source: main/trunk/greenstone2/perllib/plugins/EmbeddedMetadataPlugin.pm@ 24404

Last change on this file since 24404 was 24404, checked in by ak19, 11 years ago

Changes to perl code to do with removing the ex. prefix: ex. is only removed if it is the sole prefix (i.e. ex.dc.* prefixes are not removed).

File size: 8.8 KB
Line 
1###########################################################################
2#
3# EmbeddedMetadataPlugin.pm -- A plugin for EXIF
4#
5# A component of the Greenstone digital library software
6# from the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the
7# University of Waikato, New Zealand.
8#
9# Copyright 2007 New Zealand Digital Library Project
10#
11# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
12# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
13# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
14# (at your option) any later version.
15#
16# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
17# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
18# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
19# GNU General Public License for more details.
20#
21# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
22# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
23# Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
24#
25###########################################################################
26
27
28package EmbeddedMetadataPlugin;
29
30use BasePlugin;
31
32use Encode;
33use Image::ExifTool qw(:Public);
34use strict;
35
36no strict 'refs'; # allow filehandles to be variables and viceversa
37
38
39sub BEGIN
40{
41 @EmbeddedMetadataPlugin::ISA = ('BasePlugin');
42 binmode(STDERR, ":utf8");
43}
44
45my $encoding_plus_auto_list = [{
46 'name' => "auto",
47 'desc' => "{ReadTextFile.input_encoding.auto}" }];
48push(@{$encoding_plus_auto_list},@{$BasePlugin::encoding_list});
49
50my $arguments = [{
51 'name' => "metadata_field_separator",
52 'desc' => "{HTMLPlugin.metadata_field_separator}",
53 'type' => "string",
54 'deft' => ""
55 },{
56 'name' => "input_encoding",
57 'desc' => "{ReadTextFile.input_encoding}",
58 'type' => "enum",
59 'list' => $encoding_plus_auto_list,
60 'reqd' => "no",
61 'deft' => "auto"
62 },{
63 'name' => "join_before_split",
64 'desc' => "{EmbeddedMetadataPlugin.join_before_split}",
65 'type' => "flag"
66 },{
67 'name' => "join_character",
68 'desc' => "{EmbeddedMetadataPlugin.join_character}",
69 'type' => "string",
70 'deft' => " "
71 },{
72 'name' => "trim_whitespace",
73 'desc' => "{EmbeddedMetadataPlugin.trim_whitespace}",
74 'type' => "enum",
75 'list' => [{'name' => "true", 'desc' => "{common.true}"}, {'name' => "false", 'desc' => "{common.false}"}],
76 'deft' => "true"
77 }];
78
79my $options = {
80 'name' => "EmbeddedMetadataPlugin",
81 'desc' => "{EmbeddedMetadataPlugin.desc}",
82 'abstract' => "no",
83 'inherits' => "yes",
84 'args' => $arguments };
85
86sub new()
87{
88 my ($class) = shift (@_);
89 my ($pluginlist,$inputargs,$hashArgOptLists) = @_;
90 push(@$pluginlist, $class);
91
92 if(defined $arguments){ push(@{$hashArgOptLists->{"ArgList"}},@{$arguments});}
93 if(defined $options) { push(@{$hashArgOptLists->{"OptList"}},$options)};
94
95 my $self = new BasePlugin($pluginlist, $inputargs, $hashArgOptLists);
96
97 # Create a new Image::ExifTool object
98 my $exifTool = new Image::ExifTool;
99 $exifTool->Options(Duplicates => 0);
100 $exifTool->Options(PrintConv => 0);
101 $exifTool->Options(Unknown => 1);
102 $exifTool->Options('Verbose');
103 $self->{'exiftool'} = $exifTool;
104
105 return bless $self, $class;
106}
107
108
109# Need to think some more about this
110sub get_default_process_exp()
111{
112 return ".*";
113 #q^(?i)\.(wma|wmv|jpe?g|gif)$^;
114}
115
116
117# This plugin doesn't block any files
118#sub get_default_block_exp()
119#{
120# return '';
121#}
122
123# plugins that rely on more than process_exp (eg XML plugins) can override this method
124sub can_process_this_file {
125 my $self = shift(@_);
126
127 # we process metadata, not the file
128 return 0;
129}
130
131# Even if a plugin can extract metadata in its metadata_read pass,
132# make the default return 'undef' so processing of the file continues
133# down the pipeline, so other plugins can also have the opportunity to
134# locate metadata and set it up in the extrametakeys variables that
135# are passed around.
136
137sub can_process_this_file_for_metadata {
138 my $self = shift(@_);
139
140 # this plugin will look for metadata in any file through its
141 # metadata_read() returning undef here means anything else further
142 # down the pipeline can do the same
143
144 return undef;
145}
146
147
148sub extractEmbeddedMetadata()
149{
150 my $self = shift(@_);
