source: main/trunk/greenstone2/macros/english.dm@ 21747

Last change on this file since 21747 was 21747, checked in by kjdon, 12 years ago

added macros for ogg and real media icons

  • Property svn:executable set to *
  • Property svn:keywords set to Author Date Id Revision
File size: 35.8 KB
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1# this file must be UTF-8 encoded
2#####################################################################
3#
4# English Language text and icon macros
5#
6######################################################################
7#
8# This is the main macro file for translation when creating an
9# interface in another language.
10
11# Under the 'text macros' comments are text macros of the form:
12# _macroname_ {macro value}
13# Everything between the {} is the text to be translated. This text
14# may itself contain macros (i.e. characters other than space between
15# underscore characters, e.g. _about:numdocs_ or _textpage_). These
16# macro names occurring within text shouldn't be translated but should
17# be left as they are. Underscores or curly brackets occurring
18# naturally within the text should be escaped with a leading backslash
19# (i.e. '\_', '\{' or '\}).
20#
21# Comment lines (other than those described above) need not be
22# translated (i.e. any lines beginning with '#', like this line).
23#
24# The simplest way to translate this file is to save it as something
25# else (e.g. french.dm) and work through translating all the text
26# macro values and icon comments.
27#
28######################################################################
29
30
31######################################################################
32# Global (base) package
33package Global
34######################################################################
35
36
37#------------------------------------------------------------
38# text macros
39#------------------------------------------------------------
40
41_textperiodicals_ {Periodicals}
42
43# these three used by the default format statement of the demo and dls collections.
44_textsource_ {source ref: }
45_textdate_ {publication date: }
46_textnumpages_ {no. of pages: }
47
48_textsignin_ {sign in}
49
50_textdefaultcontent_ {The requested page could not be found. Please use
51your browsers 'back' button or the above home button to return to the
52Greenstone Digital Library.}
53
54_textdefaulttitle_ {GSDL Error}
55
56_textbadcollection_ {This collection (called "_cvariable_") is not installed on this Greenstone digital library system.}
57
58_textselectpage_ {-- Select Page --}
59
60_collectionextra_ {This collection contains _about:numdocs_ documents.
61It was last built _about:builddate_ days ago.}
62
63# this is only used by the collector (where the above _collectionextra_
64# macro will always be set to another value)
65_collectorextra_ {
66<p>This collection contains _numdocs_ _If_("_numdocs_" eq "1",document,documents), a total of _numbytes_ of indexed text and metadata.
67<p><a href="_httppagex_(bsummary)">Click here</a> to view the build summary for this collection.
68}
69
70_textdescrcollection_ {}
71_textdescrabout_ {About page}
72_textdescrhome_ {Home page}
73_textdescrhelp_ {Help page}
74_textdescrpref_ {Preferences page}
75_textdescrgreenstone_ {Greenstone Digital Library Software}
76_textdescrusab_ {What did you find hard to use?}
77
78
79# Metadata names and navigation bar labels
80
81_textSearch_ {Search}
82_labelSearch_ {Search}
83
84# Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1
85_textTitle_ {Title}
86_labelTitle_ {Titles}
87_textCreator_ {Creator}
88_labelCreator_ {Creators}
89_textSubject_ {Subject}
90_labelSubject_ {Subjects}
91_textDescription_ {Description}
92_labelDescription_ {Descriptions}
93_textPublisher_ {Publisher}
94_labelPublisher_ {Publishers}
95_textContributor_ {Contributor}
96_labelContributor_ {Contributors}
97_textDate_ {Date}
98_labelDate_ {Dates}
99_textType_ {Type}
100_labelType_ {Types}
101_textFormat_ {Format}
102_labelFormat_ {Formats}
103_textIdentifier_ {Identifier}
104_labelIdentifier_ {Identifiers}
105_textSource_ {Filename} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
106_labelSource_ {Filenames} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
107_textLanguage_ {Language}
108_labelLanguage_ {Languages}
109_textRelation_ {Relation}
110_labelRelation_ {Relations}
111_textCoverage_ {Coverage}
112_labelCoverage_ {Coverage}
113_textRights_ {Rights}
114_labelRights_ {Rights}
115
116# DLS metadata set
117_textOrganization_ {Organization}
118_labelOrganization_ {Organizations}
119_textKeyword_ {Keyword}
120_labelKeyword_ {Keywords}
121_textHowto_ {How to}
122_labelHowto_ {How to}
123
124# Miscellaneous Greenstone metadata
125_textPhrase_ {Phrase}
126_labelPhrase_ {Phrases}
127_textCollage_ {Collage}
128_labelCollage_ {Collage}
129_textBrowse_ {Browse}
130_labelBrowse_ {Browse}
