root/main/trunk/greenstone2/macros/english.dm @ 21753

Revision 21753, 35.8 KB (checked in by mdewsnip, 10 years ago)

Added new _texttruncated_ macro to go along with the new "truncate(X):" format statement modifier.

  • Property svn:executable set to *
  • Property svn:keywords set to Author Date Id Revision
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1# this file must be UTF-8 encoded
2#####################################################################
3#
4# English Language text and icon macros
5#
6######################################################################
7#
8# This is the main macro file for translation when creating an
9# interface in another language.
10
11# Under the 'text macros' comments are text macros of the form:
12# _macroname_ {macro value}
13# Everything between the {} is the text to be translated. This text
14# may itself contain macros (i.e. characters other than space between
15# underscore characters, e.g. _about:numdocs_ or _textpage_). These
16# macro names occurring within text shouldn't be translated but should
17# be left as they are. Underscores or curly brackets occurring
18# naturally within the text should be escaped with a leading backslash
19# (i.e. '\_', '\{' or '\}).
20#
21# Comment lines (other than those described above) need not be
22# translated (i.e. any lines beginning with '#', like this line).
23#
24# The simplest way to translate this file is to save it as something
25# else (e.g. french.dm) and work through translating all the text
26# macro values and icon comments.
27#
28######################################################################
29
30
31######################################################################
32# Global (base) package
33package Global
34######################################################################
35
36
37#------------------------------------------------------------
38# text macros
39#------------------------------------------------------------
40
41_textperiodicals_ {Periodicals}
42
43# these three used by the default format statement of the demo and dls collections.
44_textsource_ {source ref: }
45_textdate_ {publication date: }
46_textnumpages_ {no. of pages: }
47
48_textsignin_ {sign in}
49
50_texttruncated_ {[truncated]}
51
52_textdefaultcontent_ {The requested page could not be found. Please use
53your browsers 'back' button or the above home button to return to the
54Greenstone Digital Library.}
55
56_textdefaulttitle_ {GSDL Error}
57
58_textbadcollection_ {This collection (called "_cvariable_") is not installed on this Greenstone digital library system.}
59
60_textselectpage_ {-- Select Page --}
61
62_collectionextra_ {This collection contains _about:numdocs_ documents.
63It was last built _about:builddate_ days ago.}
64
65# this is only used by the collector (where the above _collectionextra_
66# macro will always be set to another value)
67_collectorextra_ {
68<p>This collection contains _numdocs_ _If_("_numdocs_" eq "1",document,documents), a total of _numbytes_ of indexed text and metadata.
69<p><a href="_httppagex_(bsummary)">Click here</a> to view the build summary for this collection.
70}
71
72_textdescrcollection_ {}
73_textdescrabout_ {About page}
74_textdescrhome_ {Home page}
75_textdescrhelp_ {Help page}
76_textdescrpref_ {Preferences page}
77_textdescrgreenstone_ {Greenstone Digital Library Software}
78_textdescrusab_ {What did you find hard to use?}
79
80
81# Metadata names and navigation bar labels
82
83_textSearch_ {Search}
84_labelSearch_ {Search}
85
86# Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1
87_textTitle_ {Title}
88_labelTitle_ {Titles}
89_textCreator_ {Creator}
90_labelCreator_ {Creators}
91_textSubject_ {Subject}
92_labelSubject_ {Subjects}
93_textDescription_ {Description}
94_labelDescription_ {Descriptions}
95_textPublisher_ {Publisher}
96_labelPublisher_ {Publishers}
97_textContributor_ {Contributor}
98_labelContributor_ {Contributors}
99_textDate_ {Date}
100_labelDate_ {Dates}
101_textType_ {Type}
102_labelType_ {Types}
103_textFormat_ {Format}
104_labelFormat_ {Formats}
105_textIdentifier_ {Identifier}
106_labelIdentifier_ {Identifiers}
107_textSource_ {Filename}  # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
108_labelSource_ {Filenames}  # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
109_textLanguage_ {Language}
110_labelLanguage_ {Languages}
111_textRelation_ {Relation}
112_labelRelation_ {Relations}
113_textCoverage_ {Coverage}
114_labelCoverage_ {Coverage}
115_textRights_ {Rights}
116_labelRights_ {Rights}
117
118# DLS metadata set
119_textOrganization_ {Organization}
120_labelOrganization_ {Organizations}
121_textKeyword_ {Keyword}
122_labelKeyword_ {Keywords}
123_textHowto_ {How to}
124_labelHowto_ {How to}
125
126# Miscellaneous Greenstone metadata
127_textPhrase_ {Phrase}
128_labelPhrase_ {Phrases}
129_textCollage_ {Collage}
130_labelCollage_ {Collage}
