian Interface}
236_textdescrgli_ {
237Helps you create new collections, modify or add to existing ones, or delete
238collections
239}
240
241package collector
242
243_textcollector_ {The Collector}
244_textdescrcollector_ {
245This predates the librarian interface, and for most practical purposes the librarian interface should be used instead
246}
247
248package depositor
249
250_textdepositor_ {The Depositor}
251_textdescrdepositor_ {
252Helps you to add documents to existing collections
253}
254
255package gti
256
257_textgti_ {The Greenstone Translator Interface}
258_textdescrtranslator_ {
259Helps you keep the multilingual versions of the Greenstone interface
260up to date
261}
262
263
264######################################################################
265# 'about' page
266package about
267######################################################################
268
269
270#------------------------------------------------------------
271# text macros
272#------------------------------------------------------------
273
274_textabcol_ {About this collection}
275
276_textsubcols1_ {<p>The complete collection comprises _1_ subcollections.
277Those currently available are:
278<blockquote>}
279
280_textsubcols2_ {</blockquote>
281You can check (and alter) which subcollections you are
282currently using on the Preferences page.}
283
284_titleabout_ {about}
285
286
287######################################################################
288# document package
289package document
290######################################################################
291
292
293#------------------------------------------------------------
294# text macros
295#------------------------------------------------------------
296
297_texticonopenbookshelf_ {close this section of the library}
298_texticonclosedbookshelf_ {open this section of the library and view contents}
299_texticonopenbook_ {close this book}
300_texticonclosedfolder_ {Open this folder and view contents}
301_texticonclosedfolder2_ {open sub-section: }
302_texticonopenfolder_ {close this folder}
303_texticonopenfolder2_ {close sub-section: }
304_texticonsmalltext_ {View this section of the text}
305_texticonsmalltext2_ {view text: }
306_texticonpointer_ {current section}
307_texticondetach_ {Open this page in a new window}
308_texticonhighlight_ {Highlight search terms}
309_texticonnohighlight_ {Don't highlight search terms}
310_texticoncontracttoc_ {Collapse table of contents}
311_texticonexpandtoc_ {Expand table of contents}
312_texticonexpandtext_ {Display all text}
313_texticoncontracttext_ {Display text only for currently selected section}
314_texticonwarning_ {<b>Warning: </b>}
315_texticoncont_ {continue?}
316
317_textltwarning_ {<div class="buttons">_imagecont_</div>
318_iconwarning_Expanding the text here will generate a large
319amount of data for your browser to display
320}
321
322_textgoto_ {go to page}
323_textintro_ { <i>(introductory text)</i>}
324
325_textCONTINUE_ {CONTINUE?}
326
327_textEXPANDTEXT_ {EXPAND TEXT}
328
329_textCONTRACTCONTENTS_ {CONTRACT CONTENTS}
330
331_textDETACH_ {DETACH}
332
333_textEXPANDCONTENTS_ {EXPAND CONTENTS}
334
335_textCONTRACT_ {CONTRACT TEXT}
336
337_textHIGHLIGHT_ {HIGHLIGHTING}
338
339_textNOHIGHLIGHT_ {NO HIGHLIGHTING}
340
341_textPRINT_ {PRINT}
342
343_textnextsearchresult_{next search result}
344_textprevsearchresult_{previous search result}
345
346# macros for printing page
347_textreturnoriginal_ {Return to the original page}
348_textprintpage_ {Print this page}
349_textshowcontents_ {Show the table of contents}
350_texthidecontents_ {Hide the table of contents}
351
352######################################################################
353# 'search' page
354package query
355######################################################################
356
357
358#------------------------------------------------------------
359# text macros
360#------------------------------------------------------------
361
362# this if statement produces the text 'results n1 - nn for query: querystring' or
363# 'No matches for query: querystring', depending on whether or not there were
364# any matches
365_textquerytitle_ {_If_(_thislast_,results _thisfirst_ - _thislast_ for query: _cgiargq_,No matches for query: _cgiargq_)}
366_textnoquerytitle_ {Search page}
367
368_textsome_ {some}
369_textall_ {all}
370_textboolean_ {boolean}
371_textranked_ {ranked}
372_textnatural_ {natural}