131_textTo_ {To}
132_labelTo_ {To}
133_textFrom_ {From}
134_labelFrom_ {From}
135_textAcronym_ {Acronym}
136_labelAcronym_ {Acronyms}
137_textAuthor_ {Author}
138_textAuthors_ {Authors}
139
140# Navigation bar tooltip - to customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textdescrXXX_ where XXX is the metadata name
141_textdescrdefault_ {Browse by _1_}
142
143_textdescrSearch_ {Search for specific terms}
144_textdescrType_ {Browse by resource type}
145_textdescrIdentifier_ {Browse by resource identifier}
146_textdescrSource_ {Browse by original filename} # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
147_textdescrTo_ {Browse by To field}
148_textdescrFrom_ {Browse by From field}
149_textdescrCollage_ {Browse by image collage}
150_textdescrAcronym_ {Browse acronyms}
151_textdescrPhrase_ {Browse phrases}
152_textdescrHowto_ {Browse how to categories}
153_textdescrBrowse_ {Browse documents}
154_texticontext_ {View the document}
155_texticonclosedbook_ {open this document and view contents}
156_texticonnext_ {to next section}
157_texticonprev_ {to previous section}
158
159_texticonworld_ {View the web document}
160
161_texticonmidi_ {View the MIDI document}
162_texticonmsword_ {View the Microsoft Word document}
163_texticonmp3_ {View the MP3 document}
164_texticonpdf_ {View the PDF document}
165_texticonps_ {View the PostScript document}
166_texticonppt_ {View the PowerPoint document}
167_texticonrtf_ {View the RTF document}
168_texticonxls_ {View the Microsoft Excel document}
169_texticonogg_ {View the Ogg Vorbis document}
170_texticonrmvideo_ {View the Real Media document}
171
172_page_ {page }
173_pages_ {pages}
174_of_ { of }
175_vol_ {Volume}
176_num_ {No.}
177
178_textmonth00_ {}
179_textmonth01_ {January}
180_textmonth02_ {February}
181_textmonth03_ {March}
182_textmonth04_ {April}
183_textmonth05_ {May}
184_textmonth06_ {June}
185_textmonth07_ {July}
186_textmonth08_ {August}
187_textmonth09_ {September}
188_textmonth10_ {October}
189_textmonth11_ {November}
190_textmonth12_ {December}
191
192_texttext_ {Text}
193_labeltext_ {_texttext_}
194_textdocument_ {Document}
195_textsection_ {Section}
196_textparagraph_ {Paragraph}
197_textchapter_ {Chapter}
198_textbook_ {Book}
199
200_magazines_ {Magazines}
201
202_nzdlpagefooter_ {<div class="divbar">&nbsp;</div>
203<p><a href="http://www.nzdl.org">New Zealand Digital Library Project</a>
204<br><a href="http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz">Department of Computer Science</a>,
205<a href="http://www.waikato.ac.nz">University of Waikato</a>,
206New Zealand}
207
208_linktextHOME_ {HOME}
209_linktextHELP_ {HELP}
210_linktextPREFERENCES_ {PREFERENCES}
211
212
213######################################################################
214# 'home' page
215package home
216######################################################################
217
218_textpagetitle_ {Greenstone Digital Library}
219
220_textnocollections_ {No valid (i.e. built and public) collections are available}
221
222_textadmin_ {Administration Page}
223_textabgs_ {About Greenstone}
224_textgsdocs_ {Greenstone Documentation}
225
226_textdescradmin_ {
227Allows you to add new users, summarizes the collections in the system,
228gives technical information on the Greenstone installation
229}
230
231_textdescrgogreenstone_ {
232Tells you about the Greenstone software and the New Zealand Digital Library
233Project where it originated
234}
235
236_textdescrgodocs_ {Greenstone manuals}
237
238#####################################################################
239# some macros used on the home page from other packages
240#####################################################################
241package gli
242
243_textgli_ {The Librarian Interface}
244_textdescrgli_ {
245Helps you create new collections, modify or add to existing ones, or delete
246collections
247}
248
249package collector
250
251_textcollector_ {The Collector}
252_textdescrcollector_ {
253This predates the Librarian Interface, and for most practical purposes the Librarian Interface should be used instead
254}
255
256package depositor
257
258_textdepositor_ {The Depositor}
259_textdescrdepositor_ {
260Helps you to add documents to existing collections
261}
262
263package gti
264
265_textgti_ {The Greenstone Translator Interface}
266_textdescrtranslator_ {
267Helps you keep the multilingual versions of the Greenstone interface
268up to date
269}
270
271
272######################################################################
273# 'about' page
274package about
275######################################################################
276
277
278#------------------------------------------------------------
279# text macros
280#------------------------------------------------------------
281
282_textabcol_ {About this collection}
283
284_textsubcols1_ {<p>The complete collection comprises _1_ subcollections.