131_textBrowse_ {Browse}
132_labelBrowse_ {Browse}
133_textTo_ {To}
134_labelTo_ {To}
135_textFrom_ {From}
136_labelFrom_ {From}
137_textAcronym_ {Acronym}
138_labelAcronym_ {Acronyms}
139_textAuthor_ {Author}
140_textAuthors_ {Authors}
141
142# Navigation bar tooltip - to customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textdescrXXX_ where XXX is the metadata name
143_textdescrdefault_ {Browse by _1_}
144
145_textdescrSearch_ {Search for specific terms}
146_textdescrType_ {Browse by resource type}
147_textdescrIdentifier_ {Browse by resource identifier}
148_textdescrSource_ {Browse by original filename}  # Not true DC, kept for legacy reasons
149_textdescrTo_ {Browse by To field}
150_textdescrFrom_ {Browse by From field}
151_textdescrCollage_ {Browse by image collage}
152_textdescrAcronym_ {Browse acronyms}
153_textdescrPhrase_ {Browse phrases}
154_textdescrHowto_ {Browse how to categories}
155_textdescrBrowse_ {Browse documents}
156_texticontext_ {View the document}
157_texticonclosedbook_ {open this document and view contents}
158_texticonnext_ {to next section}
159_texticonprev_ {to previous section}
160
161_texticonworld_ {View the web document}
162
163_texticonmidi_ {View the MIDI document}
164_texticonmsword_ {View the Microsoft Word document}
165_texticonmp3_ {View the MP3 document}
166_texticonpdf_ {View the PDF document}
167_texticonps_ {View the PostScript document}
168_texticonppt_ {View the PowerPoint document}
169_texticonrtf_ {View the RTF document}
170_texticonxls_ {View the Microsoft Excel document}
171_texticonogg_ {View the Ogg Vorbis document}
172_texticonrmvideo_ {View the Real Media document}
173
174_page_ {page }
175_pages_ {pages}
176_of_ { of }
177_vol_ {Volume}
178_num_ {No.}
179
180_textmonth00_ {}
181_textmonth01_ {January}
182_textmonth02_ {February}
183_textmonth03_ {March}
184_textmonth04_ {April}
185_textmonth05_ {May}
186_textmonth06_ {June}
187_textmonth07_ {July}
188_textmonth08_ {August}
189_textmonth09_ {September}
190_textmonth10_ {October}
191_textmonth11_ {November}
192_textmonth12_ {December}
193
194_texttext_ {Text}
195_labeltext_ {_texttext_}
196_textdocument_ {Document}
197_textsection_ {Section}
198_textparagraph_ {Paragraph}
199_textchapter_ {Chapter}
200_textbook_ {Book}
201
202_magazines_ {Magazines}
203
204_nzdlpagefooter_ {<div class="divbar">&nbsp;</div>
205<p><a href="http://www.nzdl.org">New Zealand Digital Library Project</a>
206<br><a href="http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz">Department of Computer Science</a>,
207<a href="http://www.waikato.ac.nz">University of Waikato</a>,
208New Zealand}
209
210_linktextHOME_ {HOME}
211_linktextHELP_ {HELP}
212_linktextPREFERENCES_ {PREFERENCES}
213
214
215######################################################################
216# 'home' page
217package home
218######################################################################
219
220_textpagetitle_ {Greenstone Digital Library}
221
222_textnocollections_ {No valid (i.e. built and public) collections are available}
223
224_textadmin_ {Administration Page}
225_textabgs_ {About Greenstone}
226_textgsdocs_ {Greenstone Documentation}
227
228_textdescradmin_ {
229Allows you to add new users, summarizes the collections in the system,
230gives technical information on the Greenstone installation
231}
232
233_textdescrgogreenstone_ {
234Tells you about the Greenstone software and the New Zealand Digital Library
235Project where it originated
236}
237
238_textdescrgodocs_ {Greenstone manuals}
239
240#####################################################################
241# some macros used on the home page from other packages
242#####################################################################
243package gli
244
245_textgli_ {The Librarian Interface}
246_textdescrgli_ {
247Helps you create new collections, modify or add to existing ones, or delete
248collections
249}
250
251package collector
252
253_textcollector_ {The Collector}
254_textdescrcollector_ {
255This predates the Librarian Interface, and for most practical purposes the Librarian Interface should be used instead
256}
257
258package depositor
259
260_textdepositor_ {The Depositor}
261_textdescrdepositor_  {
262Helps you to add documents to existing collections
263}
264
265package gti
266
267_textgti_ {The Greenstone Translator Interface}
268_textdescrtranslator_ {
269Helps you keep the multilingual versions of the Greenstone interface
270up to date
271}
272
273
274######################################################################
275# 'about' page
276package about
277######################################################################
278
279
280#------------------------------------------------------------
281# text macros
282#------------------------------------------------------------
283
284_textabcol_ {About this collection}
285
286_textsubcols1_ {<p>The complete collection comprises _1_ subcollections.
