source: gsdl/trunk/macros/english.dm@ 19554

Last change on this file since 19554 was 19554, checked in by anna, 12 years ago

fixed a space

  • Property svn:executable set to *
  • Property svn:keywords set to Author Date Id Revision
File size: 35.2 KB
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1# this file must be UTF-8 encoded
2#####################################################################
3#
4# English Language text and icon macros
5#
6######################################################################
7#
8# This is the main macro file for translation when creating an
9# interface in another language.
10
11# Under the 'text macros' comments are text macros of the form:
12# _macroname_ {macro value}
13# Everything between the {} is the text to be translated. This text
14# may itself contain macros (i.e. characters other than space between
15# underscore characters, e.g. _about:numdocs_ or _textpage_). These
16# macro names occurring within text shouldn't be translated but should
17# be left as they are. Underscores or curly brackets occurring
18# naturally within the text should be escaped with a leading backslash
19# (i.e. '\_', '\{' or '\}).
20#
21# Comment lines (other than those described above) need not be
22# translated (i.e. any lines beginning with '#', like this line).
23#
24# The simplest way to translate this file is to save it as something
25# else (e.g. french.dm) and work through translating all the text
26# macro values and icon comments.
27#
28######################################################################
29
30
31######################################################################
32# Global (base) package
33package Global
34######################################################################
35
36
37#------------------------------------------------------------
38# text macros
39#------------------------------------------------------------
40
41_textperiodicals_ {Periodicals}
42
43# these three used by the default format statement of the demo and dls collections.
44_textsource_ {source ref: }
45_textdate_ {publication date: }
46_textnumpages_ {no. of pages: }
47
48_textsignin_ {sign in}
49
50_textdefaultcontent_ {The requested page could not be found. Please use
51your browsers 'back' button or the above home button to return to the
52Greenstone Digital Library.}
53
54_textdefaulttitle_ {GSDL Error}
55
56_textbadcollection_ {This collection (called "_cvariable_") is not installed on this Greenstone digital library system.}
57
58_textselectpage_ {-- Select Page --}
59
60_collectionextra_ {This collection contains _about:numdocs_ documents.
61It was last built _about:builddate_ days ago.}
62
63# this is only used by the collector (where the above _collectionextra_
64# macro will always be set to another value)
65_collectorextra_ {
66<p>This collection contains _numdocs_ _If_("_numdocs_" eq "1",document,documents), a total of _numbytes_ of indexed text and metadata.
67<p><a href="_httppagex_(bsummary)">Click here</a> to view the build summary for this collection.
68}
69
70_textdescrcollection_ {}
71_textdescrabout_ {About page}
72_textdescrhome_ {Home page}
73_textdescrhelp_ {Help page}
74_textdescrpref_ {Preferences page}
75_textdescrgreenstone_ {Greenstone Digital Library Software}
76_textdescrusab_ {What did you find hard to use?}
77
78
79# Metadata names and navigation bar labels
80
81_textSearch_ {Search}
82_labelSearch_ {Search}
83
84# Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1
85_textTitle_ {Title}
86_labelTitle_ {Titles}
87_textCreator_ {Creator}
88_labelCreator_ {Creators}
89_textSubject_ {Subject}
90_labelSubject_ {Subjects}
91_textDescription_ {Description}
92_labelDescription_ {Descriptions}
93_textPublisher_ {Publisher}
94_labelPublisher_ {Publishers}
95_textContributor_ {Contributor}
96_labelContributor_ {Contributors}
97_textDate_ {Date}
98_labelDate_ {Dates}
99_textType_ {Type}
100_labelType_ {Types}
101_textFormat_ {Format}
102_labelFormat_ {Formats}
103_textIdentifier_ {Identifier}
104_labelIdentifier_ {Identifiers}
105_textSource_ {Filename} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
106_labelSource_ {Filenames} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
107_textLanguage_ {Language}
108_labelLanguage_ {Languages}
109_textRelation_ {Relation}
110_labelRelation_ {Relations}
111_textCoverage_ {Coverage}
112_labelCoverage_ {Coverage}
113_textRights_ {Rights}
114_labelRights_ {Rights}
115
116# DLS metadata set
117_textOrganization_ {Organization}
118_labelOrganization_ {Organizations}
119_textKeyword_ {Keyword}
120_labelKeyword_ {Keywords}
121_textHowto_ {How to}
122_labelHowto_ {How to}
123
124# Miscellaneous Greenstone metadata
125_textPhrase_ {Phrase}
126_labelPhrase_ {Phrases}
127_textCollage_ {Collage}
128_labelCollage_ {Collage}