285Those currently available are:
286<blockquote>}
287
288_textsubcols2_ {</blockquote>
289You can check (and alter) which subcollections you are
290currently using on the Preferences page.}
291
292_titleabout_ {about}
293
294
295######################################################################
296# document package
297package document
298######################################################################
299
300
301#------------------------------------------------------------
302# text macros
303#------------------------------------------------------------
304
305_texticonopenbookshelf_ {close this section of the library}
306_texticonclosedbookshelf_ {open this section of the library and view contents}
307_texticonopenbook_ {close this book}
308_texticonclosedfolder_ {Open this folder and view contents}
309_texticonclosedfolder2_ {open sub-section: }
310_texticonopenfolder_ {close this folder}
311_texticonopenfolder2_ {close sub-section: }
312_texticonsmalltext_ {View this section of the text}
313_texticonsmalltext2_ {view text: }
314_texticonpointer_ {current section}
315_texticondetach_ {Open this page in a new window}
316_texticonhighlight_ {Highlight search terms}
317_texticonnohighlight_ {Don't highlight search terms}
318_texticoncontracttoc_ {Collapse table of contents}
319_texticonexpandtoc_ {Expand table of contents}
320_texticonexpandtext_ {Display all text}
321_texticoncontracttext_ {Display text only for currently selected section}
322_texticonwarning_ {<b>Warning: </b>}
323_texticoncont_ {continue?}
324
325_textltwarning_ {<div class="buttons">_imagecont_</div>
326_iconwarning_Expanding the text here will generate a large
327amount of data for your browser to display
328}
329
330_textgoto_ {go to page}
331_textintro_ { <i>(introductory text)</i>}
332
333_textCONTINUE_ {CONTINUE?}
334
335_textEXPANDTEXT_ {EXPAND TEXT}
336
337_textCONTRACTCONTENTS_ {CONTRACT CONTENTS}
338
339_textDETACH_ {DETACH}
340
341_textEXPANDCONTENTS_ {EXPAND CONTENTS}
342
343_textCONTRACT_ {CONTRACT TEXT}
344
345_textHIGHLIGHT_ {HIGHLIGHTING}
346
347_textNOHIGHLIGHT_ {NO HIGHLIGHTING}
348
349_textPRINT_ {PRINT}
350
351_textnextsearchresult_{next search result}
352_textprevsearchresult_{previous search result}
353
354# macros for printing page
355_textreturnoriginal_ {Return to the original page}
356_textprintpage_ {Print this page}
357_textshowcontents_ {Show the table of contents}
358_texthidecontents_ {Hide the table of contents}
359
360######################################################################
361# 'search' page
362package query
363######################################################################
364
365
366#------------------------------------------------------------
367# text macros
368#------------------------------------------------------------
369
370# this if statement produces the text 'results n1 - nn for query: querystring' or
371# 'No matches for query: querystring', depending on whether or not there were
372# any matches
373_textquerytitle_ {_If_(_thislast_,results _thisfirst_ - _thislast_ for query: _cgiargq_,No matches for query: _cgiargq_)}
374_textnoquerytitle_ {Search page}
375
376_textsome_ {some}
377_textall_ {all}
378_textboolean_ {boolean}
379_textranked_ {ranked}
380_textnatural_ {natural}
381_textsortbyrank_ {relevance rank}
382_texticonsearchhistorybar_ {search history}
383
384_textifeellucky_ {I'm feeling lucky!}
385
386#alt text for query buttons
387_textusequery_ {use this query}
388_textfreqmsg1_ {Word count: }
389_textpostprocess_ {_If_(_quotedquery_,<br><i>post-processed to find _quotedquery_</i>
390)}
391_textinvalidquery_ {Invalid query syntax}