287Those currently available are:
288<blockquote>}
289
290_textsubcols2_ {</blockquote>
291You can check (and alter) which subcollections you are
292currently using on the Preferences page.}
293
294_titleabout_ {about}
295
296
297######################################################################
298# document package
299package document
300######################################################################
301
302
303#------------------------------------------------------------
304# text macros
305#------------------------------------------------------------
306
307_texticonopenbookshelf_ {close this section of the library}
308_texticonclosedbookshelf_ {open this section of the library and view contents}
309_texticonopenbook_ {close this book}
310_texticonclosedfolder_ {Open this folder and view contents}
311_texticonclosedfolder2_ {open sub-section: }
312_texticonopenfolder_ {close this folder}
313_texticonopenfolder2_ {close sub-section: }
314_texticonsmalltext_ {View this section of the text}
315_texticonsmalltext2_ {view text: }
316_texticonpointer_ {current section}
317_texticondetach_ {Open this page in a new window}
318_texticonhighlight_ {Highlight search terms}
319_texticonnohighlight_ {Don't highlight search terms}
320_texticoncontracttoc_ {Collapse table of contents}
321_texticonexpandtoc_ {Expand table of contents}
322_texticonexpandtext_ {Display all text}
323_texticoncontracttext_ {Display text only for currently selected section}
324_texticonwarning_ {<b>Warning: </b>}
325_texticoncont_ {continue?}
326
327_textltwarning_ {<div class="buttons">_imagecont_</div>
328_iconwarning_Expanding the text here will generate a large
329amount of data for your browser to display
330}
331
332_textgoto_ {go to page}
333_textintro_ { <i>(introductory text)</i>}
334
335_textCONTINUE_ {CONTINUE?}
336
337_textEXPANDTEXT_ {EXPAND TEXT}
338
339_textCONTRACTCONTENTS_ {CONTRACT CONTENTS}
340
341_textDETACH_ {DETACH}
342
343_textEXPANDCONTENTS_ {EXPAND CONTENTS}
344
345_textCONTRACT_ {CONTRACT TEXT}
346
347_textHIGHLIGHT_ {HIGHLIGHTING}
348
349_textNOHIGHLIGHT_ {NO HIGHLIGHTING}
350
351_textPRINT_ {PRINT}
352
353_textnextsearchresult_{next search result}
354_textprevsearchresult_{previous search result}
355
356# macros for printing page
357_textreturnoriginal_ {Return to the original page}
358_textprintpage_ {Print this page}
359_textshowcontents_ {Show the table of contents}
360_texthidecontents_ {Hide the table of contents}
361
362######################################################################
363# 'search' page
364package query
365######################################################################
366
367
368#------------------------------------------------------------
369# text macros
370#------------------------------------------------------------
371
372# this if statement produces the text 'results n1 - nn for query: querystring' or
373# 'No matches for query: querystring', depending on whether or not there were
374# any matches
375_textquerytitle_ {_If_(_thislast_,results _thisfirst_ - _thislast_ for query: _cgiargq_,No matches for query: _cgiargq_)}
376_textnoquerytitle_ {Search page}
377
378_textsome_ {some}
379_textall_ {all}
380_textboolean_ {boolean}
381_textranked_ {ranked}
382_textnatural_ {natural}
383_textsortbyrank_ {relevance rank}
384_texticonsearchhistorybar_ {search history}
385
386_textifeellucky_ {I'm feeling lucky!}
387
388#alt text for query buttons
389_textusequery_ {use this query}
390_textfreqmsg1_ {Word count: }
391_textpostprocess_ {_If_(_quotedquery_,<br><i>post-processed to find _quotedquery_</i>
392)}
393_textinvalidquery_ {Invalid query syntax}
394_textstopwordsmsg_ {The following words are too common and were ignored: }
395_textlucenetoomanyclauses_ {Your query contained too many search terms; please try a more specific query.}
396