129_textBrowse_ {Browse}
130_labelBrowse_ {Browse}
131_textTo_ {To}
132_labelTo_ {To}
133_textFrom_ {From}
134_labelFrom_ {From}
135_textAcronym_ {Acronym}
136_labelAcronym_ {Acronyms}
137
138# Navigation bar tooltip - to customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textdescrXXX_ where XXX is the metadata name
139_textdescrdefault_ {Browse by _1_}
140
141_textdescrSearch_ {Search for specific terms}
142_textdescrType_ {Browse by resource type}
143_textdescrIdentifier_ {Browse by resource identifier}
144_textdescrSource_ {Browse by original filename} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
145_textdescrTo_ {Browse by To field}
146_textdescrFrom_ {Browse by From field}
147_textdescrCollage_ {Browse by image collage}
148_textdescrAcronym_ {Browse acronyms}
149_textdescrPhrase_ {Browse phrases}
150_textdescrHowto_ {Browse how to categories}
151_textdescrBrowse_ {Browse documents}
152_texticontext_ {View the document}
153_texticonclosedbook_ {open this document and view contents}
154_texticonnext_ {to next section}
155_texticonprev_ {to previous section}
156
157_texticonworld_ {View the web document}
158
159_texticonmidi_ {View the MIDI document}
160_texticonmsword_ {View the Microsoft Word document}
161_texticonmp3_ {View the MP3 document}
162_texticonpdf_ {View the PDF document}
163_texticonps_ {View the PostScript document}
164_texticonppt_ {View the PowerPoint document}
165_texticonrtf_ {View the RTF document}
166_texticonxls_ {View the Microsoft Excel document}
167
168_page_ {page }
169_pages_ {pages}
170_of_ { of }
171_vol_ {Volume}
172_num_ {No.}
173
174_textmonth00_ {}
175_textmonth01_ {January}
176_textmonth02_ {February}
177_textmonth03_ {March}
178_textmonth04_ {April}
179_textmonth05_ {May}
180_textmonth06_ {June}
181_textmonth07_ {July}
182_textmonth08_ {August}
183_textmonth09_ {September}
184_textmonth10_ {October}
185_textmonth11_ {November}
186_textmonth12_ {December}
187
188_texttext_ {Text}
189_labeltext_ {_texttext_}
190_textdocument_ {Document}
191_textsection_ {Section}
192_textparagraph_ {Paragraph}
193_textchapter_ {Chapter}
194_textbook_ {Book}
195
196_magazines_ {Magazines}
197
198_nzdlpagefooter_ {<div class="divbar">&nbsp;</div>
199<p><a href="http://www.nzdl.org">New Zealand Digital Library Project</a>
200<br><a href="http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz">Department of Computer Science</a>,
201<a href="http://www.waikato.ac.nz">University of Waikato</a>,
202New Zealand}
203
204_linktextHOME_ {HOME}
205_linktextHELP_ {HELP}
206_linktextPREFERENCES_ {PREFERENCES}
207
208
209######################################################################
210# 'home' page
211package home
212######################################################################
213
214_textpagetitle_ {Greenstone Digital Library}
215
216_textnocollections_ {No valid (i.e. built and public) collections are available}
217
218_textadmin_ {Administration Page}
219_textabgs_ {About Greenstone}
220_textgsdocs_ {Greenstone Documentation}
221
222_textdescradmin_ {
223Allows you to add new users, summarizes the collections in the system,
224gives technical information on the Greenstone installation
225}
226
227_textdescrgogreenstone_ {
228Tells you about the Greenstone software and the New Zealand Digital Library
229Project where it originated
230}
231
232_textdescrgodocs_ {Greenstone manuals}
233
234#####################################################################
235# some macros used on the home page from other packages
236#####################################################################
237package gli
238
239_textgli_ {The Librarian Interface}
240_textdescrgli_ {
241Helps you create new collections, modify or add to existing ones, or delete
242collections
243}
244
245package collector
246
247_textcollector_ {The Collector}
248_textdescrcollector_ {
249This predates the Librarian Interface, and for most practical purposes the Librarian Interface should be used instead
250}
251
252package depositor
253
254_textdepositor_ {The Depositor}
255_textdescrdepositor_ {
256Helps you to add documents to existing collections
257}
258
259package gti
260
261_textgti_ {The Greenstone Translator Interface}
262_textdescrtranslator_ {
263Helps you keep the multilingual versions of the Greenstone interface
264up to date
265}
266
267
268######################################################################
269# 'about' page
270package about
271######################################################################
272
273
274#------------------------------------------------------------
275# text macros
276#------------------------------------------------------------
277
278_textabcol_ {About this collection}
279
280_textsubcols1_ {<p>The complete collection comprises _1_ subcollections.