151 my ($file, $filename, $extrametadata, $extrametakeys) = @_;
152
153 my %exif_metadata = ();
154
155 my $verbosity = $self->{'verbosity'};
156 my $outhandle = $self->{'outhandle'};
157
158 my $metadata_count = 0;
159
160 my $separator = $self->{'metadata_field_separator'};
161 if ($separator eq "") {
162 undef $separator;
163 }
164
165 my @group_list = Image::ExifTool::GetAllGroups(0);
166 foreach my $group (@group_list) {
167## print STDERR "**** group = $group\n";
168
169 # Extract meta information from an image
170 $self->{'exiftool'}->Options(Group0 => [$group]);
171 $self->{'exiftool'}->ExtractInfo($filename);
172
173 # Get list of tags in the order they were found in the file
174 my @tag_list = $self->{'exiftool'}->GetFoundTags('File');
175 foreach my $tag (@tag_list) {
176
177 # Strip any numbering suffix
178 $tag =~ s/^([^\s]+)\s.*$/$1/i;
179 my $value = $self->{'exiftool'}->GetValue($tag);
180 if (defined $value && $value =~ /[a-z0-9]+/i) {
181 my $field = "ex.$group.$tag";
182
183 my $encoding = $self->{'input_encoding'};
184 if($encoding eq "auto")
185 {
186 $encoding = "utf8"
187 }
188
189 if (!defined $exif_metadata{$field})
190 {
191 $exif_metadata{$field} = [];
192 }
193
194 $field = Encode::decode($encoding,$field);
195 my $metadata_done = 0;
196 if (ref $value eq 'SCALAR') {
197 if ($$value =~ /^Binary data/) {
198 $value = "($$value)";
199 }
200 else {
201 my $len = length($$value);
202 $value = "(Binary data $len bytes)";
203 }
204 }
205 elsif (ref $value eq 'ARRAY') {
206 $metadata_done = 1;
207
208 my $allvals = "";
209 foreach my $v (@$value) {
210 $v = Encode::decode($encoding,$v);
211
212 if(!$self->{'join_before_split'}){
213 if (defined $separator) {
214 my @vs = split($separator, $v);
215 foreach my $val (@vs) {
216 if ($val =~ /\S/) {
217 push (@{$exif_metadata{$field}}, $self->gsSafe($val));
218 ++$metadata_count;
219 }
220 }
221 }
222 else
223 {
224 push (@{$exif_metadata{$field}}, $self->gsSafe($v));
225 ++$metadata_count;
226 }
227 }
228 else{
229 if($allvals ne ""){
230 $allvals = $allvals . $self->{'join_character'};
231 }
232 $allvals = $allvals . $v;
233 }
234 }
235
236 if($self->{'join_before_split'}){
237 if (defined $separator) {
238 my @vs = split($separator, $allvals);
239 foreach my $val (@vs) {
240 if ($val =~ /\S/) {
241 push (@{$exif_metadata{$field}}, $self->gsSafe($val));
242 ++$metadata_count;
243 }
244 }
245 }
246 else
247 {
248 push (@{$exif_metadata{$field}}, $self->gsSafe($allvals));
249 ++$metadata_count;
250 }
251 }
252 }
253 else {
254 $value = Encode::decode($encoding,$value);
255 if (defined $separator) {
256 my @vs = split($separator, $value);
257 $metadata_done = 1;
258 foreach my $v (@vs) {
259 if ($v =~ /\S/) {
260 push (@{$exif_metadata{$field}}, $self->gsSafe($v));
261 ++$metadata_count;
262 }
263 }
264 }
265 }
266 if (!$metadata_done) {
267 push (@{$exif_metadata{$field}}, $self->gsSafe($value));
268 ++$metadata_count;
269 }
270 }
271 }
272 }
273
274 if ($metadata_count > 0) {
275 print $outhandle " Extracted $metadata_count pieces of metadata from $filename EXIF block\n";
276 }
277
278 # Protect windows directory chars \
279 $file = &util::filename_to_regex($file);
280
281 # Associate the metadata now
282
283 $extrametadata->{$file} = \%exif_metadata;
284 push(@$extrametakeys, $file);
285
286}
287
288
289sub metadata_read
290{
291 my $self = shift (@_);
292 my ($pluginfo, $base_dir, $file, $block_hash,
293 $extrametakeys, $extrametadata, $extrametafile,
294 $processor, $gli, $aux) = @_;
295
296 my ($filename_full_path, $filename_no_path) = &util::get_full_filenames($base_dir, $file);
297
298 # we don't want to process directories
299 if (!-f $filename_full_path || !$self->can_process_this_file($filename_full_path)) {
300 return undef;
301 }
302 print STDERR "\n<Processing n='$file' p='EmbeddedMetadataPlugin'>\n" if ($gli);
303 print STDERR "EmbeddedMetadataPlugin: processing $file\n" if ($self->{'verbosity'}) > 1;
304
305 $self->extractEmbeddedMetadata($filename_no_path,$filename_full_path,
306 $extrametadata,$extrametakeys);
307
308 return undef;
309}
310
311sub read
312{
313 return undef;
314}
315
316sub process
317{
318 # not used
319 return undef;
320}
321
322sub gsSafe() {
323 my $self = shift(@_);
324 my ($text) = @_;
325
326 # Replace potentially problematic characters
327 $text =~ s/\(/&#40;/g;
328 $text =~ s/\)/&#41;/g;
329 $text =~ s/,/&#44;/g;
330 $text =~ s/\</&#60;/g;
331 $text =~ s/\>/&#62;/g;
332 $text =~ s/\[/&#91;/g;
333 $text =~ s/\]/&#93;/g;
334 $text =~ s/\{/&#123;/g;
335 $text =~ s/\}/&#125;/g;
336 # Done
337
338 if ($self->{'trim_whitespace'} eq "true"){
339 $text =~ s/^\s+//;
340 $text =~ s/\s+$//;
341 }
342
343 return $text;
344}
345
3461;
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