373_textsortbyrank_ {relevance rank}
374_texticonsearchhistorybar_ {search history}
375
376_textifeellucky_ {I'm feeling lucky!}
377
378#alt text for query buttons
379_textusequery_ {use this query}
380_textfreqmsg1_ {Word count: }
381_textpostprocess_ {_If_(_quotedquery_,<br><i>post-processed to find _quotedquery_</i>
382)}
383_textinvalidquery_ {Invalid query syntax}
384_textstopwordsmsg_ {The following words are too common and were ignored: }
385_textlucenetoomanyclauses_ {Your query contained too many search terms; please try a more specific query.}
386
387_textmorethan_ {More than }
388_textapprox_ {About }
389_textnodocs_ {No documents matched the query.}
390_text1doc_ {1 document matched the query.}
391_textlotsdocs_ {documents matched the query.}
392_textmatches_ {Matches }
393_textbeginsearch_ {Begin Search}
394_textrunquery_ {Run Query}
395_textclearform_ {Clear Form}
396
397#these go together in form search:
398#"Words (fold, stem) ... in field"
399_textwordphrase_ {Words}
400_textinfield_ {... in field}
401_textfoldstem_ {(fold, stem)}
402
403_textadvquery_ {Or enter a query directly:}
404_textallfields_ {all fields}
405_texttextonly_ {text only}
406_textand_ {and}
407_textor_ {or}
408_textandnot_ {and not}
409
410# _indexselection_, _jselection_, _nselection_ and _gselection_ are set from
411# within the server - _indexselection_ is always set, but the others may be
412# unset
413
414_textsimplesearch_ {Search in _indexselection_ _If_(_jselection_,associated with _jselection_ )_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_,in _nselection_ language )that contain(s) _querytypeselection_ of the words_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_)}
415
416_textadvancedsearch_ {Search in _indexselection_ _If_(_jselection_,of _jselection_ )_If_(_gselection_,at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_,in _nselection_ language )using _querytypeselection_ query}
417
418_textadvancedmgppsearch_ {Search in _indexselection_ _If_(_jselection_,associated with _jselection_ )_If_(_gselection_,at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_,in _nselection_ language ), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for}
419
420_textadvancedlucenesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
421
422_textformsimplesearch_ {Search in _If_(_jselection_, _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for _formquerytypesimpleselection_ of }
423
424_textformadvancedsearchmgpp_ {Search in _If_(_jselection_,_jselection_ )_If_(_gformselection_,at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_,in _nselection_ language )and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order: }
425
426_textformadvancedsearchlucene_ {Search in _If_(_jselection_, _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
427
428_textnojsformwarning_ {Warning: Javascript is disabled in your web browser. <br>To use form searching, please enable it.}
429_textdatesearch_ {This collection can be searched for documents within a date range, or documents that contain a particular date. This is an optional feature of the search.}
430_textstartdate_ {Start (or only) date:}
431_textenddate_ {End date:}
432_textbc_ {B.C.E.}
433_textad_ {C.E.}
434_textexplaineras_ {C.E. and B.C.E are alternatives for A.D. and B.C. respectively. These terms are considered to be culture indiscriminate, and stand for "Common Era" and "Before the Common Era"}
435
436_textstemon_ { (ignoring word endings)}
437
438_textsearchhistory_ {Search History}
439
440#text macros for search history
441_textnohistory_ {No entries in the search history}
442_texthresult_ {result}
443_texthresults_ {results}
444_texthallwords_ {all words}
445_texthsomewords_ {some words}
446_texthboolean_ {boolean}
447_texthranked_ {ranked}
448_texthcaseon_ {case must match}
449_texthcaseoff_ {casefolded}
450_texthstemon_ {stemmed}
451_texthstemoff_ {unstemmed}
452
453
454######################################################################
455# 'preferences' page
456package preferences
457######################################################################
458
459
460#------------------------------------------------------------
461# text macros
462#------------------------------------------------------------
463
464_textprefschanged_ {
465Preferences have been set as follows. Do not use your browser's
466"back" button - it will unset them! Instead, click one of the
467buttons on the access bar above.