392_textstopwordsmsg_ {The following words are too common and were ignored: }
393_textlucenetoomanyclauses_ {Your query contained too many search terms; please try a more specific query.}
394
395_textmorethan_ {More than }
396_textapprox_ {About }
397_textnodocs_ {No documents matched the query.}
398_text1doc_ {1 document matched the query.}
399_textlotsdocs_ {documents matched the query.}
400_textmatches_ {Matches }
401_textbeginsearch_ {Begin Search}
402_textrunquery_ {Run Query}
403_textclearform_ {Clear Form}
404
405#these go together in form search:
406#"Words (fold, stem) ... in field"
407_textwordphrase_ {Words}
408_textinfield_ {... in field}
409_textfoldstem_ {(fold, stem)}
410
411_textadvquery_ {Or enter a query directly:}
412_textallfields_ {all fields}
413_texttextonly_ {text only}
414_textand_ {and}
415_textor_ {or}
416_textandnot_ {and not}
417
418# _indexselection_, _jselection_, _nselection_ and _gselection_ are set from
419# within the server - _indexselection_ is always set, but the others may be
420# unset
421
422# the space after "level" (before the right bracket) is required, otherwise no space between "Search" and "in"
423
424_textsimplesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_) for _querytypeselection_ of the words}
425
426_textadvancedsearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language) using _querytypeselection_ query}
427
428_textadvancedmgppsearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for}
429
430_textadvancedlucenesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
431
432# the space after "Search" is required, otherwise no space between "Search" and "in"
433
434_textformsimplesearch_ {Search _If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for _formquerytypesimpleselection_ of }
435
436_textformadvancedsearchmgpp_ {Search _If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for }
437
438_textformadvancedsearchlucene_ {Search _If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
439
440_textnojsformwarning_ {Warning: Javascript is disabled in your web browser. <br>To use form searching, please enable it.}
441_textdatesearch_ {This collection can be searched for documents within a date range, or documents that contain a particular date. This is an optional feature of the search.}
442_textstartdate_ {Start (or only) date:}
443_textenddate_ {End date:}
444_textbc_ {B.C.E.}
445_textad_ {C.E.}
446_textexplaineras_ {C.E. and B.C.E are alternatives for A.D. and B.C. respectively. These terms are considered to be culture indiscriminate, and stand for "Common Era" and "Before the Common Era"}
447
448_textstemon_ { (ignoring word endings)}
449
450_textsearchhistory_ {Search History}
451
452#text macros for search history
453_textnohistory_ {No entries in the search history}
454_texthresult_ {result}
455_texthresults_ {results}
456_texthallwords_ {all words}
457_texthsomewords_ {some words}
458_texthboolean_ {boolean}
459_texthranked_ {ranked}
460_texthcaseon_ {case must match}
461_texthcaseoff_ {casefolded}
462_texthstemon_ {stemmed}
463_texthstemoff_ {unstemmed}
464
465
466######################################################################
467# 'preferences' page
468package preferences
469######################################################################
470
471
472#------------------------------------------------------------
473# text macros
474#------------------------------------------------------------
475
476_textprefschanged_ {
477Preferences have been set as follows. Do not use your browser's
478"back" button - it will unset them! Instead, click one of the
479buttons on the access bar above.