397_textmorethan_ {More than }
398_textapprox_ {About }
399_textnodocs_ {No documents matched the query.}
400_text1doc_ {1 document matched the query.}
401_textlotsdocs_ {documents matched the query.}
402_textmatches_ {Matches }
403_textbeginsearch_ {Begin Search}
404_textrunquery_ {Run Query}
405_textclearform_ {Clear Form}
406
407#these go together in form search:
408#"Words  (fold, stem)  ... in field"
409_textwordphrase_ {Words}
410_textinfield_ {... in field}
411_textfoldstem_ {(fold, stem)}
412
413_textadvquery_ {Or enter a query directly:}
414_textallfields_ {all fields}
415_texttextonly_ {text only}
416_textand_ {and}
417_textor_ {or}
418_textandnot_ {and not}
419
420# _indexselection_, _jselection_, _nselection_ and _gselection_ are set from
421# within the server - _indexselection_ is always set, but the others may be
422# unset
423
424# the space after "level" (before the right bracket) is required, otherwise no space between "Search" and "in"
425
426_textsimplesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_) for _querytypeselection_ of the words}
427
428_textadvancedsearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language) using _querytypeselection_ query}
429
430_textadvancedmgppsearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for}
431
432_textadvancedlucenesearch_ {Search in _indexselection__If_(_jselection_, associated with _jselection_)_If_(_gselection_, at _gselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\,_allowformbreak_ sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
433
434# the space after "Search" is required, otherwise no space between "Search" and "in"
435
436_textformsimplesearch_ {Search _If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for _formquerytypesimpleselection_ of }
437
438_textformadvancedsearchmgpp_ {Search _If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language), and display results in _formquerytypeadvancedselection_ order, for }
439
440_textformadvancedsearchlucene_ {Search _If_(_jselection_, in _jselection_)_If_(_gformselection_, at _gformselection_ level )_If_(_nselection_, in _nselection_ language)_If_(_sfselection_,\, sorting results by _sfselection_\,) for }
441
442_textnojsformwarning_ {Warning: Javascript is disabled in your web browser. <br>To use form searching, please enable it.}
443_textdatesearch_ {This collection can be searched for documents within a date range, or documents that contain a particular date. This is an optional feature of the search.}
444_textstartdate_ {Start (or only) date:}
445_textenddate_ {End date:}
446_textbc_ {B.C.E.}
447_textad_ {C.E.}
448_textexplaineras_ {C.E. and B.C.E are alternatives for A.D. and B.C. respectively.  These terms are considered to be culture indiscriminate, and stand for "Common Era" and "Before the Common Era"}
449
450_textstemon_ { (ignoring word endings)}
451
452_textsearchhistory_ {Search History}
453
454#text macros for search history
455_textnohistory_ {No entries in the search history}
456_texthresult_ {result}
457_texthresults_ {results}
458_texthallwords_ {all words}
459_texthsomewords_ {some words}
460_texthboolean_ {boolean}
461_texthranked_ {ranked}
462_texthcaseon_ {case must match}
463_texthcaseoff_ {casefolded}
464_texthstemon_ {stemmed}
465_texthstemoff_ {unstemmed}
466
467
468######################################################################
469# 'preferences' page
470package preferences
471######################################################################
472
473
474#------------------------------------------------------------
475# text macros
476#------------------------------------------------------------
477
478_textprefschanged_ {
479Preferences have been set as follows. Do not use your browser's
480"back" button - it will unset them! Instead, click one of the
481buttons on the access bar above.