468}
469_textsetprefs_ {set preferences}
470_textsearchprefs_ {Search preferences}
471_textcollectionprefs_ {Collection preferences}
472_textpresentationprefs_ {Presentation preferences}
473_textpreferences_ {Preferences}
474_textcasediffs_ {Case differences:}
475_textignorecase_ {ignore case differences}
476_textmatchcase_ {upper/lower case must match}
477_textwordends_ {Word endings:}
478_textstem_ {ignore word endings}
479_textnostem_ {whole word must match}
480_textaccentdiffs_ {Accent differences:}
481_textignoreaccents_ {ignore accents}
482_textmatchaccents_ {accents must match}
483
484_textprefop_ {Return up to _maxdocoption_ hits with _hitsperpageoption_ hits per page.}
485_textextlink_ {Access to external Web pages:}
486_textintlink_ {Source documents retrieved from:}
487_textlanguage_ {Interface language:}
488_textencoding_ {Encoding:}
489_textformat_ {Interface format:}
490_textall_ {all}
491_textquerymode_ {Query mode:}
492_textsimplemode_ {simple query mode}
493_textadvancedmode_ {advanced query mode (allows boolean searching using !, &amp;, |, and parentheses)}
494_textlinkinterm_ {through intermediate page}
495_textlinkdirect_ {go directly there}
496_textdigitlib_ {the digital library}
497_textweb_ {the web}
498_textgraphical_ {Graphical}
499_texttextual_ {Textual}
500_textcollectionoption_ {<p>
501Subcollections to include:
502<br>}
503
504_textsearchtype_ {Query style:}
505_textformsearchtype_ {fielded with _formnumfieldoption_ fields}
506_textplainsearchtype_ {normal with _boxsizeoption_ query box}
507_textregularbox_ {single line}
508_textlargebox_ {large}
509
510_textrelateddocdisplay_ {display related documents}
511_textsearchhistory_ {Search history:}
512_textnohistory_ {No search history}
513_texthistorydisplay_ {display _historynumrecords_ search history records}
514_textnohistorydisplay_ {do not display search history}
515
516
517#####################################################################
518# 'browse' package for the dynamic browsing interface
519package browse
520#####################################################################
521
522_textsortby_ {Sort documents by}
523_textalsoshowing_ {also showing}
524_textwith_ {with at most}
525_textdocsperpage_ {documents per page}
526
527_textfilterby_ {Get documents containing}
528_textall_ {all}
529_textany_ {any}
530_textwords_ {of the words}
531_textleaveblank_ {leave this box blank to get all the documents}
532
533_browsebuttontext_ {"Sort Documents"}
534
535_nodata_ {<i>no data</i>}
536_docs_ {documents}
537######################################################################
538# 'help' page -- this is lower priority for translating than the
539# rest of this file
540package help
541######################################################################
542
543
544#------------------------------------------------------------
545# text macros
546#------------------------------------------------------------
547
548_textHelp_ {Help}
549
550# Macros giving a brief help message for navigation bar access buttons
551# The arguments to this will be _textXXX_ and _labelXXX_, where XXX is the metadata name. For example, to print out the help message for a titles classifier, the library will use _textdefaulthelp_(_textTitle_,_labelTitle_)
552# To customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textXXXhelp_ where XXX is the metadata name
553_textdefaulthelp_{browse documents by _1_ by clicking the _2_ button}
554
555_textSearchhelp_ {search for particular words that appear in the text by clicking the _labelSearch_ button}
556_textTohelp_ {browse documents by To field by clicking the _labelTo_ button}
557_textFromhelp_ {browse documents by From field by clicking the _labelFrom_ button}
558_textBrowsehelp_ {browse documents}
559_textAcronymhelp_ {browse documents by acronym occurrence by clicking the _labelAcronym_ button}
560_textPhrasehelp_ {browse phrases occurring in documents by clicking the _labelPhrase_ button. This uses the phind phrase browser.}
561
562_texthelptopicstitle_ {Topics}
563
564_textreadingdocs_ {How to read the documents}
565
566_texthelpreadingdocs_ {
567<p>You can tell when you have arrived at an individual book or document
568because its title, or a photograph of the front cover, appears at the top
569left of the page. In some collections this is accompanied by a table of
570contents, while others contain just the number of the current page along
571with a box that allows you to select a new page and go forward and
572backward. In the table of contents, the current section heading is in bold
573face, and the table is expandable -- click on the folders to open or close
574them; click on the open book at the top to close it.</p>
575
576<p>Underneath is the text of the current section. When you have read
577through it, there are arrows at the bottom to take you on to the next
578section or back to the previous one.</p>