281Those currently available are:
282<blockquote>}
283
284_textsubcols2_ {</blockquote>
285You can check (and alter) which subcollections you are
286currently using on the Preferences page.}
287
288_titleabout_ {about}
289
290
291######################################################################
292# document package
293package document
294######################################################################
295
296
297#------------------------------------------------------------
298# text macros
299#------------------------------------------------------------
300
301_texticonopenbookshelf_ {close this section of the library}
302_texticonclosedbookshelf_ {open this section of the library and view contents}
303_texticonopenbook_ {close this book}
304_texticonclosedfolder_ {Open this folder and view contents}
305_texticonclosedfolder2_ {open sub-section: }
306_texticonopenfolder_ {close this folder}
307_texticonopenfolder2_ {close sub-section: }
308_texticonsmalltext_ {View this section of the text}
309_texticonsmalltext2_ {view text: }
310_texticonpointer_ {current section}
311_texticondetach_ {Open this page in a new window}
312_texticonhighlight_ {Highlight search terms}
313_texticonnohighlight_ {Don't highlight search terms}
314_texticoncontracttoc_ {Collapse table of contents}
315_texticonexpandtoc_ {Expand table of contents}
316_texticonexpandtext_ {Display all text}
317_texticoncontracttext_ {Display text only for currently selected section}
318_texticonwarning_ {<b>Warning: </b>}
319_texticoncont_ {continue?}
320
321_textltwarning_ {<div class="buttons">_imagecont_</div>
322_iconwarning_Expanding the text here will generate a large
323amount of data for your browser to display
324}
325
326_textgoto_ {go to page}
327_textintro_ { <i>(introductory text)</i>}
328
329_textCONTINUE_ {CONTINUE?}
330
331_textEXPANDTEXT_ {EXPAND TEXT}
332
333_textCONTRACTCONTENTS_ {CONTRACT CONTENTS}
334
335_textDETACH_ {DETACH}
336
337_textEXPANDCONTENTS_ {EXPAND CONTENTS}
338
339_textCONTRACT_ {CONTRACT TEXT}
340
341_textHIGHLIGHT_ {HIGHLIGHTING}
342
343_textNOHIGHLIGHT_ {NO HIGHLIGHTING}
344
345_textPRINT_ {PRINT}
346
347_textnextsearchresult_{next search result}
348_textprevsearchresult_{previous search result}
349
350# macros for printing page
351_textreturnoriginal_ {Return to the original page}
352_textprintpage_ {Print this page}
353_textshowcontents_ {Show the table of contents}
354_texthidecontents_ {Hide the table of contents}
355
356######################################################################
357# 'search' page
358package query
359######################################################################
360
361
362#------------------------------------------------------------
363# text macros
364#------------------------------------------------------------
365
366# this if statement produces the text 'results n1 - nn for query: querystring' or
367# 'No matches for query: querystring', depending on whether or not there were
368# any matches
369_textquerytitle_ {_If_(_thislast_,results _thisfirst_ - _thislast_ for query: _cgiargq_,No matches for query: _cgiargq_)}
370_textnoquerytitle_ {Search page}
371
372_textsome_ {some}
373_textall_ {all}
374_textboolean_ {boolean}
375_textranked_ {ranked}
376_textnatural_ {natural}
377_textsortbyrank_ {relevance rank}
378_texticonsearchhistorybar_ {search history}
379
380_textifeellucky_ {I'm feeling lucky!}
381
382#alt text for query buttons
383_textusequery_ {use this query}
384_textfreqmsg1_ {Word count: }
385_textpostprocess_ {_If_(_quotedquery_,<br><i>post-processed to find _quotedquery_</i>