480}
481_textsetprefs_ {set preferences}
482_textsearchprefs_ {Search preferences}
483_textcollectionprefs_ {Collection preferences}
484_textpresentationprefs_ {Presentation preferences}
485_textpreferences_ {Preferences}
486_textcasediffs_ {Case differences:}
487_textignorecase_ {ignore case differences}
488_textmatchcase_ {upper/lower case must match}
489_textwordends_ {Word endings:}
490_textstem_ {ignore word endings}
491_textnostem_ {whole word must match}
492_textaccentdiffs_ {Accent differences:}
493_textignoreaccents_ {ignore accents}
494_textmatchaccents_ {accents must match}
495
496_textprefop_ {Return up to _maxdocoption_ hits with _hitsperpageoption_ hits per page.}
497_textextlink_ {Access to external Web pages:}
498_textintlink_ {Source documents retrieved from:}
499_textlanguage_ {Interface language:}
500_textencoding_ {Encoding:}
501_textformat_ {Interface format:}
502_textall_ {all}
503_textquerymode_ {Query mode:}
504_textsimplemode_ {simple query mode}
505_textadvancedmode_ {advanced query mode (allows boolean searching using !, &amp;, |, and parentheses)}
506_textlinkinterm_ {through intermediate page}
507_textlinkdirect_ {go directly there}
508_textdigitlib_ {the digital library}
509_textweb_ {the web}
510_textgraphical_ {Graphical}
511_texttextual_ {Textual}
512_textcollectionoption_ {<p>
513Subcollections to include:
514<br>}
515
516_textsearchtype_ {Query style:}
517_textformsearchtype_ {fielded with _formnumfieldoption_ fields}
518_textplainsearchtype_ {normal with _boxsizeoption_ query box}
519_textregularbox_ {single line}
520_textlargebox_ {large}
521
522_textrelateddocdisplay_ {display related documents}
523_textsearchhistory_ {Search history:}
524_textnohistory_ {No search history}
525_texthistorydisplay_ {display _historynumrecords_ search history records}
526_textnohistorydisplay_ {do not display search history}
527
528_textbookoption_ {Book viewer mode:}
529_textbookvieweron_ {on}
530_textbookvieweroff_ {off}
531
532# html options
533_textdoclayout_ {Document page layout:}
534_textlayoutnavbar_ {navigation bar at top}
535_textlayoutnonavbar_ {no navigation bar}
536
537_texttermhighlight_ {Search term highlighting:}
538_texttermhighlighton_ {highlight search terms}
539_texttermhighlightoff_ {don't highlight search terms}
540
541#####################################################################
542# 'browse' package for the dynamic browsing interface
543package browse
544#####################################################################
545
546_textsortby_ {Sort documents by}
547_textalsoshowing_ {also showing}
548_textwith_ {with at most}
549_textdocsperpage_ {documents per page}
550
551_textfilterby_ {Get documents containing}
552_textall_ {all}
553_textany_ {any}
554_textwords_ {of the words}
555_textleaveblank_ {leave this box blank to get all the documents}
556
557_browsebuttontext_ {"Sort Documents"}
558
559_nodata_ {<i>no data</i>}
560_docs_ {documents}
561######################################################################
562# 'help' page -- this is lower priority for translating than the
563# rest of this file
564package help
565######################################################################
566
567
568#------------------------------------------------------------
569# text macros
570#------------------------------------------------------------
571
572_textHelp_ {Help}
573
574# Macros giving a brief help message for navigation bar access buttons
575# The arguments to this will be _textXXX_ and _labelXXX_, where XXX is the metadata name. For example, to print out the help message for a titles classifier, the library will use _textdefaulthelp_(_textTitle_,_labelTitle_)
576# To customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textXXXhelp_ where XXX is the metadata name
577_textdefaulthelp_{browse documents by _1_ by clicking the _2_ button}
578
579_textSearchhelp_ {search for particular words that appear in the text by clicking the _labelSearch_ button}
580_textTohelp_ {browse documents by To field by clicking the _labelTo_ button}
581_textFromhelp_ {browse documents by From field by clicking the _labelFrom_ button}
582_textBrowsehelp_ {browse documents}
583_textAcronymhelp_ {browse documents by acronym occurrence by clicking the _labelAcronym_ button}
584_textPhrasehelp_ {browse phrases occurring in documents by clicking the _labelPhrase_ button. This uses the phind phrase browser.}
585
586_texthelptopicstitle_ {Topics}
587
588_textreadingdocs_ {How to read the documents}
589
590_texthelpreadingdocs_ {
591<p>You can tell when you have arrived at an individual book or document
592because its title, or an image of the front cover, appears at the top
593left of the page. In some collections, a table of contents appears, while in others
594(eg. when the paged image option is used)
595just the page number is shown, along with a box that allows you to select a
596new page and go forward and backward. In the table of contents, the current
597section heading is in bold face, and the table is expandable -- click on the folders
598to open or close them; click on the open book at the top to close it.</p>