579
580<p>Below the title or front-cover photograph are some buttons. Click on
581<i>_document:textEXPANDTEXT_</i> to expand out the whole text of the current section, or
582book. If the document is large, this could take a long time and use a lot
583of memory! Click on <i>_document:textEXPANDCONTENTS_</i> to expand out the whole table of
584contents so that you can see the titles of all chapters and
585subsections. Click on <i>_document:textDETACH_</i> to make a new browser window for this
586document. (This is useful if you want to compare documents, or read two at
587once.) Finally, when you do a search the words you search for are
588highlighted. Click on <i>_document:textNOHIGHLIGHT_</i> to remove highlighting.</p>
589}
590
591# help about the icons
592_texthelpopenbookshelf_ {Open this bookshelf}
593_texthelpopenbook_ {Open/close this book}
594_texthelpviewtextsection_ {View this section of the text}
595_texthelpexpandtext_ {Display all text, or not}
596_texthelpexpandcontents_ {Expand table of contents, or not}
597_texthelpdetachpage_ {Open this page in a new window}
598_texthelphighlight_ {Highlight search terms, or not}
599_texthelpsectionarrows_ {Go to the previous/next section}
600
601
602_texthelpsearchingtitle_ {How to search for particular words}
603
604_texthelpsearching_ {
605<p>
606 From the search page, you make a query in these simple steps:<p>
607
608 <ol><li>Specify what items you want to search
609 <li>Say whether you want to search for all or just some of the words
610 <li>Type in the words you want to search for
611 <li>Click the <i>Begin Search</i> button
612 </ol>
613
614<p>When you make a query, the titles of twenty matching documents will be shown.
615There is a button at the end to take you on to the next twenty documents. From
616there you will find buttons to take you on to the third twenty or back to the
617first twenty, and so on. Click the title of any document, or the little button
618beside it, to see it.
619
620<p>A maximum of 100 is imposed on the number of
621 documents returned. You can change this number by clicking the
622 <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page.<p>
623}
624
625_texthelpquerytermstitle_ {Search terms}
626_texthelpqueryterms_ {
627<p>Whatever you type into the query box is interpreted as a list of words or phrases
628called "search terms." A term is a single word containing only letters and digits, or a phrase consisting of a sequence of words enclosed in double quotes ("..."). Terms are separated by white spaces. If any other characters such
629as punctuation appear, they serve to separate terms just as though they were
630spaces. And then they are ignored. You can't search for words that include
631punctuation.
632
633<p>For example, the query<p>
634 <ul><kbd>Agro-forestry in the Pacific Islands: Systems for Sustainability (1993)</kbd></ul>
635 <p>will be treated the same as<p>
636 <ul><kbd>Agro forestry in the Pacific Islands Systems for Sustainability 1993 </kbd></ul><p>
637}
638
639_texthelpmgppsearching_ {
640For collections built with MGPP a few other options are available.
641
642<ul>
643<li>A <b>*</b> at the end of a query term matches all words <b>starting with</b> that word, e.g. <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
644<li><b>/x</b> can be used to give higher weight to one or more of the query terms, eg <b>computer/10 science</b> gives computer 10 times more weight than science when ranking documents.
645</ul>
646}
647
648_texthelplucenesearching_ {
649For collections built with Lucene a few other options are available.
650
651<ul>
652<li><b>?</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of a single letter. For example, <b>b?t</b> will match <b>bet</b>, <b>bit</b> and <b>bat</b> etc.
653<li><b>*</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of multiple letters. For example, <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
654</ul>
655Both of these wildcards can be used in the middle of a term, or at the end. They cannot be used at the start of a search term.
656}
657
658_texthelpquerytypetitle_ {Query type}
659_texthelpquerytype_ {
660<p>There are two different kinds of query.
661
662<ul>
663 <li>Queries for <b>all</b> of the words. These look for documents (or
664 chapters, or titles) that contain all the words you have specified.
665 Documents that satisfy the query are displayed, in build order.
666<p>
667
668 <li>Queries for <b>some</b> of the words. Just list some terms that are
669 likely to appear in the documents you are looking for. Documents are
670 displayed in order of how closely they match the query. When determining
671 the degree of match,
672
673 <p><ul>
674 <li> the more search term occurrences a document contains, the closer it matches;
675 <li> terms which are rare in the collection as a whole are more important than common ones;
676 <li> short documents match better than long ones.