386)}
387_textinvalidquery_ {Invalid query syntax}
388_textstopwordsmsg_ {The following words are too common and were ignored: }
389_textlucenetoomanyclauses_ {Your query contained too many search terms; please try a more specific query.}
390
391_textmorethan_ {More than }
392_textapprox_ {About }
393_textnodocs_ {No documents matched the query.}
394_text1doc_ {1 document matched the query.}
395_textlotsdocs_ {documents matched the query.}
396_textmatches_ {Matches }
397_textbeginsearch_ {Begin Search}
398_textrunquery_ {Run Query}
399_textclearform_ {Clear Form}
400
401#these go together in form search:
402#"Words (fold, stem) ... in field"
403_textwordphrase_ {Words}
404_textinfield_ {... in field}
405_textfoldstem_ {(fold, stem)}
406
407_textadvquery_ {Or enter a query directly:}
408_textallfields_ {all fields}
409_texttextonly_ {text only}
410_textand_ {and}
411_textor_ {or}
412_textandnot_ {and not}
413
414# _indexselection_, _jselection_, _nselection_ and _gselection_ are set from
415# within the server - _indexselection_ is always set, but the others may be
416# unset
417
418_textsimplesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_) for _querytypeselection_ of the words}
419
420_textadvancedsearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language) using _querytypeselection_ query}
421
422_textadvancedmgppsearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for}
423
424_textadvancedlucenesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
425
426_textformsimplesearch_ {Search_If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for _formquerytypesimpleselection_ of }
427
428_textformadvancedsearchmgpp_ {Search_If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for }
429
430_textformadvancedsearchlucene_ {Search_If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level)_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
431
432_textnojsformwarning_ {Warning: Javascript is disabled in your web browser. <br>To use form searching, please enable it.}
433_textdatesearch_ {This collection can be searched for documents within a date range, or documents that contain a particular date. This is an optional feature of the search.}
434_textstartdate_ {Start (or only) date:}
435_textenddate_ {End date:}
436_textbc_ {B.C.E.}
437_textad_ {C.E.}
438_textexplaineras_ {C.E. and B.C.E are alternatives for A.D. and B.C. respectively. These terms are considered to be culture indiscriminate, and stand for "Common Era" and "Before the Common Era"}
439
440_textstemon_ { (ignoring word endings)}
441
442_textsearchhistory_ {Search History}
443
444#text macros for search history
445_textnohistory_ {No entries in the search history}
446_texthresult_ {result}
447_texthresults_ {results}
448_texthallwords_ {all words}
449_texthsomewords_ {some words}
450_texthboolean_ {boolean}
451_texthranked_ {ranked}
452_texthcaseon_ {case must match}
453_texthcaseoff_ {casefolded}
454_texthstemon_ {stemmed}
455_texthstemoff_ {unstemmed}
456
457
458######################################################################
459# 'preferences' page
460package preferences
461######################################################################
462
463
464#------------------------------------------------------------
465# text macros
466#------------------------------------------------------------
467
468_textprefschanged_ {
469Preferences have been set as follows. Do not use your browser's
470"back" button - it will unset them! Instead, click one of the
471buttons on the access bar above.