599
600<p>Underneath is the text of the current section. When you have read
601through it, there are arrows at the bottom to take you on to the next
602section or back to the previous one.</p>
603
604<p>Below the title or front-cover image are some buttons. Click on
605<i>_document:textEXPANDTEXT_</i> to expand out the whole text of the current section, or
606book. If the document is large, this could take a long time and use a lot
607of memory! Click on <i>_document:textEXPANDCONTENTS_</i> to expand out the whole table of
608contents so that you can see the titles of all chapters and
609subsections. Click on <i>_document:textDETACH_</i> to make a new browser window for this
610document. (This is useful if you want to compare documents, or read two at
611once.) Finally, when you do a search the words you search for are
612highlighted. Click on <i>_document:textNOHIGHLIGHT_</i> to remove highlighting.</p>
613}
614
615# help about the icons
616_texthelpopenbookshelf_ {Open this bookshelf}
617_texthelpopenbook_ {Open/close this book}
618_texthelpviewtextsection_ {View this section of the text}
619_texthelpexpandtext_ {Display all text, or not}
620_texthelpexpandcontents_ {Expand table of contents, or not}
621_texthelpdetachpage_ {Open this page in a new window}
622_texthelphighlight_ {Highlight search terms, or not}
623_texthelpsectionarrows_ {Go to the previous/next section}
624
625
626_texthelpsearchingtitle_ {How to search for particular words}
627
628_texthelpsearching_ {
629<p>
630 From the search page, you make a query in these simple steps:<p>
631
632 <ol><li>Specify what items you want to search
633 <li>Say whether you want to search for all or just some of the words
634 <li>Type in the words you want to search for
635 <li>Click the <i>Begin Search</i> button
636 </ol>
637
638<p>When you make a query, the titles of twenty matching documents will be shown.
639There is a button at the end to take you on to the next twenty documents. From
640there you will find buttons to take you on to the third twenty or back to the
641first twenty, and so on. Click the title of any document, or the little button
642beside it, to see it.
643
644<p>A maximum of 50 is imposed on the number of
645 documents returned. You can change this number by clicking the
646 <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page.<p>
647}
648
649_texthelpquerytermstitle_ {Search terms}
650_texthelpqueryterms_ {
651<p>Whatever you type into the query box is interpreted as a list of words or phrases
652called "search terms." A term is a single word containing only letters and digits, or a phrase consisting of a sequence of words enclosed in double quotes ("..."). Terms are separated by white spaces. If any other characters such
653as punctuation appear, they serve to separate terms just as though they were
654spaces. And then they are ignored. You can't search for words that include
655punctuation.
656
657<p>For example, the query<p>
658 <ul><kbd>Agro-forestry in the Pacific Islands: Systems for Sustainability (1993)</kbd></ul>
659 <p>will be treated the same as<p>
660 <ul><kbd>Agro forestry in the Pacific Islands Systems for Sustainability 1993 </kbd></ul><p>
661}
662
663_texthelpmgppsearching_ {
664For collections built with MGPP a few other options are available.
665
666<ul>
667<li>A <b>*</b> at the end of a query term matches all words <b>starting with</b> that word, e.g. <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
668<li><b>/x</b> can be used to give higher weight to one or more of the query terms, eg <b>computer/10 science</b> gives computer 10 times more weight than science when ranking documents.
669</ul>
670}
671
672_texthelplucenesearching_ {
673For collections built with Lucene a few other options are available.
674
675<ul>
676<li><b>?</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of a single letter. For example, <b>b?t</b> will match <b>bet</b>, <b>bit</b> and <b>bat</b> etc.
677<li><b>*</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of multiple letters. For example, <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
678</ul>
679Both of these wildcards can be used in the middle of a term, or at the end. They cannot be used at the start of a search term.
680}
681
682_texthelpquerytypetitle_ {Query type}
683_texthelpquerytype_ {
684<p>There are two different kinds of query.
685
686<ul>
687 <li>Queries for <b>all</b> of the words. These look for documents (or
688 chapters, or titles) that contain all the words you have specified.
689 Documents that satisfy the query are displayed, in build order.
690<p>
691
692 <li>Queries for <b>some</b> of the words. Just list some terms that are
693 likely to appear in the documents you are looking for. Documents are
694 displayed in order of how closely they match the query. When determining
695 the degree of match,
696
697 <p><ul>
698 <li> the more search term occurrences a document contains, the closer it matches;
699 <li> terms which are rare in the collection as a whole are more important than common ones;
700 <li> short documents match better than long ones.