677 </ul>
678</ul>
679
680<p>Use as many search terms as you like--a whole sentence, or even a
681whole paragraph. If you specify only
682one term, documents will be ordered by its frequency of occurrence.<p>
683}
684
685_texthelpadvancedsearchtitle_ {Advanced searching using the _1_ search engine}
686
687_texthelpadvancedsearch_ {
688<p>If you have selected advanced query mode (in preferences) you have slightly different search options. _selectadvancedsearch_
689}
690
691_texthelpadvsearchmg_ {
692Advanced searching in MG collections gives you two options, ranked and boolean.
693A <b>ranked</b> search is exactly the same as the <b>some</b> search descibed in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>.
694<p>_texthelpbooleansearch_
695}
696
697_texthelpbooleansearch_ {
698A <b>boolean</b> search allows you to combine terms
699using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for grouping if desired. The default operator is | (for "or").
700<p>
701For example, <b>snail &amp; farming</b> will match documents which contain both <b>snail</b> AND <b>farming</b>, whereas <b>snail | farming</b> will match documents that contain either <b>snail</b> OR <b>farming</b>.
702<b>snail !farming</b> will match documents that contain <b>snail</b> AND DO NOT contain <b>farming</b>.
703<p>
704More precise queries can be specified using combinations of operators and parentheses. For example, <b>(sheep | cattle) &amp; (farm | station)</b>, or <b>sheep | cattle | goat !pig</b>.
705}
706
707_texthelpadvsearchmgpp_ {
708Advanced searches in MGPP collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
709<p>The results can be displayed in <b>ranked</b> order, as described for the <b>some</b> search in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>, or in "natural" (or "build") order. The latter is the order that documents were processed during the creation of the collection.
710<p>
711Further operators include <b>NEARx</b> and <b>WITHINx</b>.
712NEARx is used to specify the maximum distance (x words)
713which can separate two query terms for a document to match.
714WITHINx specifies that the second term must occur within x words <i>after</i> the first term. This is similar to NEAR but the order is important. The default distance is 20.
715}
716
717_texthelpadvancedsearchextra_{NOTE: These operators are all ignored if you are searching in simple query mode.}
718
719_texthelpadvsearchlucene_ {
720Advanced searches in Lucene collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
721}
722
723_texthelpformsearchtitle_ {Fielded searching}
724
725_texthelpformsearch_ {
726<p>Fielded searching provides the opportunity to combine searches across fields. For example, one can search for "Smith" in Title AND "snail farming" in Subject. In simple query mode, each line of the form behaves like a normal single line search. The individual lines of the form are combined using AND (for an "all" search) or OR (for a "some" search). Terms inside the field are also combined the same way. In advanced mode, you can specify different combinations of AND/OR/NOT between the fields using the drop-down lists, and inside a field you can use boolean operators.
727}
728
729_texthelpformstemming_ {The "fold" and "stem" boxes allow you to specify whether the terms inside that field are casefolded or stemmed. These are both switched off by default for advanced form searching.}
730
731_textdatesearch_ {Searching with Dates}
732
733_texthelpdatesearch_ {
734Date search lets you find documents that, as well as matching your search
735terms, are about events within a certain timeframe. You can search for
736documents from a certain year or from a range of years. Note that you do not
737have to have any search terms -- you can search by date alone; and also that
738you do not have to use dates in your search, if you do not type any dates in it
739 is just the same as if the date search didn't exist.<p>
740}
741
742_texthelpdatehowtotitle_ {How to use this feature:}
743_texthelpdatehowto_ {
744<ul>
745 <li>To search for documents about a single year:<p>
746 <ul>
747 <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
748 <li>Type the year you want into the "Start (or only) date" box.
749 <li>If your date is from before the common era (also known as before
750 Christ), choose the "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to that
751 box.
752 <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
753 </ul>
754<p><li>To search for documents about a time period or range of years:<p>
755 <ul>
756 <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
757 <li>Type the earlier date into the "Start (or only) date" box.
758 <li>Type the later date into the "End date" box.
759 <li>Select "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to any date from before
760 the common era (also known as before Christ).
761 <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
762 </ul>
763</ul><p>
764}
765
766_texthelpdateresultstitle_ {The way results of your search work}
767_texthelpdateresults_ {
768Generally speaking a search for documents about the year 1903 will not return documents that, say, reference books written in 1903, just documents about 1903. However, the way that the documents' dates are found, it will return documents that have a date range (for example 1899-1911) that includes 1903, and also those documents which, as part of their text name the century that 1903 is a part of (for example 20th century or twentieth century). This means that for some documents, the dates in your search will not actually appear in the document text. For a range search, all of this applies to every date in the range.<p>
769}
770
771_textchangeprefs_ {Changing your preferences}
772
773_texthelppreferences_ {
774<p>When you click the <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page you will
775be able to change some features of the interface to suit your own requirements.