472}
473_textsetprefs_ {set preferences}
474_textsearchprefs_ {Search preferences}
475_textcollectionprefs_ {Collection preferences}
476_textpresentationprefs_ {Presentation preferences}
477_textpreferences_ {Preferences}
478_textcasediffs_ {Case differences:}
479_textignorecase_ {ignore case differences}
480_textmatchcase_ {upper/lower case must match}
481_textwordends_ {Word endings:}
482_textstem_ {ignore word endings}
483_textnostem_ {whole word must match}
484_textaccentdiffs_ {Accent differences:}
485_textignoreaccents_ {ignore accents}
486_textmatchaccents_ {accents must match}
487
488_textprefop_ {Return up to _maxdocoption_ hits with _hitsperpageoption_ hits per page.}
489_textextlink_ {Access to external Web pages:}
490_textintlink_ {Source documents retrieved from:}
491_textlanguage_ {Interface language:}
492_textencoding_ {Encoding:}
493_textformat_ {Interface format:}
494_textall_ {all}
495_textquerymode_ {Query mode:}
496_textsimplemode_ {simple query mode}
497_textadvancedmode_ {advanced query mode (allows boolean searching using !, &amp;, |, and parentheses)}
498_textlinkinterm_ {through intermediate page}
499_textlinkdirect_ {go directly there}
500_textdigitlib_ {the digital library}
501_textweb_ {the web}
502_textgraphical_ {Graphical}
503_texttextual_ {Textual}
504_textcollectionoption_ {<p>
505Subcollections to include:
506<br>}
507
508_textsearchtype_ {Query style:}
509_textformsearchtype_ {fielded with _formnumfieldoption_ fields}
510_textplainsearchtype_ {normal with _boxsizeoption_ query box}
511_textregularbox_ {single line}
512_textlargebox_ {large}
513
514_textrelateddocdisplay_ {display related documents}
515_textsearchhistory_ {Search history:}
516_textnohistory_ {No search history}
517_texthistorydisplay_ {display _historynumrecords_ search history records}
518_textnohistorydisplay_ {do not display search history}
519
520_textbookoption_ {Book viewer mode:}
521_textbookvieweron_ {on}
522_textbookvieweroff_ {off}
523
524#####################################################################
525# 'browse' package for the dynamic browsing interface
526package browse
527#####################################################################
528
529_textsortby_ {Sort documents by}
530_textalsoshowing_ {also showing}
531_textwith_ {with at most}
532_textdocsperpage_ {documents per page}
533
534_textfilterby_ {Get documents containing}
535_textall_ {all}
536_textany_ {any}
537_textwords_ {of the words}
538_textleaveblank_ {leave this box blank to get all the documents}
539
540_browsebuttontext_ {"Sort Documents"}
541
542_nodata_ {<i>no data</i>}
543_docs_ {documents}
544######################################################################
545# 'help' page -- this is lower priority for translating than the
546# rest of this file
547package help
548######################################################################
549
550
551#------------------------------------------------------------
552# text macros
553#------------------------------------------------------------
554
555_textHelp_ {Help}
556
557# Macros giving a brief help message for navigation bar access buttons
558# The arguments to this will be _textXXX_ and _labelXXX_, where XXX is the metadata name. For example, to print out the help message for a titles classifier, the library will use _textdefaulthelp_(_textTitle_,_labelTitle_)
559# To customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textXXXhelp_ where XXX is the metadata name
560_textdefaulthelp_{browse documents by _1_ by clicking the _2_ button}
561
562_textSearchhelp_ {search for particular words that appear in the text by clicking the _labelSearch_ button}
563_textTohelp_ {browse documents by To field by clicking the _labelTo_ button}
564_textFromhelp_ {browse documents by From field by clicking the _labelFrom_ button}
565_textBrowsehelp_ {browse documents}
566_textAcronymhelp_ {browse documents by acronym occurrence by clicking the _labelAcronym_ button}
567_textPhrasehelp_ {browse phrases occurring in documents by clicking the _labelPhrase_ button. This uses the phind phrase browser.}
568
569_texthelptopicstitle_ {Topics}
570
571_textreadingdocs_ {How to read the documents}
572
573_texthelpreadingdocs_ {
574<p>You can tell when you have arrived at an individual book or document
575because its title, or an image of the front cover, appears at the top
576left of the page. In some collections, a table of contents appears, while in others
577(eg. when the paged image option is used)
578just the page number is shown, along with a box that allows you to select a
579new page and go forward and backward. In the table of contents, the current
580section heading is in bold face, and the table is expandable -- click on the folders
581to open or close them; click on the open book at the top to close it.</p>
582
583<p>Underneath is the text of the current section. When you have read
584through it, there are arrows at the bottom to take you on to the next
585section or back to the previous one.</p>
586
587<p>Below the title or front-cover image are some buttons. Click on
588<i>_document:textEXPANDTEXT_</i> to expand out the whole text of the current section, or
589book. If the document is large, this could take a long time and use a lot
590of memory! Click on <i>_document:textEXPANDCONTENTS_</i> to expand out the whole table of
591contents so that you can see the titles of all chapters and
592subsections. Click on <i>_document:textDETACH_</i> to make a new browser window for this
593document. (This is useful if you want to compare documents, or read two at
594once.) Finally, when you do a search the words you search for are
595highlighted. Click on <i>_document:textNOHIGHLIGHT_</i> to remove highlighting.</p>
596}
597
598# help about the icons
599_texthelpopenbookshelf_ {Open this bookshelf}
600_texthelpopenbook_ {Open/close this book}
601_texthelpviewtextsection_ {View this section of the text}
602_texthelpexpandtext_ {Display all text, or not}
603_texthelpexpandcontents_ {Expand table of contents, or not}
604_texthelpdetachpage_ {Open this page in a new window}
605_texthelphighlight_ {Highlight search terms, or not}
606_texthelpsectionarrows_ {Go to the previous/next section}
607
608
609_texthelpsearchingtitle_ {How to search for particular words}
610
611_texthelpsearching_ {
612<p>
613 From the search page, you make a query in these simple steps:<p>
614
615 <ol><li>Specify what items you want to search
616 <li>Say whether you want to search for all or just some of the words
617 <li>Type in the words you want to search for
618 <li>Click the <i>Begin Search</i> button
619 </ol>
620
621<p>When you make a query, the titles of twenty matching documents will be shown.