701 </ul>
702</ul>
703
704<p>Use as many search terms as you like--a whole sentence, or even a
705whole paragraph. If you specify only
706one term, documents will be ordered by its frequency of occurrence.<p>
707}
708
709_texthelpadvancedsearchtitle_ {Advanced searching using the _1_ search engine}
710
711_texthelpadvancedsearch_ {
712<p>If you have selected advanced query mode (in preferences) you have slightly different search options.
713}
714
715_texthelpadvsearchmg_ {
716Advanced searching in MG collections gives you two options, ranked and boolean.
717A <b>ranked</b> search is exactly the same as the <b>some</b> search descibed in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>.
718<p>_texthelpbooleansearch_
719}
720
721_texthelpbooleansearch_ {
722A <b>boolean</b> search allows you to combine terms
723using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for grouping if desired. The default operator is | (for "or").
724<p>
725For example, <b>snail &amp; farming</b> will match documents which contain both <b>snail</b> AND <b>farming</b>, whereas <b>snail | farming</b> will match documents that contain either <b>snail</b> OR <b>farming</b>.
726<b>snail !farming</b> will match documents that contain <b>snail</b> AND DO NOT contain <b>farming</b>.
727<p>
728More precise queries can be specified using combinations of operators and parentheses. For example, <b>(sheep | cattle) &amp; (farm | station)</b>, or <b>sheep | cattle | goat !pig</b>.
729}
730
731_texthelpadvsearchmgpp_ {
732Advanced searches in MGPP collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
733<p>The results can be displayed in <b>ranked</b> order, as described for the <b>some</b> search in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>, or in "natural" (or "build") order. The latter is the order that documents were processed during the creation of the collection.
734<p>
735Further operators include <b>NEARx</b> and <b>WITHINx</b>.
736NEARx is used to specify the maximum distance (x words)
737which can separate two query terms for a document to match.
738WITHINx specifies that the second term must occur within x words <i>after</i> the first term. This is similar to NEAR but the order is important. The default distance is 20.
739}
740
741_texthelpadvancedsearchextra_{NOTE: These operators are all ignored if you are searching in simple query mode.}
742
743_texthelpadvsearchlucene_ {
744Advanced searches in Lucene collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
745}
746
747_texthelpformsearchtitle_ {Fielded searching}
748
749_texthelpformsearch_ {
750<p>Fielded searching provides the opportunity to combine searches across fields. For example, one can search for "Smith" in Title AND "snail farming" in Subject. In simple query mode, each line of the form behaves like a normal single line search. The individual lines of the form are combined using AND (for an "all" search) or OR (for a "some" search). Terms inside the field are also combined the same way. In advanced mode, you can specify different combinations of AND/OR/NOT between the fields using the drop-down lists, and inside a field you can use boolean operators.
751}
752
753_texthelpformstemming_ {The "fold" and "stem" boxes allow you to specify whether the terms inside that field are casefolded or stemmed. These are both switched off by default for advanced form searching.}
754
755_textdatesearch_ {Searching with Dates}
756
757_texthelpdatesearch_ {
758Date search lets you find documents that, as well as matching your search
759terms, are about events within a certain timeframe. You can search for
760documents from a certain year or from a range of years. Note that you do not
761have to have any search terms -- you can search by date alone; and also that
762you do not have to use dates in your search, if you do not type any dates in it
763 is just the same as if the date search didn't exist.<p>
764}
765
766_texthelpdatehowtotitle_ {How to use this feature:}
767_texthelpdatehowto_ {
768<ul>
769 <li>To search for documents about a single year:<p>
770 <ul>
771 <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
772 <li>Type the year you want into the "Start (or only) date" box.
773 <li>If your date is from before the common era (also known as before
774 Christ), choose the "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to that
775 box.
776 <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
777 </ul>
778<p><li>To search for documents about a time period or range of years:<p>
779 <ul>
780 <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
781 <li>Type the earlier date into the "Start (or only) date" box.
782 <li>Type the later date into the "End date" box.
783 <li>Select "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to any date from before
784 the common era (also known as before Christ).
785 <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
786 </ul>
787</ul><p>
788}
789
790_texthelpdateresultstitle_ {The way results of your search work}
791_texthelpdateresults_ {
792Generally speaking a search for documents about the year 1903 will not return documents that, say, reference books written in 1903, just documents about 1903. However, the way that the documents' dates are found, it will return documents that have a date range (for example 1899-1911) that includes 1903, and also those documents which, as part of their text name the century that 1903 is a part of (for example 20th century or twentieth century). This means that for some documents, the dates in your search will not actually appear in the document text. For a range search, all of this applies to every date in the range.<p>
793}
794
795_textchangeprefs_ {Changing your preferences}
796
797_texthelppreferences_ {
798<p>When you click the <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page you will
799be able to change some features of the interface to suit your own requirements.