776}
777
778_texthelpcollectionprefstitle_ {Collection preferences}
779_texthelpcollectionprefs_ {
780<p>Some collections comprise several subcollections, which can be searched
781independently or together, as one unit. If so, you can select which
782subcollections to include in your searches on the Preferences page.
783}
784
785_texthelplanguageprefstitle_ {Language preferences}
786_texthelplanguageprefs_ {
787<p>Each collection has a default presentation language, but you can switch to
788a different language if you like. You can also alter the encoding scheme
789used by Greenstone for output to the browser -- the software chooses
790sensible defaults, but with some browsers it may be necessary to switch to
791a different encoding scheme to ensure correct character display.
792All collections allow you to
793switch from the standard graphical interface format to a textual one. This
794is particularly useful for visually impaired users who use large screen
795fonts or speech synthesizers for output.
796}
797
798_texthelppresentationprefstitle_ {Presentation preferences}
799_texthelppresentationprefs_ {
800Depending on the particular collection, there may be several options you can
801set that control the presentation.
802
803<p>Collections of Web pages allow you to suppress the Greenstone navigation bar at
804the top of each document page, so that once you have done a search you land at
805the exact Web page that matches without any Greenstone header. To do another
806search you will have to use your browser's "back" button. These collections
807also allow you to suppress Greenstone's warning message when you click a link
808that takes you out of the digital library collection and on to the Web itself.
809And in some Web collections you can control whether the links on the "Search
810Results" page take you straight to the actual URL in question, rather than to
811the digital library's copy of the page.
812}
813
814_texthelpsearchprefstitle_ {Search preferences}
815_texthelpsearchprefs_ {
816<p>You can switch to an "advanced" query mode which allows you to combine terms
817using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for
818grouping if desired. This allows you to specify more precise queries.
819<p>_selectsearchtypeprefs_
820<p>_selectwordmodificationprefs_
821<p>You can turn on the search history feature, which shows you your last few
822queries. This makes it easy to repeat slightly modified versions of previous
823queries.
824<p>Finally, you can control the number of hits returned, and the
825number presented on each screenful.
826}
827
828_textcasefoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether upper and lower case must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignorecase_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>Snail Farming</i> and <i>SNAIL FARMING</i>.}
829_textstemprefs_{A pair of buttons controls whether to ignore word endings or not when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textstem_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>snails farm</i> and <i>snail farmer</i>. This currently only works properly for English language text. _selectstemoptionsprefs_}
830_textaccentfoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether accented and unaccented letters must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignoreaccents_" is selected, <i>fédération</i> will be treated the same as <i>fedération</i> and <i>federation</i>.}
831
832_textstemoptionsprefs_ {It may be more convenient and precise to use the search term truncation facility described above in "_texthelpquerytermstitle_".}
833
834_textsearchtypeprefsplain_ {It is possible to get a large query box, so that you can easily do paragraph-sized searching. It is surprisingly quick to search for large amounts of text.}
835
836_textsearchtypeprefsform_ {You can change the number of fields shown in the search form.}
837
838_textsearchtypeprefsboth_ {You can switch the search type of the collection between "normal" search, and "fielded" search.
839<ul>
840<li>Normal search provides a single query box. _textsearchtypeprefsplain_</li>
841<li>Fielded search provides a number of query boxes, each querying a different field of the index. This enables searching over different fields at once. _textsearchtypeprefsform_ </li>
842</ul>
843}
844
845
846
847_texttanumbrowseoptions_ {There are _numbrowseoptions_ ways to find information in this collection:}
848
849_textsimplehelpheading_ {How to find information in the _collectionname_ collection}
850
851_texthelpscopetitle_ {Scope of queries}
852_texthelpscope_ {
853<p>
854In most collections you are given a choice of different indexes to search. For example, there might
855be author or title indexes. Or there might be chapter or paragraph indexes. Generally,
856the full matching document is returned regardless of which index you search.
857<p>If documents are books, they will be opened at the appropriate place.
858}
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