622There is a button at the end to take you on to the next twenty documents. From
623there you will find buttons to take you on to the third twenty or back to the
624first twenty, and so on. Click the title of any document, or the little button
625beside it, to see it.
626
627<p>A maximum of 50 is imposed on the number of
628 documents returned. You can change this number by clicking the
629 <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page.<p>
630}
631
632_texthelpquerytermstitle_ {Search terms}
633_texthelpqueryterms_ {
634<p>Whatever you type into the query box is interpreted as a list of words or phrases
635called "search terms." A term is a single word containing only letters and digits, or a phrase consisting of a sequence of words enclosed in double quotes ("..."). Terms are separated by white spaces. If any other characters such
636as punctuation appear, they serve to separate terms just as though they were
637spaces. And then they are ignored. You can't search for words that include
638punctuation.
639
640<p>For example, the query<p>
641 <ul><kbd>Agro-forestry in the Pacific Islands: Systems for Sustainability (1993)</kbd></ul>
642 <p>will be treated the same as<p>
643 <ul><kbd>Agro forestry in the Pacific Islands Systems for Sustainability 1993 </kbd></ul><p>
644}
645
646_texthelpmgppsearching_ {
647For collections built with MGPP a few other options are available.
648
649<ul>
650<li>A <b>*</b> at the end of a query term matches all words <b>starting with</b> that word, e.g. <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
651<li><b>/x</b> can be used to give higher weight to one or more of the query terms, eg <b>computer/10 science</b> gives computer 10 times more weight than science when ranking documents.
652</ul>
653}
654
655_texthelplucenesearching_ {
656For collections built with Lucene a few other options are available.
657
658<ul>
659<li><b>?</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of a single letter. For example, <b>b?t</b> will match <b>bet</b>, <b>bit</b> and <b>bat</b> etc.
660<li><b>*</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of multiple letters. For example, <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
661</ul>
662Both of these wildcards can be used in the middle of a term, or at the end. They cannot be used at the start of a search term.
663}
664
665_texthelpquerytypetitle_ {Query type}
666_texthelpquerytype_ {
667<p>There are two different kinds of query.
668
669<ul>
670 <li>Queries for <b>all</b> of the words. These look for documents (or
671 chapters, or titles) that contain all the words you have specified.
672 Documents that satisfy the query are displayed, in build order.
673<p>
674
675 <li>Queries for <b>some</b> of the words. Just list some terms that are
676 likely to appear in the documents you are looking for. Documents are
677 displayed in order of how closely they match the query. When determining
678 the degree of match,
679
680 <p><ul>
681 <li> the more search term occurrences a document contains, the closer it matches;
682 <li> terms which are rare in the collection as a whole are more important than common ones;
683 <li> short documents match better than long ones.
684 </ul>
685</ul>
686
687<p>Use as many search terms as you like--a whole sentence, or even a
688whole paragraph. If you specify only
689one term, documents will be ordered by its frequency of occurrence.<p>
690}
691
692_texthelpadvancedsearchtitle_ {Advanced searching using the _1_ search engine}
693
694_texthelpadvancedsearch_ {
695<p>If you have selected advanced query mode (in preferences) you have slightly different search options.