800}
801
802_texthelpcollectionprefstitle_ {Collection preferences}
803_texthelpcollectionprefs_ {
804<p>Some collections comprise several subcollections, which can be searched
805independently or together, as one unit. If so, you can select which
806subcollections to include in your searches on the Preferences page.
807}
808
809_texthelplanguageprefstitle_ {Language preferences}
810_texthelplanguageprefs_ {
811<p>Each collection has a default presentation language, but you can switch to
812a different language if you like. You can also alter the encoding scheme
813used by Greenstone for output to the browser -- the software chooses
814sensible defaults, but with some browsers it may be necessary to switch to
815a different encoding scheme to ensure correct character display.
816All collections allow you to
817switch from the standard graphical interface format to a textual one. This
818is particularly useful for visually impaired users who use large screen
819fonts or speech synthesizers for output.
820}
821
822_texthelppresentationprefstitle_ {Presentation preferences}
823_texthelppresentationprefs_ {
824Depending on the particular collection, there may be several options you can
825set that control the presentation.
826
827<p>Collections of Web pages allow you to suppress the Greenstone navigation bar at
828the top of each document page, so that once you have done a search you land at
829the exact Web page that matches without any Greenstone header. To do another
830search you will have to use your browser's "back" button. These collections
831also allow you to suppress Greenstone's warning message when you click a link
832that takes you out of the digital library collection and on to the Web itself.
833And in some Web collections you can control whether the links on the search
834results page take you straight to the actual URL in question, rather than to
835the digital library's copy of the page.
836}
837
838_texthelpsearchprefstitle_ {Search preferences}
839_texthelpsearchprefs_ {
840<p>You can switch to an "advanced" query mode which allows you to combine terms
841using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for
842grouping if desired. This allows you to specify more precise queries.
843<p>_selectsearchtypeprefs_
844<p>_selectwordmodificationprefs_
845<p>You can turn on the search history feature, which shows you your last few
846queries. This makes it easy to repeat slightly modified versions of previous
847queries.
848<p>Finally, you can control the number of hits returned, and the
849number presented on each screenful.
850}
851
852_textcasefoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether upper and lower case must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignorecase_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>Snail Farming</i> and <i>SNAIL FARMING</i>.}
853_textstemprefs_{A pair of buttons controls whether to ignore word endings or not when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textstem_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>snails farm</i> and <i>snail farmer</i>. This currently only works properly for English language text. _selectstemoptionsprefs_}
854_textaccentfoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether accented and unaccented letters must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignoreaccents_" is selected, <i>fédération</i> will be treated the same as <i>fedération</i> and <i>federation</i>.}
855
856_textstemoptionsprefs_ {It may be more convenient and precise to use the search term truncation facility described above in "_texthelpquerytermstitle_".}
857
858_textsearchtypeprefsplain_ {It is possible to get a large query box, so that you can easily do paragraph-sized searching. It is surprisingly quick to search for large amounts of text.}
859
860_textsearchtypeprefsform_ {You can change the number of fields shown in the search form.}
861
862_textsearchtypeprefsboth_ {You can switch the search type of the collection between "normal" search, and "fielded" search.
863<ul>
864<li>Normal search provides a single query box. _textsearchtypeprefsplain_</li>
865<li>Fielded search provides a number of query boxes, each querying a different field of the index. This enables searching over different fields at once. _textsearchtypeprefsform_ </li>
866</ul>
867}
868
869
870
871_texttanumbrowseoptions_ {There are _numbrowseoptions_ ways to find information in this collection:}
872
873_textsimplehelpheading_ {How to find information in the _collectionname_ collection}
874
875_texthelpscopetitle_ {Scope of queries}
876_texthelpscope_ {
877<p>
878In most collections you are given a choice of different indexes to search. For example, there might
879be author or title indexes. Or there might be chapter or paragraph indexes. Generally,
880the full matching document is returned regardless of which index you search.
881<p>If documents are books, they will be opened at the appropriate place.
882}
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