482}
483_textsetprefs_ {set preferences}
484_textsearchprefs_ {Search preferences}
485_textcollectionprefs_ {Collection preferences}
486_textpresentationprefs_ {Presentation preferences}
487_textpreferences_ {Preferences}
488_textcasediffs_ {Case differences:}
489_textignorecase_ {ignore case differences}
490_textmatchcase_ {upper/lower case must match}
491_textwordends_ {Word endings:}
492_textstem_ {ignore word endings}
493_textnostem_ {whole word must match}
494_textaccentdiffs_ {Accent differences:}
495_textignoreaccents_ {ignore accents}
496_textmatchaccents_ {accents must match}
497
498_textprefop_ {Return up to _maxdocoption_ hits with _hitsperpageoption_ hits per page.}
499_textextlink_ {Access to external Web pages:}
500_textintlink_ {Source documents retrieved from:}
501_textlanguage_ {Interface language:}
502_textencoding_ {Encoding:}
503_textformat_ {Interface format:}
504_textall_ {all}
505_textquerymode_ {Query mode:}
506_textsimplemode_ {simple query mode}
507_textadvancedmode_ {advanced query mode (allows boolean searching using !, &amp;, |, and parentheses)}
508_textlinkinterm_ {through intermediate page}
509_textlinkdirect_ {go directly there}
510_textdigitlib_ {the digital library}
511_textweb_ {the web}
512_textgraphical_ {Graphical}
513_texttextual_ {Textual}
514_textcollectionoption_ {<p>
515Subcollections to include:
516<br>}
517
518_textsearchtype_ {Query style:}
519_textformsearchtype_ {fielded with _formnumfieldoption_ fields}
520_textplainsearchtype_ {normal with _boxsizeoption_ query box}
521_textregularbox_ {single line}
522_textlargebox_ {large}
523
524_textrelateddocdisplay_ {display related documents}
525_textsearchhistory_ {Search history:}
526_textnohistory_ {No search history}
527_texthistorydisplay_ {display _historynumrecords_ search history records}
528_textnohistorydisplay_ {do not display search history}
529
530_textbookoption_  {Book viewer mode:}
531_textbookvieweron_ {on}
532_textbookvieweroff_ {off}
533
534# html options
535_textdoclayout_ {Document page layout:}
536_textlayoutnavbar_ {navigation bar at top}
537_textlayoutnonavbar_ {no navigation bar}
538
539_texttermhighlight_ {Search term highlighting:}
540_texttermhighlighton_ {highlight search terms}
541_texttermhighlightoff_ {don't highlight search terms}
542
543#####################################################################
544# 'browse' package for the dynamic browsing interface
545package browse
546#####################################################################
547
548_textsortby_ {Sort documents by}
549_textalsoshowing_ {also showing}
550_textwith_ {with at most}
551_textdocsperpage_ {documents per page}
552
553_textfilterby_ {Get documents containing}
554_textall_ {all}
555_textany_ {any}
556_textwords_ {of the words}
557_textleaveblank_ {leave this box blank to get all the documents}       
558
559_browsebuttontext_ {"Sort Documents"}
560
561_nodata_ {<i>no data</i>}
562_docs_ {documents}
563######################################################################
564# 'help' page -- this is lower priority for translating than the
565# rest of this file
566package help
567######################################################################
568
569
570#------------------------------------------------------------
571# text macros
572#------------------------------------------------------------
573
574_textHelp_ {Help}
575
576# Macros giving a brief help message for navigation bar access buttons
577# The arguments to this will be _textXXX_ and _labelXXX_, where XXX is the metadata name. For example, to print out the help message for a titles classifier, the library will use _textdefaulthelp_(_textTitle_,_labelTitle_)
578# To customize this for a specific metadata, add a macro named _textXXXhelp_ where XXX is the metadata name
579_textdefaulthelp_{browse documents by _1_ by clicking the _2_ button}
580
581_textSearchhelp_ {search for particular words that appear in the text by clicking the _labelSearch_ button}
582_textTohelp_ {browse documents by To field by clicking the _labelTo_ button}
583_textFromhelp_ {browse documents by From field by clicking the _labelFrom_ button}
584_textBrowsehelp_ {browse documents}
585_textAcronymhelp_ {browse documents by acronym occurrence by clicking the _labelAcronym_ button}
586_textPhrasehelp_ {browse phrases occurring in documents by clicking the _labelPhrase_ button. This uses the phind phrase browser.}
587
588_texthelptopicstitle_ {Topics}
589
590_textreadingdocs_ {How to read the documents}
591
592_texthelpreadingdocs_ {
593<p>You can tell when you have arrived at an individual book or document
594because its title, or an image of the front cover, appears at the top
595left of the page. In some collections, a table of contents appears, while in others
596(eg. when the paged image option is used)
597just the page number is shown, along with a box that allows you to select a
598new page and go forward and backward. In the table of contents, the current
599section heading is in bold face, and the table is expandable -- click on the folders
600to open or close them; click on the open book at the top to close it.</p>
601
602<p>Underneath is the text of the current section. When you have read
603through it, there are arrows at the bottom to take you on to the next
604section or back to the previous one.</p>
605
606<p>Below the title or front-cover image are some buttons. Click on
607<i>_document:textEXPANDTEXT_</i> to expand out the whole text of the current section, or
608book. If the document is large, this could take a long time and use a lot
609of memory! Click on <i>_document:textEXPANDCONTENTS_</i> to expand out the whole table of
610contents so that you can see the titles of all chapters and
611subsections. Click on <i>_document:textDETACH_</i> to make a new browser window for this
612document. (This is useful if you want to compare documents, or read two at
613once.) Finally, when you do a search the words you search for are
614highlighted. Click on <i>_document:textNOHIGHLIGHT_</i> to remove highlighting.</p>
615}
616
617# help about the icons
618_texthelpopenbookshelf_ {Open this bookshelf}
619_texthelpopenbook_ {Open/close this book}
620_texthelpviewtextsection_ {View this section of the text}
621_texthelpexpandtext_ {Display all text, or not}
622_texthelpexpandcontents_ {Expand table of contents, or not}
623_texthelpdetachpage_ {Open this page in a new window}
624_texthelphighlight_ {Highlight search terms, or not}
625_texthelpsectionarrows_ {Go to the previous/next section}
626
627
628_texthelpsearchingtitle_ {How to search for particular words}
629
630_texthelpsearching_ {
631<p>
632  From the search page, you make a query in these simple steps:<p>
633 
634  <ol><li>Specify what items you want to search
635      <li>Say whether you want to search for all or just some of the words
636      <li>Type in the words you want to search for
637      <li>Click the <i>Begin Search</i> button
638  </ol>
639
640<p>When you make a query, the titles of twenty matching documents will be shown.