696}
697
698_texthelpadvsearchmg_ {
699Advanced searching in MG collections gives you two options, ranked and boolean.
700A <b>ranked</b> search is exactly the same as the <b>some</b> search descibed in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>.
701<p>_texthelpbooleansearch_
702}
703
704_texthelpbooleansearch_ {
705A <b>boolean</b> search allows you to combine terms
706using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for grouping if desired. The default operator is | (for "or").
707<p>
708For example, <b>snail &amp; farming</b> will match documents which contain both <b>snail</b> AND <b>farming</b>, whereas <b>snail | farming</b> will match documents that contain either <b>snail</b> OR <b>farming</b>.
709<b>snail !farming</b> will match documents that contain <b>snail</b> AND DO NOT contain <b>farming</b>.
710<p>
711More precise queries can be specified using combinations of operators and parentheses. For example, <b>(sheep | cattle) &amp; (farm | station)</b>, or <b>sheep | cattle | goat !pig</b>.
712}
713
714_texthelpadvsearchmgpp_ {
715Advanced searches in MGPP collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
716<p>The results can be displayed in <b>ranked</b> order, as described for the <b>some</b> search in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>, or in "natural" (or "build") order. The latter is the order that documents were processed during the creation of the collection.
717<p>
718Further operators include <b>NEARx</b> and <b>WITHINx</b>.
719NEARx is used to specify the maximum distance (x words)
720which can separate two query terms for a document to match.
721WITHINx specifies that the second term must occur within x words <i>after</i> the first term. This is similar to NEAR but the order is important. The default distance is 20.
722}
723
724_texthelpadvancedsearchextra_{NOTE: These operators are all ignored if you are searching in simple query mode.}
725
726_texthelpadvsearchlucene_ {
727Advanced searches in Lucene collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
728}
729
730_texthelpformsearchtitle_ {Fielded searching}
731
732_texthelpformsearch_ {
733<p>Fielded searching provides the opportunity to combine searches across fields. For example, one can search for "Smith" in Title AND "snail farming" in Subject. In simple query mode, each line of the form behaves like a normal single line search. The individual lines of the form are combined using AND (for an "all" search) or OR (for a "some" search). Terms inside the field are also combined the same way. In advanced mode, you can specify different combinations of AND/OR/NOT between the fields using the drop-down lists, and inside a field you can use boolean operators.
734}
735
736_texthelpformstemming_ {The "fold" and "stem" boxes allow you to specify whether the terms inside that field are casefolded or stemmed. These are both switched off by default for advanced form searching.}
737
738_textdatesearch_ {Searching with Dates}
739
740_texthelpdatesearch_ {
741Date search lets you find documents that, as well as matching your search
742terms, are about events within a certain timeframe. You can search for
743documents from a certain year or from a range of years. Note that you do not
744have to have any search terms -- you can search by date alone; and also that
745you do not have to use dates in your search, if you do not type any dates in it
746 is just the same as if the date search didn't exist.<p>
747}
748
749_texthelpdatehowtotitle_ {How to use this feature:}
750_texthelpdatehowto_ {
751<ul>
752 <li>To search for documents about a single year:<p>
753 <ul>
754 <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
755 <li>Type the year you want into the "Start (or only) date" box.
756 <li>If your date is from before the common era (also known as before
757 Christ), choose the "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to that
758 box.
759 <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
760 </ul>
761<p><li>To search for documents about a time period or range of years:<p>
762 <ul>
763 <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
764 <li>Type the earlier date into the "Start (or only) date" box.
765 <li>Type the later date into the "End date" box.
766 <li>Select "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to any date from before
767 the common era (also known as before Christ).
768 <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
769 </ul>
770</ul><p>
771}
772
773_texthelpdateresultstitle_ {The way results of your search work}
774_texthelpdateresults_ {
775Generally speaking a search for documents about the year 1903 will not return documents that, say, reference books written in 1903, just documents about 1903. However, the way that the documents' dates are found, it will return documents that have a date range (for example 1899-1911) that includes 1903, and also those documents which, as part of their text name the century that 1903 is a part of (for example 20th century or twentieth century). This means that for some documents, the dates in your search will not actually appear in the document text. For a range search, all of this applies to every date in the range.<p>
776}
777
778_textchangeprefs_ {Changing your preferences}
779
780_texthelppreferences_ {
781<p>When you click the <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page you will
782be able to change some features of the interface to suit your own requirements.