641There is a button at the end to take you on to the next twenty documents.  From
642there you will find buttons to take you on to the third twenty or back to the
643first twenty, and so on.  Click the title of any document, or the little button
644beside it, to see it.
645
646<p>A maximum of 50 is imposed on the number of
647  documents returned.  You can change this number by clicking the
648  <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page.<p>
649}
650
651_texthelpquerytermstitle_ {Search terms}
652_texthelpqueryterms_ {
653<p>Whatever you type into the query box is interpreted as a list of words or phrases
654called "search terms."  A term is a single word containing only letters and digits, or a phrase consisting of a sequence of words enclosed in double quotes ("...").  Terms are separated by white spaces.  If any other characters such
655as punctuation appear, they serve to separate terms just as though they were
656spaces.  And then they are ignored.  You can't search for words that include
657punctuation.
658
659<p>For example, the query<p>
660    <ul><kbd>Agro-forestry in the Pacific Islands: Systems for Sustainability (1993)</kbd></ul>
661      <p>will be treated the same as<p>
662      <ul><kbd>Agro forestry in the Pacific Islands  Systems for Sustainability  1993 </kbd></ul><p>
663}
664
665_texthelpmgppsearching_ {
666For collections built with MGPP a few other options are available.
667
668<ul>
669<li>A <b>*</b> at the end of a query term  matches all words <b>starting with</b> that word, e.g. <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
670<li><b>/x</b> can be used to give higher weight to one or more of the query terms, eg <b>computer/10 science</b> gives computer 10 times more weight than science when ranking documents.
671</ul>
672}
673
674_texthelplucenesearching_ {
675For collections built with Lucene a few other options are available.
676
677<ul>
678<li><b>?</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of a single letter. For example, <b>b?t</b> will match  <b>bet</b>, <b>bit</b> and <b>bat</b> etc.
679<li><b>*</b> can be used as a wildcard in place of multiple letters. For example, <b>comput*</b> matches all words starting with <b>comput</b>.
680</ul>
681Both of these wildcards can be used in the middle of a term, or at the end. They cannot be used at the start of a search term.
682}
683
684_texthelpquerytypetitle_ {Query type}
685_texthelpquerytype_ {
686<p>There are two different kinds of query.
687
688<ul>
689  <li>Queries for <b>all</b> of the words.  These look for documents (or
690      chapters, or titles) that contain all the words you have specified.
691      Documents that satisfy the query are displayed, in build order.
692<p>
693
694  <li>Queries for <b>some</b> of the words.  Just list some terms that are
695      likely to appear in the documents you are looking for.  Documents are
696      displayed in order of how closely they match the query.  When determining
697      the degree of match,
698
699      <p><ul>
700        <li> the more search term occurrences a document contains, the closer it matches;
701        <li> terms which are rare in the collection as a whole are more important than common ones;
702        <li> short documents match better than long ones.
703      </ul>
704</ul>
705
706<p>Use as many search terms as you like--a whole sentence, or even a
707whole paragraph.  If you specify only
708one term, documents will be ordered by its frequency of occurrence.<p>
709}
710
711_texthelpadvancedsearchtitle_ {Advanced searching using the _1_ search engine}
712
713_texthelpadvancedsearch_ {
714<p>If you have selected advanced query mode (in preferences) you have slightly different search options.