783}
784
785_texthelpcollectionprefstitle_ {Collection preferences}
786_texthelpcollectionprefs_ {
787<p>Some collections comprise several subcollections, which can be searched
788independently or together, as one unit. If so, you can select which
789subcollections to include in your searches on the Preferences page.
790}
791
792_texthelplanguageprefstitle_ {Language preferences}
793_texthelplanguageprefs_ {
794<p>Each collection has a default presentation language, but you can switch to
795a different language if you like. You can also alter the encoding scheme
796used by Greenstone for output to the browser -- the software chooses
797sensible defaults, but with some browsers it may be necessary to switch to
798a different encoding scheme to ensure correct character display.
799All collections allow you to
800switch from the standard graphical interface format to a textual one. This
801is particularly useful for visually impaired users who use large screen
802fonts or speech synthesizers for output.
803}
804
805_texthelppresentationprefstitle_ {Presentation preferences}
806_texthelppresentationprefs_ {
807Depending on the particular collection, there may be several options you can
808set that control the presentation.
809
810<p>Collections of Web pages allow you to suppress the Greenstone navigation bar at
811the top of each document page, so that once you have done a search you land at
812the exact Web page that matches without any Greenstone header. To do another
813search you will have to use your browser's "back" button. These collections
814also allow you to suppress Greenstone's warning message when you click a link
815that takes you out of the digital library collection and on to the Web itself.
816And in some Web collections you can control whether the links on the search
817results page take you straight to the actual URL in question, rather than to
818the digital library's copy of the page.
819}
820
821_texthelpsearchprefstitle_ {Search preferences}
822_texthelpsearchprefs_ {
823<p>You can switch to an "advanced" query mode which allows you to combine terms
824using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for
825grouping if desired. This allows you to specify more precise queries.
826<p>_selectsearchtypeprefs_
827<p>_selectwordmodificationprefs_
828<p>You can turn on the search history feature, which shows you your last few
829queries. This makes it easy to repeat slightly modified versions of previous
830queries.
831<p>Finally, you can control the number of hits returned, and the
832number presented on each screenful.
833}
834
835_textcasefoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether upper and lower case must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignorecase_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>Snail Farming</i> and <i>SNAIL FARMING</i>.}
836_textstemprefs_{A pair of buttons controls whether to ignore word endings or not when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textstem_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>snails farm</i> and <i>snail farmer</i>. This currently only works properly for English language text. _selectstemoptionsprefs_}
837_textaccentfoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether accented and unaccented letters must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignoreaccents_" is selected, <i>fédération</i> will be treated the same as <i>fedération</i> and <i>federation</i>.}
838
839_textstemoptionsprefs_ {It may be more convenient and precise to use the search term truncation facility described above in "_texthelpquerytermstitle_".}
840
841_textsearchtypeprefsplain_ {It is possible to get a large query box, so that you can easily do paragraph-sized searching. It is surprisingly quick to search for large amounts of text.}
842
843_textsearchtypeprefsform_ {You can change the number of fields shown in the search form.}
844
845_textsearchtypeprefsboth_ {You can switch the search type of the collection between "normal" search, and "fielded" search.
846<ul>
847<li>Normal search provides a single query box. _textsearchtypeprefsplain_</li>
848<li>Fielded search provides a number of query boxes, each querying a different field of the index. This enables searching over different fields at once. _textsearchtypeprefsform_ </li>
849</ul>
850}
851
852
853
854_texttanumbrowseoptions_ {There are _numbrowseoptions_ ways to find information in this collection:}
855
856_textsimplehelpheading_ {How to find information in the _collectionname_ collection}
857
858_texthelpscopetitle_ {Scope of queries}
859_texthelpscope_ {
860<p>
861In most collections you are given a choice of different indexes to search. For example, there might
862be author or title indexes. Or there might be chapter or paragraph indexes. Generally,
863the full matching document is returned regardless of which index you search.
864<p>If documents are books, they will be opened at the appropriate place.
865}
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