715}
716
717_texthelpadvsearchmg_ {
718Advanced searching in MG collections gives you two options, ranked and boolean.
719A <b>ranked</b> search is exactly the same as the <b>some</b> search descibed in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>.
720<p>_texthelpbooleansearch_
721}
722
723_texthelpbooleansearch_ {
724A <b>boolean</b> search allows you to combine terms
725using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for grouping if desired. The default operator is | (for "or").
726<p>
727For example, <b>snail &amp; farming</b> will match documents which contain both <b>snail</b> AND <b>farming</b>, whereas <b>snail | farming</b> will match documents that contain either <b>snail</b> OR <b>farming</b>.
728<b>snail !farming</b> will match documents that contain <b>snail</b> AND DO NOT contain <b>farming</b>.
729<p>
730More precise queries can be specified using combinations of operators and parentheses. For example, <b>(sheep | cattle) &amp; (farm | station)</b>, or <b>sheep | cattle | goat !pig</b>.
731}
732
733_texthelpadvsearchmgpp_ {
734Advanced searches in MGPP collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
735<p>The results can be displayed in <b>ranked</b> order, as described for the <b>some</b> search in <a href="\#query-type">_texthelpquerytypetitle_</a>, or in "natural" (or "build") order. The latter is the order that documents were processed during the creation of the collection.
736<p>
737Further operators include <b>NEARx</b> and <b>WITHINx</b>.
738NEARx is used to specify the maximum distance (x words)
739which can separate two query terms for a document to match.
740WITHINx specifies that the second term must occur within x words <i>after</i> the first term. This is similar to NEAR but the order is important. The default distance is 20.
741}
742
743_texthelpadvancedsearchextra_{NOTE: These operators are all ignored if you are searching in simple query mode.}
744
745_texthelpadvsearchlucene_ {
746Advanced searches in Lucene collections use boolean operators. _texthelpbooleansearch_
747}
748
749_texthelpformsearchtitle_ {Fielded searching}
750
751_texthelpformsearch_ {
752<p>Fielded searching provides the opportunity to combine searches across fields. For example, one can search for "Smith" in Title AND "snail farming" in Subject. In simple query mode, each line of the form behaves like a normal single line search. The individual lines of the form are combined using AND (for an "all" search) or OR (for a "some" search). Terms inside the field are also combined the same way. In advanced mode, you can specify different combinations of AND/OR/NOT between the fields using the drop-down lists, and inside a field you can use boolean operators.
753}
754
755_texthelpformstemming_ {The "fold" and "stem" boxes allow you to specify whether the terms inside that field are casefolded or stemmed. These are both switched off by default for advanced form searching.}
756
757_textdatesearch_ {Searching with Dates}
758
759_texthelpdatesearch_ {
760Date search lets you find documents that, as well as matching your search
761terms, are about events within a certain timeframe.  You can search for
762documents from a certain year or from a range of years.  Note that you do not
763have to have any search terms -- you can search by date alone; and also that
764you do not have to use dates in your search, if you do not type any dates in it
765 is just the same as if the date search didn't exist.<p>
766}
767
768_texthelpdatehowtotitle_ {How to use this feature:}
769_texthelpdatehowto_ {
770<ul>
771   <li>To search for documents about a single year:<p>
772   <ul>
773       <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
774       <li>Type the year you want into the "Start (or only) date" box.
775       <li>If your date is from before the common era (also known as before
776           Christ), choose the "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to that
777           box.
778       <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
779   </ul>
780<p><li>To search for documents about a time period or range of years:<p>
781   <ul>
782       <li>Type in any ordinary search terms as you normally would.
783       <li>Type the earlier date into the "Start (or only) date" box.
784       <li>Type the later date into the "End date" box.
785       <li>Select "B.C.E" option from the pulldown menu next to any date from before
786           the common era (also known as before Christ).
787       <li>Begin your search as you ordinarily would.
788   </ul>   
789</ul><p>
790}
791
792_texthelpdateresultstitle_ {The way results of your search work}
793_texthelpdateresults_ {
794Generally speaking a search for documents about the year 1903 will not return documents that, say, reference books written in 1903, just documents about 1903.  However, the way that the documents' dates are found, it will return documents that have a date range (for example 1899-1911) that includes 1903, and also those documents which, as part of their text name the century that 1903 is a part of (for example 20th century or twentieth century).  This means that for some documents, the dates in your search will not actually appear in the document text.  For a range search, all of this applies to every date in the range.<p>
795}
796
797_textchangeprefs_ {Changing your preferences}
798
799_texthelppreferences_ {
800<p>When you click the <i>_Global:linktextPREFERENCES_</i> button at the top of the page you will
801be able to change some features of the interface to suit your own requirements.
802}
803
804_texthelpcollectionprefstitle_ {Collection preferences}
805_texthelpcollectionprefs_ {
806<p>Some collections comprise several subcollections, which can be searched
807independently or together, as one unit.  If so, you can select which
808subcollections to include in your searches on the Preferences page.
809}
810
811_texthelplanguageprefstitle_ {Language preferences}
812_texthelplanguageprefs_ {
813<p>Each collection has a default presentation language, but you can switch to
814a different language if you like.  You can also alter the encoding scheme
815used by Greenstone for output to the browser -- the software chooses
816sensible defaults, but with some browsers it may be necessary to switch to
817a different encoding scheme to ensure correct character display.
818All collections allow you to
819switch from the standard graphical interface format to a textual one. This
820is particularly useful for visually impaired users who use large screen
821fonts or speech synthesizers for output.
822}
823
824_texthelppresentationprefstitle_ {Presentation preferences}
825_texthelppresentationprefs_ {
826Depending on the particular collection, there may be several options you can
827set that control the presentation.
828
829<p>Collections of Web pages allow you to suppress the Greenstone navigation bar at
830the top of each document page, so that once you have done a search you land at
831the exact Web page that matches without any Greenstone header.  To do another
832search you will have to use your browser's "back" button.  These collections
833also allow you to suppress Greenstone's warning message when you click a link
834that takes you out of the digital library collection and on to the Web itself.
835And in some Web collections you can control whether the links on the search
836results page take you straight to the actual URL in question, rather than to
837the digital library's copy of the page.
838}
839
840_texthelpsearchprefstitle_ {Search preferences}
841_texthelpsearchprefs_ {
842<p>You can switch to an "advanced" query mode which allows you to combine terms
843using &amp; (for "and"), | (for "or"), and ! (for "not"), using parentheses for
844grouping if desired. This allows you to specify more precise queries.
845<p>_selectsearchtypeprefs_
846<p>_selectwordmodificationprefs_
847<p>You can turn on the search history feature, which shows you your last few
848queries.  This makes it easy to repeat slightly modified versions of previous
849queries.
850<p>Finally, you can control the number of hits returned, and the
851number presented on each screenful.
852}
853
854_textcasefoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether upper and lower case must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignorecase_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>Snail Farming</i> and <i>SNAIL FARMING</i>.}
855_textstemprefs_{A pair of buttons controls whether to ignore word endings or not when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textstem_" is selected, <i>snail farming</i> will be treated the same as <i>snails farm</i> and <i>snail farmer</i>. This currently only works properly for English language text. _selectstemoptionsprefs_}
856_textaccentfoldprefs_ {A pair of buttons controls whether accented and unaccented letters must match when searching. For example, if "_preferences:textignoreaccents_" is selected, <i>fédération</i> will be treated the same as <i>fedération</i> and <i>federation</i>.}
857 
858_textstemoptionsprefs_ {It may be more convenient and precise to use the search term truncation facility described above in "_texthelpquerytermstitle_".}
859
860_textsearchtypeprefsplain_ {It is possible to get a large query box, so that you can easily do paragraph-sized searching. It is surprisingly quick to search for large amounts of text.}
861
862_textsearchtypeprefsform_ {You can change the number of fields shown in the search form.}
863
864_textsearchtypeprefsboth_ {You can switch the search type of the collection between "normal" search, and "fielded" search.
865<ul>
866<li>Normal search provides a single query box. _textsearchtypeprefsplain_</li>
867<li>Fielded search provides a number of query boxes, each querying a different field of the index. This enables searching over different fields at once. _textsearchtypeprefsform_ </li>
868</ul>
869}
870
871
872
873_texttanumbrowseoptions_ {There are _numbrowseoptions_ ways to find information in this collection:}
874
875_textsimplehelpheading_ {How to find information in the _collectionname_ collection}
876
877_texthelpscopetitle_ {Scope of queries}
878_texthelpscope_ {
879<p>
880In most collections you are given a choice of different indexes to search. For example, there might
881be author or title indexes. Or there might be chapter or paragraph indexes. Generally,
882the full matching document is returned regardless of which index you search.
883<p>If documents are books, they will be opened at the appropriate place.
884}
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